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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Patent Reform: Judicial Developments in Areas of Legislative Interest

Patent Reform: Judicial Developments in Areas of Legislative Interest

Date: January 5, 2011
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: This report reviews the relationship between Congress and the courts in patent reform. It begins by offering a summary of the patent system. The report then discusses a number of topics that have been the subject of both judicial and legislative consideration. The current state of the law is then contrasted with legislative reform proposals before previous Congresses. The report closes with observations concerning the subtle interaction between legislative, administrative, and judicial actors within the patent system and their impact upon the U.S. innovation environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Illegal Internet Streaming of Copyrighted Content: Legislation in the 112th Congress

Illegal Internet Streaming of Copyrighted Content: Legislation in the 112th Congress

Date: December 1, 2011
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report describes streaming technology, explains the disparity in criminal penalties for different forms of infringement committed by electronic means, analyzes legislation in the 112th Congress that would harmonize penalties for illegal streaming with those available for other forms of online copyright infringement, and summarizes arguments for and against such a legislative change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Geographical Indications and WTO Negotiations

Geographical Indications and WTO Negotiations

Date: July 14, 2003
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: This report discusses the issue of expanding intellectual property protections for geographical indications for wines, spirits, and agricultural products is being debated in the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intellectual Property Rights and International Trade

Intellectual Property Rights and International Trade

Date: October 20, 2008
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah & Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: This report discusses the different kinds of intellectual property rights (IPR); forms of IPR infringement; importance of IPR to the U.S. economy; estimated losses associated with IPR infringement; organizational structure of IPR protection in multilateral, regional, bilateral; U.S. government agencies involved with IPR and trade; and issues for Congress regarding IPR and international trade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Bayh-Dole Act: Selected Issues in Patent Policy and the Commercialization of Technology

The Bayh-Dole Act: Selected Issues in Patent Policy and the Commercialization of Technology

Date: November 16, 2010
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: Congressional interest in facilitating U.S. technological innovation led to the passage of P.L. 96-517, Amendments to the Patent and Trademark Act, commonly referred to as the "Bayh-Dole Act" after its two main sponsors former Senators Robert Dole and Birch Bayh. Under this 1980 law, as amended, title to inventions made with government support is provided to the contractor if that contractor is a small business, a university, or other non-profit institution. This report discusses the rationale behind the passage of P.L. 96-517, its provisions, and implementation of the law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Bayh-Dole Act: Selected Issues in Patent Policy and the Commercialization of Technology

The Bayh-Dole Act: Selected Issues in Patent Policy and the Commercialization of Technology

Date: December 3, 2012
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: Report that discusses the rationale behind the passage of P.L. 96-517, its provisions, and implementation of the law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mayo v. Prometheus: Implications for Patents, Biotechnology, and Personalized Medicine

Mayo v. Prometheus: Implications for Patents, Biotechnology, and Personalized Medicine

Date: November 6, 2012
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: Report that reviews the Supreme Court's 2012 Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Laboratories decision (wherein the court held that a patent claiming a method of optimizing therapies for autoimmune disease was invalid) and briefly consider its implications for innovation and public health.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Digital Rights" and Fair Use in Copyright Law

"Digital Rights" and Fair Use in Copyright Law

Date: March 24, 2003
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: This report examines judicial case law which has considered the doctrine of fair use in relation to the First Amendment, the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, and as a means of protecting private, noncommercial use of digital music and film by consumers. It concludes that when the potential to infringe is great, as it almost always will be in a digital environment, the courts have not been willing to expand fair use to encompass subsidiary uses such as time shifting, space shifting, or personal noncommercial use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Examination of the Issues Surrounding Biotechnology Patenting and Its Effect Upon Entrepreneurial Companies

An Examination of the Issues Surrounding Biotechnology Patenting and Its Effect Upon Entrepreneurial Companies

Date: August 31, 2000
Creator: Thomas, John R
Description: The biotechnology industry is notable both for its heavy concentration of small businesses and its weighty research and development (R&D) expenditures. Given the small size and heavy expenses of many biotechnology firms, their ability to raise venture capital may be of some consequence. The patent law has been identified as a facilitator of these R&D financing efforts. Congress may choose to exercise oversight on these issues. Such consideration would likely include examination of U.S. commitments in international agreements along with other factors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Safe Harbor for Service Providers Under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act

Safe Harbor for Service Providers Under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act

Date: January 9, 2004
Creator: Yeh, Brian T & Jeweler, Robin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department