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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Google Library Project: Is Digitization for Purposes of Online Indexing Fair Use Under Copyright Law?

The Google Library Project: Is Digitization for Purposes of Online Indexing Fair Use Under Copyright Law?

Date: November 27, 2009
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: In December 2004, Google announced its Library Project, which was to entail digitizing, indexing, and displaying "snippets" of print books in the collections of five major libraries, among other things. The Library Project was not limited to books in the public domain (e.g., books whose terms of copyright protection had expired), and Google did not seek the permission of copyright holders, in part, because it asserted that its proposed uses were fair uses. Many authors, publishers, and other rights holders disagreed. This report provides background on the Library Project, legal issues raised by digitization and indexing projects, and the status of the litigation over the Library Project.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Google Library Project: Is Digitization for Purposes of Online Indexing Fair Use Under Copyright Law?

The Google Library Project: Is Digitization for Purposes of Online Indexing Fair Use Under Copyright Law?

Date: July 6, 2009
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: The Google Book Search Library Project, announced in December 2004, raised important questions about infringing reproduction and fair use under copyright law. Google planned to digitize, index, and display "snippets" of print books in the collections of five major libraries without the permission of the books' copyright holders, if any. Google's proposed reproduction and display of copyrighted books was not authorized by the rights holders, who alleged that the Google Library Project infringed their copyrights. This report provides background on the Library Project, legal issues raised by digitization and indexing projects, and the proposed settlement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
H.R. 1417: The Copyright Royalty and Distribution Reform Act of 2004

H.R. 1417: The Copyright Royalty and Distribution Reform Act of 2004

Date: March 8, 2004
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
H.R. 1417: The Copyright Royalty and Distribution Reform Act of 2004

H.R. 1417: The Copyright Royalty and Distribution Reform Act of 2004

Date: April 22, 2004
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Illegal Internet Streaming of Copyrighted Content: Legislation in the 112th Congress

Illegal Internet Streaming of Copyrighted Content: Legislation in the 112th Congress

Date: December 1, 2011
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report describes streaming technology, explains the disparity in criminal penalties for different forms of infringement committed by electronic means, analyzes legislation in the 112th Congress that would harmonize penalties for illegal streaming with those available for other forms of online copyright infringement, and summarizes arguments for and against such a legislative change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Influenza Antiviral Drugs and Patent Law Issues

Influenza Antiviral Drugs and Patent Law Issues

Date: November 18, 2005
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report identifies and analyzes the patent law aspects of the current avian influenza drug situation. First, the report explains the role that patent rights have played in affecting the availability of Tamiflu. Second, the report examines options for increasing the drug’s production, including the possibility of governments abrogating Roche’s patent rights by issuing compulsory licenses to other drug companies to manufacture generic versions of Tamiflu without Roche’s consent.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Innovation and Intellectual Property Issues in Homeland Security

Innovation and Intellectual Property Issues in Homeland Security

Date: January 17, 2007
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: This report examines concerns that patents, trade secrets or other intellectual rights may impede the prompt, widespread and cost-effective distribution of innovations that promote homeland security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Innovation and Intellectual Property Issues in Homeland Security

Innovation and Intellectual Property Issues in Homeland Security

Date: January 17, 2008
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: This report examines concerns that patents, trade secrets or other intellectual rights may impede the prompt, widespread and cost-effective distribution of innovations that promote homeland security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intellectual Property and the Free Trade Agreements: Innovation Policy Issues

Intellectual Property and the Free Trade Agreements: Innovation Policy Issues

Date: December 21, 2005
Creator: Thomas, John R
Description: This report discusses Free Trade Agreements (FTA) with Australia, Chile, Singapore, and other trading partners in respect to copyrights, data protection, patents, trademarks, and other forms of intellectual property.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intellectual Property, Computer Software and the Open Source Movement

Intellectual Property, Computer Software and the Open Source Movement

Date: March 11, 2004
Creator: Thomas, John R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intellectual Property in Industrial Designs: Issues in Innovation and Competition

Intellectual Property in Industrial Designs: Issues in Innovation and Competition

Date: July 1, 2008
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: This report identifies several current issues relating to intellectual property in industrial designs. It begins by describing the different sorts of intellectual property protection that apply to industrial designs. The report then identifies current issues at the interface between intellectual property and industrial designs. The report closes by reviewing the impact that sui generis rights regimes may have upon innovation and competition in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intellectual Property in Industrial Designs: Issues in Innovation and Competition

Intellectual Property in Industrial Designs: Issues in Innovation and Competition

Date: January 5, 2011
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: Report that identifies several current issues relating to intellectual property in industrial designs. It describes the different sorts of intellectual property protection that apply to industrial designs, and identifies current issues at the interface between intellectual property and industrial designs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intellectual Property Protection for Noncreative Databases

Intellectual Property Protection for Noncreative Databases

Date: September 15, 1999
Creator: Schrader, Dorothy & Jeweler, Robin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intellectual Property Provisions of the GATT 1994: "The TRIPS Agreement"

Intellectual Property Provisions of the GATT 1994: "The TRIPS Agreement"

Date: March 16, 1994
Creator: Schrader, Dorothy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intellectual Property Rights and Access to Medicines: International Trade Issues

Intellectual Property Rights and Access to Medicines: International Trade Issues

Date: May 28, 2009
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah
Description: This report focuses on the relationship between intellectual property right (IPR) provisions in international and U.S. trade policy and access to medicines. This issue represents one component of a broader debate about the relationship between trade policy and public health.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intellectual Property Rights and International Trade

Intellectual Property Rights and International Trade

Date: July 23, 2008
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah & Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: This report discusses the different kinds of intellectual property rights (IPR); forms of IPR infringement; importance of IPR to the U.S. economy; estimated losses associated with IPR infringement; organizational structure of IPR protection in multilateral, regional, bilateral; U.S. government agencies involved with IPR and trade; and issues for Congress regarding IPR and international trade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intellectual Property Rights and International Trade

Intellectual Property Rights and International Trade

Date: October 20, 2008
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah & Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: This report discusses the different kinds of intellectual property rights (IPR); forms of IPR infringement; importance of IPR to the U.S. economy; estimated losses associated with IPR infringement; organizational structure of IPR protection in multilateral, regional, bilateral; U.S. government agencies involved with IPR and trade; and issues for Congress regarding IPR and international trade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intellectual Property Rights Violations: Federal Civil Remedies and Criminal Penalties Related to Copyrights, Trademarks, and Patents

Intellectual Property Rights Violations: Federal Civil Remedies and Criminal Penalties Related to Copyrights, Trademarks, and Patents

Date: March 7, 2013
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report provides information describing the federal civil remedies and criminal penalties that may be available as a consequence of violations of the federal intellectual property laws: the Copyright Act of 1976, the Patent Act of 1952, and the Trademark Act of 1946 (conventionally known as the Lanham Act).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intellectual Property Rights Violations: Federal Civil Remedies and Criminal Penalties Related to Copyrights, Trademarks, and Patents

Intellectual Property Rights Violations: Federal Civil Remedies and Criminal Penalties Related to Copyrights, Trademarks, and Patents

Date: October 31, 2008
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report provides information describing the federal civil remedies and criminal penalties that may be available as a consequence of violations of the federal intellectual property laws: the Copyright Act of 1976, the Patent Act of 1952, and the Trademark Act of 1946 (conventionally known as the Lanham Act).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Jurisprudence of Justice John Paul Stevens: Selected Opinions on Intellectual Property Law

The Jurisprudence of Justice John Paul Stevens: Selected Opinions on Intellectual Property Law

Date: May 14, 2010
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report briefly surveys decisions of retiring Justice John Paul Stevens in intellectual property cases. An examination of Justice Stevens' written opinions relating to intellectual property law reveals a strong desire to ensure that the rights of intellectual property creators are balanced with the rights of the public to access creative and innovative works.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Legal Analysis of S. 968, the PROTECT IP Act

A Legal Analysis of S. 968, the PROTECT IP Act

Date: July 7, 2011
Creator: Yeh, Brian T. & Miller, Jonathan
Description: This report discusses the legality of S. 968, the Preventing Real Online Threats to Economic Creativity and Theft of Intellectual Property Act (PROTECT IP Act). It is related to the Combating Online Infringement and Counterfeits Act (COICA), which was approved by the Senate Judiciary Committee, but not enacted by the full Senate before the end of the 111th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mayo v. Prometheus: Implications for Patents, Biotechnology, and Personalized Medicine

Mayo v. Prometheus: Implications for Patents, Biotechnology, and Personalized Medicine

Date: November 6, 2012
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: Report that reviews the Supreme Court's 2012 Mayo Collaborative Services v. Prometheus Laboratories decision (wherein the court held that a patent claiming a method of optimizing therapies for autoimmune disease was invalid) and briefly consider its implications for innovation and public health.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
New York Times Co. v. Tasini: The U.S. Supreme Court Affirms “Authorial” Rights in Copyright

New York Times Co. v. Tasini: The U.S. Supreme Court Affirms “Authorial” Rights in Copyright

Date: July 13, 2001
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: This report examines the U.S. Supreme Court’s opinion in New York Times Co. v. Tasini. This case considers whether, under the U.S. Copyright Act, 17 U.S.C. § 201(c), publishers are “privileged” to include the copyrighted articles of freelance authors in an electronic database.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Online Copyright Infringement and Counterfeiting: Legislation in the 112th Congress

Online Copyright Infringement and Counterfeiting: Legislation in the 112th Congress

Date: January 10, 2012
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: The global nature of the Internet offers expanded commercial opportunities for intellectual property (IP) rights holders but also increases the potential for copyright and trademark infringement. This report discusses the following recent draconian legislation in regard to this topic: the Preventing Real Online Threats to Economic Creativity and Theft of Intellectual Property Act (PROTECT IP Act); the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA); and the Online Protection and Enforcement of Digital Trade Act (OPEN Act).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department