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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The GATT and the WTO: An Overview

The GATT and the WTO: An Overview

Date: March 27, 1995
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: The Uruguay Round Agreement reduced tariffs, brought services, intellectual property, and agriculture under the discipline of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, and established the World Trade Organization. Multilateral trade issues for the future include continuing services negotiations, the relationship of the environment and labor standards to trade, and investment and competition policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Google Library Project: Is Digitization for Purposes of Online Indexing Fair Use Under Copyright Law?

The Google Library Project: Is Digitization for Purposes of Online Indexing Fair Use Under Copyright Law?

Date: July 6, 2009
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: The Google Book Search Library Project, announced in December 2004, raised important questions about infringing reproduction and fair use under copyright law. Google planned to digitize, index, and display "snippets" of print books in the collections of five major libraries without the permission of the books' copyright holders, if any. Google's proposed reproduction and display of copyrighted books was not authorized by the rights holders, who alleged that the Google Library Project infringed their copyrights. This report provides background on the Library Project, legal issues raised by digitization and indexing projects, and the proposed settlement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Open Access Publishing and Citatation Archives: Background and Controversy

Open Access Publishing and Citatation Archives: Background and Controversy

Date: June 22, 2006
Creator: Knezo, Genevieve J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Digital Rights" and Fair Use in Copyright Law

"Digital Rights" and Fair Use in Copyright Law

Date: March 24, 2003
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: This report examines judicial case law which has considered the doctrine of fair use in relation to the First Amendment, the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, and as a means of protecting private, noncommercial use of digital music and film by consumers. It concludes that when the potential to infringe is great, as it almost always will be in a digital environment, the courts have not been willing to expand fair use to encompass subsidiary uses such as time shifting, space shifting, or personal noncommercial use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patent Reform: Issues in the Biomedical and Software Industries

Patent Reform: Issues in the Biomedical and Software Industries

Date: April 7, 2006
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Geographical Indications and WTO Negotiations

Geographical Indications and WTO Negotiations

Date: July 14, 2003
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: This report discusses the issue of expanding intellectual property protections for geographical indications for wines, spirits, and agricultural products is being debated in the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Genetically Engineered Soybeans: Acceptance and Intellectual Property Rights Issues in South America

Genetically Engineered Soybeans: Acceptance and Intellectual Property Rights Issues in South America

Date: October 17, 2003
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report discusses issues regarding genetically engineered soybeans in South America. U.S. soybean growers and trade officials charge that Argentina and Brazil–the United States’ two major export competitors in international soybean markets–gain an unfair trade advantage by routinely saving genetically-engineered (GE), Roundup Ready (RR) soybean seeds from the previous harvest (a practice prohibited in the United States) for planting in subsequent years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Copyright Law: Legalizing Home Taping of Audio and Video Recordings

Copyright Law: Legalizing Home Taping of Audio and Video Recordings

Date: July 8, 1982
Creator: Wallace Jr., Paul S
Description: Various Members of Congress have proposed amendments to the Copyright Act that would provide a blanket exemption for noncommercial home audio and video off-air recording. The major thrust of the copyright owners' opposing position is if you cannot protect what you own, or at least receive some compensation for its use, you own nothing. This is countered by those who feel the purpose of the copyright law is to promote broad public availability of artistic products and when the copyright owners decide to use the distribution mechanism of the public airwaves, they have to accept the premises of the public airwaves.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patenting Life

Patenting Life

Date: February 24, 1988
Creator: Taylor, Sarah E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bioterrorism Countermeasure Development: Issues in Patents and Homeland Security

Bioterrorism Countermeasure Development: Issues in Patents and Homeland Security

Date: January 17, 2006
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H & Thomas, John R
Description: Congressional interest in the development of bioterrorism countermeasures remains strong, even after passage of legislation establishing Project BioShield. In the 109th Congress, several bills have been introduced, including S. 3, the Protecting America in the War on Terror Act, S. 975, the Project Bioshield II Act, and S. 1873, the Biodefense and Pandemic Vaccine and Drug Development Act, that would generate additional incentives for the creation of new technologies to counteract potential biological threats. These bills propose reforms to current policies and practices associated with intellectual property, particularly patents, and the marketing of pharmaceuticals and related products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department