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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Biotechnology, Indigenous Peoples, and Intellectual Property Rights

Biotechnology, Indigenous Peoples, and Intellectual Property Rights

Date: April 16, 1993
Creator: Axt, Josephie R; Lee, Margaret Mikyung & Ackerman, David M
Description: This report examines intellectual property right in pharmaceuticals in a particular context, namely, medicinal products and processes derived from the biodiversity resources of areas inhabited by indigenous peoples. This report discusses the international law regarding intellectual property rights in traditional knowledge and the American laws regarding traditional knowledge.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Scientific Research and the Experimental Use Privilege in Patent Law

Scientific Research and the Experimental Use Privilege in Patent Law

Date: October 28, 2004
Creator: Thomas, John R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bioterrorism Countermeasure Development: Issues in Patents and Homeland Security

Bioterrorism Countermeasure Development: Issues in Patents and Homeland Security

Date: May 6, 2005
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H & Thomas, John R
Description: In the 109th Congress, several bills have been introduced, including S. 3, the Protecting America in the War on Terror Act, and S. 975, the Project Bioshield II Act, that would generate additional incentives for the creation of new technologies to counteract potential biological threats. These bills propose reforms to current policies and practices associated with intellectual property, particularly patents, and the marketing of pharmaceuticals and related products. This report includes patents and innovation, the role of patents in pharmaceutical/biomedical R&D, legislative developments and proposals for change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patent Reform: Issues in the Biomedical and Software Industries

Patent Reform: Issues in the Biomedical and Software Industries

Date: April 7, 2006
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Influenza Antiviral Drugs and Patent Law Issues

Influenza Antiviral Drugs and Patent Law Issues

Date: November 18, 2005
Creator: Yeh, Brian T
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Copyright Protection of Digital Television:  The "Broadcast Flag"

Copyright Protection of Digital Television: The "Broadcast Flag"

Date: May 11, 2005
Creator: Welborn, Angie A
Description: This report addresses the adoption of a “broadcast flag” system by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to protect digital television (DTV) broadcasts from unauthorized redistribution. The report also addresses the recent decision of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit reversing and vacating the FCC’s broadcast flag report and order.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Google Library Project: Is Digitization for Purposes of Online Indexing Fair Use Under Copyright Law?

The Google Library Project: Is Digitization for Purposes of Online Indexing Fair Use Under Copyright Law?

Date: July 6, 2009
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: The Google Book Search Library Project, announced in December 2004, raised important questions about infringing reproduction and fair use under copyright law. Google planned to digitize, index, and display "snippets" of print books in the collections of five major libraries without the permission of the books' copyright holders, if any. Google's proposed reproduction and display of copyrighted books was not authorized by the rights holders, who alleged that the Google Library Project infringed their copyrights. This report provides background on the Library Project, legal issues raised by digitization and indexing projects, and the proposed settlement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The GATT and the WTO: An Overview

The GATT and the WTO: An Overview

Date: March 27, 1995
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: The Uruguay Round Agreement reduced tariffs, brought services, intellectual property, and agriculture under the discipline of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, and established the World Trade Organization. Multilateral trade issues for the future include continuing services negotiations, the relationship of the environment and labor standards to trade, and investment and competition policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Follow-On Biologics: Intellectual Property and Innovation Issues

Follow-On Biologics: Intellectual Property and Innovation Issues

Date: October 31, 2008
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H. & Thomas, John R.
Description: This report reviews doctrinal and policy issues pertaining to follow-on biologics. The report first introduces the application of federal food and drug legislation to follow-on biologics. It next turns to the patent implications of marketing follow-on biologics. Following this review of substantive law, the remainder of the report introduces innovation policy issues pertaining to follow-on biologics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intellectual Property Rights Violations: Federal Civil Remedies and Criminal Penalties Related to Copyrights, Trademarks, and Patents

Intellectual Property Rights Violations: Federal Civil Remedies and Criminal Penalties Related to Copyrights, Trademarks, and Patents

Date: March 7, 2013
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report provides information describing the federal civil remedies and criminal penalties that may be available as a consequence of violations of the federal intellectual property laws: the Copyright Act of 1976, the Patent Act of 1952, and the Trademark Act of 1946 (conventionally known as the Lanham Act).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department