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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Islamist Militant Threat in Bangladesh

The Islamist Militant Threat in Bangladesh

Date: July 21, 2016
Creator: Vaughn, Bruce
Description: This report discusses the current security climate in Bangladesh in regards to terrorism. Bangladesh is attractive to jihadists because it is a politically destabilized Muslim majority nation that could offer inroads to both Burma, through the alienated Muslim Rohingya refugee group, or to neighboring India.
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U.S. Foreign Assistance as Colombia's Peace Talks on Cusp of Completion

U.S. Foreign Assistance as Colombia's Peace Talks on Cusp of Completion

Date: July 20, 2016
Creator: Beittel, June S.
Description: This report discusses the ongoing peace process in Colombia and the potential effects for U.S. policy. On July 18, 2016, the Colombian Constitutional Court approved a plebiscite to allow Colombian voters to decide the fate of the peace accord under negotiation between the government of President Juan Manuel Santos and the country's largest insurgent group, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).
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Turkey: Failed Coup and Implications for U.S. Policy

Turkey: Failed Coup and Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: July 19, 2016
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report briefly examines the failed coup in Turkey and what it means for U.S. foreign policy. On July 15-16, 2016, elements within the Turkish military tried, but failed, to seize political power from President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Prime Minister Binali Yildirim.
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European Security and Islamist Terrorism

European Security and Islamist Terrorism

Date: July 18, 2016
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Belkin, Paul
Description: This report briefly discusses the current security climate in Europe, as well as policy considerations for the U.S. Over the last two years, European governments and the European Union (EU) have grown increasingly alarmed by the rise of the Islamic State terrorist organization, its ability to attract European citizens to join the fighting in the Syria-Iraq region, and its use of violent extremist propaganda to inspire others.
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Economic Implications of a United Kingdom Exit from the European Union

Economic Implications of a United Kingdom Exit from the European Union

Date: July 14, 2016
Creator: Jackson, James K.; Akhtar, Shayerah I. & Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report provides an analysis of the possible economic implications for the United States and the global economy of an exit from the European Union (EU) by the United Kingdom (UK), commonly referred to as Brexit. It offers background information on possible implications of the vote to leave the EU, an overview of U.S.-UK trade and investment relations, and various estimates of Brexit's financial implications for the U.S. and global economies.
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The Economic Effects of Trade: Overview and Policy Challenges

The Economic Effects of Trade: Overview and Policy Challenges

Date: July 5, 2016
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report focuses on some of the major issues associated with trade and trade agreements and the impact of trade on the U.S. economy. Discussions of trade and trade agreements often focus on a number of issues, including the role that trade plays in the U.S. economy, the impact of trade agreements on employment gains and losses, and the size of the U.S. trade deficit.
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North American Leaders' Summit

North American Leaders' Summit

Date: July 5, 2016
Creator: Villarreal, M. A.
Description: This report discusses the 10th annual North American Leaders' Summit (NALS), in which Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau hosted President Barack Obama and Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
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Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: June 30, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report is divided into three major sections analyzing Cuba's political and economic environment, U.S. policy, and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations. Legislative initiatives in the 114th Congress are noted throughout the report, and four appendixes provide a listing of enacted measures, bills receiving some action in 2015, bills seeing action in 2016, and additional bills and resolution this Congress.
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After Brexit: A Diminished or Enhanced EU?

After Brexit: A Diminished or Enhanced EU?

Date: June 29, 2016
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report briefly discusses the United Kingdom's (UK's) "Brexit" vote and what it means for the future of the European Union.
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Possible Economic Impact of Brexit

Possible Economic Impact of Brexit

Date: June 28, 2016
Creator: Jackson, James K. & Akhtar, Shayerah I.
Description: This report briefly discusses the possible economic impact of a June 23, 2016 referendum in which a majority of British voters supported the United Kingdom (UK) leaving the European Union (EU), stunning global financial markets that expected the vote to fail.
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Iran's Foreign Policy

Iran's Foreign Policy

Date: June 27, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report provides an overview of Iran's foreign policy, which has been a subject of numerous congressional hearings and of sanctions and other legislation for many years. The report analyzes Iranian foreign policy as a whole and by region.
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Financing U.S. Agricultural Exports to Cuba

Financing U.S. Agricultural Exports to Cuba

Date: June 24, 2016
Creator: McMinimy, Mark A.
Description: This report discusses a new policy approach toward Cuba that, in part, seeks to reduce the role of long-standing U.S. sanctions on commercial relations with Cuba while also promoting greater engagement and normal relations with the island nation.
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United Kingdom Votes to Leave the European Union

United Kingdom Votes to Leave the European Union

Date: June 24, 2016
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report briefly examines the ramifications of a British exit from the EU (often referred to as "Brexit"). Nearly 52% of British voters in the June 23 referendum on European Union (EU) membership answered that the United Kingdom (UK) should leave the EU.
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The European Union: Current Challenges and Future Prospects

The European Union: Current Challenges and Future Prospects

Date: June 21, 2016
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report provides a brief history of the European Union (EU) and the major challenges currently confronting the EU as an institution. It also discusses the potential implications both for the EU itself and for U.S.-EU relations.
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Stafford Act Assistance and Acts of Terrorism

Stafford Act Assistance and Acts of Terrorism

Date: June 21, 2016
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of Stafford Act declarations under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act and the types of assistance they could authorize in response to terrorist incidents. This report also provides examples of Stafford Act declarations that have been issued for previous terrorist attacks.
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Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report is divided into three major sections analyzing Cuba's political and economic environment, U.S. policy, and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations.
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The United Kingdom and the European Union: Stay or Go?

The United Kingdom and the European Union: Stay or Go?

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report briefly discusses the British referendum regarding whether or not to remain in the European Union. The outcome of the referendum remains difficult to predict. Polling results have varied from week to week and continue to suggest a close race with a significant number of undecided voters. Some polls in mid-June have shown a late shift in favor of the Leave campaign.
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Venezuela: Background and U.S. Relations

Venezuela: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report examines the political and economic situation in Venezuela and U.S.-Venezuelan relations. It is divided into three main sections -- political background, current political and economic environment, U.S. relations and policy -- and also includes introductory and outlook information.
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State Sponsors of Acts of International Terrorism--Legislative Parameters: In Brief

State Sponsors of Acts of International Terrorism--Legislative Parameters: In Brief

Date: June 17, 2016
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E.
Description: This brief report provides information on legislation that authorizes the designation of any foreign government as a state sponsor of acts of international terrorism. It addresses how each statute defines acts of international terrorism; establishes a list to limit or prohibit aid or trade; provides for systematic removal of a foreign government from a list, including timeline and reporting requirements; authorizes the President to waive restrictions on a listed foreign government; and provides (or does not provide) Congress with a means to block a delisting. The report closes with a summary of delisting in the past.
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North American Leaders' Summit

North American Leaders' Summit

Date: June 16, 2016
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: This report discusses the North American Leaders' Summits (NALS), a trilateral summit that meets in effort to increase cooperation on broader economic and security issues between the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
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Orlando Nightclub Mass Shooting: Gun Checks and Terrorist Watchlists

Orlando Nightclub Mass Shooting: Gun Checks and Terrorist Watchlists

Date: June 16, 2016
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report discusses the policy climate surrounding gun control in the wake of the attack in an Orlando, Florida nightclub. On June 12, 2016, an armed assailant killed 49 people and wounded over 50 others in the club.
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The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): Key Provisions and Issues for Congress

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): Key Provisions and Issues for Congress

Date: June 14, 2016
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report discusses the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), which is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) among the United States and 11 Asia-Pacific countries. It examines the key provisions of the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), related policy and economic contexts, and issues of potential interest to Congress.
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The Islamic State's Acolytes and the Challenges They Pose to U.S. Law Enforcement

The Islamic State's Acolytes and the Challenges They Pose to U.S. Law Enforcement

Date: June 13, 2016
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.
Description: This report provides an analysis of publicly available information on homegrown violent jihadist activity in the United States since September 11, 2001, which suggests that the Islamic State (IS) and its acolytes may pose broad challenges to domestic law enforcement and homeland security efforts.
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Sifting Domestic Terrorism from Hate Crime and Homegrown Violent Extremism

Sifting Domestic Terrorism from Hate Crime and Homegrown Violent Extremism

Date: June 13, 2016
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.
Description: This report examines the differences between domestic terrorism, hate crime, and homegrown violent extremism. Federal law enforcement agencies use these three distinct concepts to categorize key types of criminals whose illegal activities are at least partly ideologically motivated.
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