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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Intelligence Reform Implementation at the Federal Bureau of Investigation: Issues and Options for Congress

Intelligence Reform Implementation at the Federal Bureau of Investigation: Issues and Options for Congress

Date: August 16, 2005
Creator: Cumming, Alfred & Masse, Todd M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Digital Surveillance: The Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act

Digital Surveillance: The Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act

Date: August 3, 2005
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: The Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (CALEA, P.L. 103- 414, 47 USC 1001-1010), enacted October 25, 1994, is intended to preserve the ability of law enforcement officials to conduct electronic surveillance effectively and efficiently despite the deployment of new digital technologies and wireless services that have altered the character of electronic surveillance. CALEA requires telecommunications carriers to modify their equipment, facilities, and services, wherever reasonably achievable, to ensure that they are able to comply with authorized electronic surveillance actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Libraries and the USA PATRIOT Act

Libraries and the USA PATRIOT Act

Date: July 6, 2005
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
USA PATRIOT Act Sunset: Provisions That Expire on December 31, 2005

USA PATRIOT Act Sunset: Provisions That Expire on December 31, 2005

Date: June 29, 2005
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence Issues for Congress

Intelligence Issues for Congress

Date: June 3, 2005
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence Issues for Congress

Intelligence Issues for Congress

Date: May 24, 2005
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The SAFE Acts of 2005:  H.R. 1526 and S. 737--A Sketch

The SAFE Acts of 2005: H.R. 1526 and S. 737--A Sketch

Date: May 9, 2005
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Security and Freedom Ensured Act (SAFE Act)(H.R. 1526) and Security and Freedom Enhancement Act (SAFE Act)(S. 737):  Section by Section Analysis

Security and Freedom Ensured Act (SAFE Act)(H.R. 1526) and Security and Freedom Enhancement Act (SAFE Act)(S. 737): Section by Section Analysis

Date: May 9, 2005
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence Issues for Congress

Intelligence Issues for Congress

Date: April 22, 2005
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A.
Description: To address the challenges facing the U.S. Intelligence Community in the 21st Century, congressional and executive branch initiatives have sought to improve coordination among the different agencies and to encourage better analysis. This report examines various issues faced by the Intelligence Community and relevant policy in the 109th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act: An Overview of the Statutory Framework and Recent Judicial Decisions

The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act: An Overview of the Statutory Framework and Recent Judicial Decisions

Date: April 21, 2005
Creator: Bazan, Elizabeth B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Director of National Intelligence: Statutory Authorities

Director of National Intelligence: Statutory Authorities

Date: April 11, 2005
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A; Cumming, Alfred & Masse, Todd M
Description: In passing the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (P.L. 108-458) in late 2004, Congress approved the most comprehensive reform of the U.S. Intelligence Community since its establishment over 50 years ago. Principal among enacted changes was the establishment of a new position of the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) to manage the Intelligence Community. Some observers have questioned whether the new statute provides the DNI the necessary authorities to effectively manage the Community.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence Issues for Congress

Intelligence Issues for Congress

Date: March 22, 2005
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Counterintelligence Reform at the Department of Energy: Policy Issues and Organizational Alternatives

Counterintelligence Reform at the Department of Energy: Policy Issues and Organizational Alternatives

Date: March 8, 2005
Creator: Cumming, Alfred
Description: Lapses in the Department of Energy’s (DOE) security and counterintelligence program have plagued DOE since 1977, when the Department was established through the merger of 40 government organizations, including the Energy Research and Development Administration and the Federal Energy Administration.1 Some policymakers expected the new agency to focus the government’s energy-related enterprises almost solely on the energy crisis. Others saw DOE as an unsuccessful attempt to fuse vastly diverse organizations, many with significantly different, if not conflicting missions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorist Financing: The 9/11 Commission Recommendation

Terrorist Financing: The 9/11 Commission Recommendation

Date: February 25, 2005
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report discusses the 9/11 Commission's recommendation that the U.S. government shift the focus of its efforts to counter terrorist financing from a strategy based on seizing terrorist assets to a strategy based on exploiting intelligence gathered from financial investigations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Programs: Issues for Congress

Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: February 22, 2005
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence Issues for Congress

Intelligence Issues for Congress

Date: February 17, 2005
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report discusses legislative initiatives to address the challenges facing the U.S. Intelligence Community in the 21st century. Growing concerns about transnational threats, especially terrorism, are leading to increasingly close cooperation between intelligence and law enforcement agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Director of National Intelligence and Intelligence Analysis

The Director of National Intelligence and Intelligence Analysis

Date: February 11, 2005
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: The 9/11 Commission made a number of recommendations to improve the quality of intelligence analysis. A key recommendation was the establishment of a Director of National Intelligence (DNI) position to manage the national intelligence effort and serve as the principal intelligence adviser to the President — along with a separate director of the Central Intelligence Agency. Subsequently, the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004, P.L. 108-458, made the DNI the principal adviser to the President on intelligence and made the DNI responsible for coordinating communitywide intelligence estimates. Some observers note that separating the DNI from the analytical offices may complicate the overall analytical effort.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence Issues for Congress

Intelligence Issues for Congress

Date: February 1, 2005
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
USA PATRIOT Act Sunset: Provisions That Expire on December 31, 2005

USA PATRIOT Act Sunset: Provisions That Expire on December 31, 2005

Date: January 27, 2005
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act: Selected Legislation from the 108th Congress

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act: Selected Legislation from the 108th Congress

Date: January 11, 2005
Creator: Bazan, Elizabeth B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Security Classification Policy and Procedure: E.O. 12958, as Amended

Security Classification Policy and Procedure: E.O. 12958, as Amended

Date: January 7, 2005
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004: "Lone Wolf" Amendment to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act

Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004: "Lone Wolf" Amendment to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act

Date: December 29, 2004
Creator: Bazan, Elizabeth B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence Issues for Congress

Intelligence Issues for Congress

Date: December 22, 2004
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Secrecy Versus Openness: New Proposed Arrangements for Balancing Competing Needs

Secrecy Versus Openness: New Proposed Arrangements for Balancing Competing Needs

Date: December 22, 2004
Creator: Relyea, Harold C.
Description: During the latter half of 2004, disputes arose over whether or not to declassify portions of the sensitive content of reports resulting from congressional investigations and national commission inquiries into the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the war in Iraq, and related matters. As a result, some called for Congress to create a special mechanism for the impartial and expeditious resolution of such disputes (S. 2672/H.R. 4855; S. 2845 amendment). This report discusses the culmination of one such effort at balancing legitimate competing needs for secrecy and openness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department