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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Google Library Project: Is Digitization for Purposes of Online Indexing Fair Use Under Copyright Law?

The Google Library Project: Is Digitization for Purposes of Online Indexing Fair Use Under Copyright Law?

Date: November 27, 2009
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: In December 2004, Google announced its Library Project, which was to entail digitizing, indexing, and displaying "snippets" of print books in the collections of five major libraries, among other things. The Library Project was not limited to books in the public domain (e.g., books whose terms of copyright protection had expired), and Google did not seek the permission of copyright holders, in part, because it asserted that its proposed uses were fair uses. Many authors, publishers, and other rights holders disagreed. This report provides background on the Library Project, legal issues raised by digitization and indexing projects, and the status of the litigation over the Library Project.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Follow-On Biologics: Intellectual Property and Innovation Issues

Follow-On Biologics: Intellectual Property and Innovation Issues

Date: August 3, 2009
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H. & Thomas, John R.
Description: This report reviews doctrinal and policy issues pertaining to follow-on biologics. The report first introduces the application of federal food and drug legislation to follow-on biologics. It next turns to the patent implications of marketing follow-on biologics. Following this review of substantive law, the remainder of the report introduces innovation policy issues pertaining to follow-on biologics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Qui Tam: An Abbreviated Look at the False Claims Act and Related Federal Statutes

Qui Tam: An Abbreviated Look at the False Claims Act and Related Federal Statutes

Date: August 6, 2009
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This is a brief discussion of the constitutional questions raised by qui tam provisions; of the history of such provisions; and of the three existing, active federal qui tam statutes--the False Claims Act, 31 U.S.C. 3729-3733; the false marking patent statute, 35 U.S.C. 292; and the Indian protection provisions of 25 U.S.C. 201.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intellectual Property Rights and Access to Medicines: International Trade Issues

Intellectual Property Rights and Access to Medicines: International Trade Issues

Date: May 28, 2009
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah
Description: This report focuses on the relationship between intellectual property right (IPR) provisions in international and U.S. trade policy and access to medicines. This issue represents one component of a broader debate about the relationship between trade policy and public health.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Patent Reform in the 111th Congress: Innovation Issues

Patent Reform in the 111th Congress: Innovation Issues

Date: April 9, 2009
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H. & John R. Thomas
Description: This study provides an overview of current patent reform issues. It begins by offering a summary of the structure of the current patent system and the role of patents in innovation policy. The report then reviews some of the broader issues and concerns, including patent quality, the high costs of patent litigation, international harmonization, and speculation in patents, that have motivated these diverse legislative reform proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Google Library Project: Is Digitization for Purposes of Online Indexing Fair Use Under Copyright Law?

The Google Library Project: Is Digitization for Purposes of Online Indexing Fair Use Under Copyright Law?

Date: July 6, 2009
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: The Google Book Search Library Project, announced in December 2004, raised important questions about infringing reproduction and fair use under copyright law. Google planned to digitize, index, and display "snippets" of print books in the collections of five major libraries without the permission of the books' copyright holders, if any. Google's proposed reproduction and display of copyrighted books was not authorized by the rights holders, who alleged that the Google Library Project infringed their copyrights. This report provides background on the Library Project, legal issues raised by digitization and indexing projects, and the proposed settlement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department