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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Digital Surveillance: The Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act

Digital Surveillance: The Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act

Date: August 3, 2005
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: The Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (CALEA, P.L. 103- 414, 47 USC 1001-1010), enacted October 25, 1994, is intended to preserve the ability of law enforcement officials to conduct electronic surveillance effectively and efficiently despite the deployment of new digital technologies and wireless services that have altered the character of electronic surveillance. CALEA requires telecommunications carriers to modify their equipment, facilities, and services, wherever reasonably achievable, to ensure that they are able to comply with authorized electronic surveillance actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Digital Surveillance: The Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act

Digital Surveillance: The Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act

Date: May 10, 2006
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: The Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (CALEA, P.L. 103- 414, 47 USC 1001-1010), enacted October 25, 1994, is intended to preserve the ability of law enforcement officials to conduct electronic surveillance effectively and efficiently despite the deployment of new digital technologies and wireless services that have altered the character of electronic surveillance. CALEA requires telecommunications carriers to modify their equipment, facilities, and services, wherever reasonably achievable, to ensure that they are able to comply with authorized electronic surveillance actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Director of National Intelligence and Intelligence Analysis

The Director of National Intelligence and Intelligence Analysis

Date: February 11, 2005
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: The 9/11 Commission made a number of recommendations to improve the quality of intelligence analysis. A key recommendation was the establishment of a Director of National Intelligence (DNI) position to manage the national intelligence effort and serve as the principal intelligence adviser to the President — along with a separate director of the Central Intelligence Agency. Subsequently, the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004, P.L. 108-458, made the DNI the principal adviser to the President on intelligence and made the DNI responsible for coordinating communitywide intelligence estimates. Some observers note that separating the DNI from the analytical offices may complicate the overall analytical effort.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Director of National Intelligence: Statutory Authorities

Director of National Intelligence: Statutory Authorities

Date: April 11, 2005
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A; Cumming, Alfred & Masse, Todd M
Description: In passing the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (P.L. 108-458) in late 2004, Congress approved the most comprehensive reform of the U.S. Intelligence Community since its establishment over 50 years ago. Principal among enacted changes was the establishment of a new position of the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) to manage the Intelligence Community. Some observers have questioned whether the new statute provides the DNI the necessary authorities to effectively manage the Community.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Domestic Intelligence in the United Kingdom: Applicability of the MI-5 Model to the United States

Domestic Intelligence in the United Kingdom: Applicability of the MI-5 Model to the United States

Date: May 19, 2003
Creator: Masse, Todd M
Description: This paper summarizes pending legislation relating to domestic intelligence, briefly explains the jurisdiction and functions of MI-5, and describes some of the factors that may be relevant to a discussion regarding the applicability of the MI-5 domestic intelligence model to the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Encryption Export Controls

Encryption Export Controls

Date: January 11, 2001
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: This report discusses encryption export controls, beginning with background on the development and use of encryption, and continuing with a description of export controls imposed under the Arms Export Control Act (AECA) and the Export Administration Act (EAA); a discussion of recent federal court rulings in First Amendment challenges to AECA and EAA regulations; and a summary of 106th Congress legislation aimed at liberalizing law and policy affecting encryption exports.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Encryption Technology: Congressional Issues

Encryption Technology: Congressional Issues

Date: July 9, 1998
Creator: Nunno, Richard M
Description: This report discusses primarily, the controversy over encryption concerns what access the government should have to encrypted stored computer data or electronic communications (voice and data, wired and wireless) for law enforcement purposes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FBI Intelligence Reform Since September 11, 2001: Issues and Options for Congress

FBI Intelligence Reform Since September 11, 2001: Issues and Options for Congress

Date: August 4, 2004
Creator: Cumming, Alfred & Masse, Todd M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FBI Intelligence Reform Since September 11, 2001: Issues and Options for Congress

FBI Intelligence Reform Since September 11, 2001: Issues and Options for Congress

Date: April 6, 2004
Creator: Cumming, Alfred & Masse, Todd M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Bureau of Investigation and Terrorism Investigations

The Federal Bureau of Investigation and Terrorism Investigations

Date: April 24, 2013
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.
Description: This report provides background information on key elements of the FBI terrorism investigative process, based on publicly available information. This report sets forth possible considerations for Congress as it executes its oversight role, including the extent to which intelligence has been integrated into FBI operations to support its counterterrorism mission and the progress the Bureau has made on its intelligence reform initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department