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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Protecting Noncreative Databases: Bills Before the 108th Congress

Protecting Noncreative Databases: Bills Before the 108th Congress

Date: April 6, 2004
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Protecting Noncreative Databases: H.R. 3261, 108th Congress, First Session (2003)

Protecting Noncreative Databases: H.R. 3261, 108th Congress, First Session (2003)

Date: January 29, 2004
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Qui Tam: An Abbreviated Look at the False Claims Act and Related Federal Statutes

Qui Tam: An Abbreviated Look at the False Claims Act and Related Federal Statutes

Date: August 6, 2009
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This is a brief discussion of the constitutional questions raised by qui tam provisions; of the history of such provisions; and of the three existing, active federal qui tam statutes--the False Claims Act, 31 U.S.C. 3729-3733; the false marking patent statute, 35 U.S.C. 292; and the Indian protection provisions of 25 U.S.C. 201.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of the "Patent Trolls" Debate

An Overview of the "Patent Trolls" Debate

Date: August 20, 2012
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report reviews the current debate and controversy surrounding "patent assertion entities" (PAEs) and their effect on innovation, examines the reasons for the rise in PAE litigation, and explores the legislative options available to Congress if it decides that these are issues that should be addressed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patenting Life

Patenting Life

Date: February 24, 1988
Creator: Taylor, Sarah E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Google Book Search Project: Is Online Indexing a Fair Use Under Copyright Law?

The Google Book Search Project: Is Online Indexing a Fair Use Under Copyright Law?

Date: December 28, 2005
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: This report provides background on the pending litigation. Google, Inc. is digitally scanning the collections of several prominent libraries in order to create a vast searchable database of literary works. Copyright holders who have not authorized and object to the digitization have filed suit against the company.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patents and Drug Importation

Patents and Drug Importation

Date: June 1, 2007
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: This report explores the intellectual property laws and policies concerning the parallel importation of patented pharmaceuticals into the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patents and Drug Importation

Patents and Drug Importation

Date: May 25, 2004
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: This report explores the intellectual property laws and policies concerning the parallel importation of patented pharmaceuticals into the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patents and Drug Importation

Patents and Drug Importation

Date: January 17, 2007
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: This report explores the intellectual property laws and policies concerning the parallel importation of patented pharmaceuticals into the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Availability of Injunctive Relief for Standard-Essential Patent Holders

Availability of Injunctive Relief for Standard-Essential Patent Holders

Date: January 10, 2013
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report provides an overview of the current debate over whether a holder of a patent essential to an industry standard, who has promised to license such patented technology on fair, reasonable, and non-discriminatory (FRAND) terms, may nevertheless obtain an injunction from a federal court or an exclusion order from the International Trade Commission against infringing products that implement the industry standard. The report first summarizes several fundamental principles of patent law, then discusses the relationship between standard-setting organizations and FRAND licensing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
New York Times Co. v. Tasini: The U.S. Supreme Court Affirms “Authorial” Rights in Copyright

New York Times Co. v. Tasini: The U.S. Supreme Court Affirms “Authorial” Rights in Copyright

Date: July 13, 2001
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: This report examines the U.S. Supreme Court’s opinion in New York Times Co. v. Tasini. This case considers whether, under the U.S. Copyright Act, 17 U.S.C. § 201(c), publishers are “privileged” to include the copyrighted articles of freelance authors in an electronic database.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What's on Television? The Intersection of Communications and Copyright Policies

What's on Television? The Intersection of Communications and Copyright Policies

Date: April 20, 2016
Creator: Scherer, Dana A.
Description: This report discusses how the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), Congress, and the courts have overseen the rise of the internet by applying a combination of communications and copyright laws to regulate the distribution of television programming.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patent Reform: Judicial Developments in Areas of Legislative Interest

Patent Reform: Judicial Developments in Areas of Legislative Interest

Date: January 5, 2011
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: This report reviews the relationship between Congress and the courts in patent reform. It begins by offering a summary of the patent system. The report then discusses a number of topics that have been the subject of both judicial and legislative consideration. The current state of the law is then contrasted with legislative reform proposals before previous Congresses. The report closes with observations concerning the subtle interaction between legislative, administrative, and judicial actors within the patent system and their impact upon the U.S. innovation environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Illegal Internet Streaming of Copyrighted Content: Legislation in the 112th Congress

Illegal Internet Streaming of Copyrighted Content: Legislation in the 112th Congress

Date: December 1, 2011
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report describes streaming technology, explains the disparity in criminal penalties for different forms of infringement committed by electronic means, analyzes legislation in the 112th Congress that would harmonize penalties for illegal streaming with those available for other forms of online copyright infringement, and summarizes arguments for and against such a legislative change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
American Inventors Protection Act of 1999

American Inventors Protection Act of 1999

Date: February 28, 2000
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V.
Description: After several years of consideration, on Friday, November 19, 1999, Congress gave final approval to a bill which makes major changes to the patent laws. On this day the Senate passed the American Inventors Protection Act of 1999 as part of the Intellectual Property and Communications Omnibus Reform Act of 1999, attached by reference to the Consolidated Appropriations Act for Fiscal Year 2000. This report summarizes major provisions of the patent reform bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Copyright Term Extension: Estimating the Economic Values

Copyright Term Extension: Estimating the Economic Values

Date: May 11, 1998
Creator: Rappaport, Edward
Description: This report considers proposals to extend the duration of copyrights by 20 years (as in H.R. 2589 and other bills) and related proposals to charge a fee to the owners in order to receive the extension. The method of analysis is economic rather than legal. The report reviews the basic economic principals involved in copyright law and gives rough estimates of the value of copyrights on books, music, and movies produced in the 1920s and 1930s — those that would be most immediately affected by an extension of copyright terms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Geographical Indications and WTO Negotiations

Geographical Indications and WTO Negotiations

Date: July 14, 2003
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: This report discusses the issue of expanding intellectual property protections for geographical indications for wines, spirits, and agricultural products is being debated in the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intellectual Property Rights and International Trade

Intellectual Property Rights and International Trade

Date: October 20, 2008
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah & Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: This report discusses the different kinds of intellectual property rights (IPR); forms of IPR infringement; importance of IPR to the U.S. economy; estimated losses associated with IPR infringement; organizational structure of IPR protection in multilateral, regional, bilateral; U.S. government agencies involved with IPR and trade; and issues for Congress regarding IPR and international trade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Bayh-Dole Act: Selected Issues in Patent Policy and the Commercialization of Technology

The Bayh-Dole Act: Selected Issues in Patent Policy and the Commercialization of Technology

Date: November 16, 2010
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: Congressional interest in facilitating U.S. technological innovation led to the passage of P.L. 96-517, Amendments to the Patent and Trademark Act, commonly referred to as the "Bayh-Dole Act" after its two main sponsors former Senators Robert Dole and Birch Bayh. Under this 1980 law, as amended, title to inventions made with government support is provided to the contractor if that contractor is a small business, a university, or other non-profit institution. This report discusses the rationale behind the passage of P.L. 96-517, its provisions, and implementation of the law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Bayh-Dole Act: Selected Issues in Patent Policy and the Commercialization of Technology

The Bayh-Dole Act: Selected Issues in Patent Policy and the Commercialization of Technology

Date: December 3, 2012
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: Report that discusses the rationale behind the passage of P.L. 96-517, its provisions, and implementation of the law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mayo v. Prometheus: Implications for Patents, Biotechnology, and Personalized Medicine

Mayo v. Prometheus: Implications for Patents, Biotechnology, and Personalized Medicine

Date: November 6, 2012
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: Report that reviews the Supreme Court's 2012 Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Laboratories decision (wherein the court held that a patent claiming a method of optimizing therapies for autoimmune disease was invalid) and briefly consider its implications for innovation and public health.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Digital Rights" and Fair Use in Copyright Law

"Digital Rights" and Fair Use in Copyright Law

Date: March 24, 2003
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: This report examines judicial case law which has considered the doctrine of fair use in relation to the First Amendment, the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, and as a means of protecting private, noncommercial use of digital music and film by consumers. It concludes that when the potential to infringe is great, as it almost always will be in a digital environment, the courts have not been willing to expand fair use to encompass subsidiary uses such as time shifting, space shifting, or personal noncommercial use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Examination of the Issues Surrounding Biotechnology Patenting and Its Effect Upon Entrepreneurial Companies

An Examination of the Issues Surrounding Biotechnology Patenting and Its Effect Upon Entrepreneurial Companies

Date: August 31, 2000
Creator: Thomas, John R
Description: The biotechnology industry is notable both for its heavy concentration of small businesses and its weighty research and development (R&D) expenditures. Given the small size and heavy expenses of many biotechnology firms, their ability to raise venture capital may be of some consequence. The patent law has been identified as a facilitator of these R&D financing efforts. Congress may choose to exercise oversight on these issues. Such consideration would likely include examination of U.S. commitments in international agreements along with other factors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Safe Harbor for Service Providers Under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act

Safe Harbor for Service Providers Under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act

Date: January 9, 2004
Creator: Yeh, Brian T & Jeweler, Robin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department