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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Copyright Doctrine of Fair Use and the Internet: Caselaw

The Copyright Doctrine of Fair Use and the Internet: Caselaw

Date: March 30, 2000
Creator: Weimer, Douglas R.
Description: This report examines the evolving copyright doctrine of fair use within the context of copyrighted works published or placed on the Internet. American courts have been examining the various property rights of copyright owners concurrently with the unauthorized use of these copyrighted materials by Web site operators, Internet consumers, access providers, and other interested parties. This report analyzes the early fair use copyright cases concerning Internet use, as well as the most recent judicial interpretations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Examination of the Issues Surrounding Biotechnology Patenting and Its Effect Upon Entrepreneurial Companies

An Examination of the Issues Surrounding Biotechnology Patenting and Its Effect Upon Entrepreneurial Companies

Date: August 31, 2000
Creator: Thomas, John R
Description: The biotechnology industry is notable both for its heavy concentration of small businesses and its weighty research and development (R&D) expenditures. Given the small size and heavy expenses of many biotechnology firms, their ability to raise venture capital may be of some consequence. The patent law has been identified as a facilitator of these R&D financing efforts. Congress may choose to exercise oversight on these issues. Such consideration would likely include examination of U.S. commitments in international agreements along with other factors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
R&D Partnerships and Intellectual Property: Implications for U.S. Policy

R&D Partnerships and Intellectual Property: Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: December 6, 2000
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patent Ownership and Federal Research and Development (R and D): A Discussion on the Bayh-Dole Act and the Stevenson-Wydler Act

Patent Ownership and Federal Research and Development (R and D): A Discussion on the Bayh-Dole Act and the Stevenson-Wydler Act

Date: December 11, 2000
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
New York Times Co. v. Tasini: The U.S. Supreme Court Affirms “Authorial” Rights in Copyright

New York Times Co. v. Tasini: The U.S. Supreme Court Affirms “Authorial” Rights in Copyright

Date: July 13, 2001
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: This report examines the U.S. Supreme Court’s opinion in New York Times Co. v. Tasini. This case considers whether, under the U.S. Copyright Act, 17 U.S.C. § 201(c), publishers are “privileged” to include the copyrighted articles of freelance authors in an electronic database.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fair Use on the Internet

Fair Use on the Internet

Date: May 21, 2002
Creator: Jennings, Christopher Alan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Copyright Term Extension: Eldred v. Ashcroft

Copyright Term Extension: Eldred v. Ashcroft

Date: February 14, 2003
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: This report examines the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in Eldred v. Ashcroft. Plaintiffs/Petitioners challenged the constitutionality under the Copyright Clause of a law adding 20 years to the terms of existing and future copyrights. The law was upheld by both the U.S. district court and the court of appeals considering it. Among the questions before the Supreme Court was whether Congress may retrospectively extend the term of copyright for existing copyrights; and, what role and impact, if any, does the First Amendment have in determining the validity of a congressional extension of copyright terms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Digital Rights" and Fair Use in Copyright Law

"Digital Rights" and Fair Use in Copyright Law

Date: March 24, 2003
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: This report examines judicial case law which has considered the doctrine of fair use in relation to the First Amendment, the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, and as a means of protecting private, noncommercial use of digital music and film by consumers. It concludes that when the potential to infringe is great, as it almost always will be in a digital environment, the courts have not been willing to expand fair use to encompass subsidiary uses such as time shifting, space shifting, or personal noncommercial use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Geographical Indications and WTO Negotiations

Geographical Indications and WTO Negotiations

Date: July 14, 2003
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: This report discusses the issue of expanding intellectual property protections for geographical indications for wines, spirits, and agricultural products is being debated in the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Genetically Engineered Soybeans: Acceptance and Intellectual Property Rights Issues in South America

Genetically Engineered Soybeans: Acceptance and Intellectual Property Rights Issues in South America

Date: October 17, 2003
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report discusses issues regarding genetically engineered soybeans in South America. U.S. soybean growers and trade officials charge that Argentina and Brazil–the United States’ two major export competitors in international soybean markets–gain an unfair trade advantage by routinely saving genetically-engineered (GE), Roundup Ready (RR) soybean seeds from the previous harvest (a practice prohibited in the United States) for planting in subsequent years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department