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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Critical Infrastructures: Background, Policy, and Implementation

Critical Infrastructures: Background, Policy, and Implementation

Date: December 17, 2002
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: The nation’s health, wealth, and security rely on the production and distribution of certain goods and services. The array of physical assets, processes and organizations across which these goods and services move are called critical infrastructures (e.g. electricity, the power plants that generate it, and the electric grid upon which it is distributed). Computers and communications, themselves critical infrastructures, are increasingly tying these infrastructures together. This report aims to address the concern that this reliance on computers and computer networks raises the vulnerability of the nation’s critical infrastructures to “cyber” attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Safeguarding the Nation's Drinking Water: EPA and Congressional Actions

Safeguarding the Nation's Drinking Water: EPA and Congressional Actions

Date: December 18, 2002
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Critical Infrastructure Information Disclosure and Homeland Security

Critical Infrastructure Information Disclosure and Homeland Security

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Moteff, John D & Stevens, Gina Marie
Description: This report discusses the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) that was passed to ensure by statute citizen access to government information. Nine categories of information may be exempted from disclosure. Three of the nine exemptions provide possible protection against the release of critical infrastructure information: exemption 1 (national security information); exemption 3 (information exempted by statute); and exemption 4 (confidential business information). Congress has considered several proposals to exempt critical infrastructure information from the FOIA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Critical Infrastructures: What Makes an Infrastructure Critical?

Critical Infrastructures: What Makes an Infrastructure Critical?

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Moteff, John D; Copeland, Claudia & Fischer, John W
Description: A fluid definition of what constitutes a critical infrastructure could complicate policymaking and actions. At the very least, a growing list of infrastructures in need of protection will require the federal government to prioritize its efforts. Essentially the federal government will have to try to minimize the impact on the nation’s critical infrastructure of any future terrorist attack, taking into account what those impacts might be and the likelihood of their occurring.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airport Improvement Program

Airport Improvement Program

Date: February 7, 2003
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: This issue brief discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the Passenger Facility Charge (PFC). After a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, funding distribution, the types of projects the program funds, AIP and PFC policy issues, and the allowable use of AIP funds for airport security purposes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Critical Infrastructures: Background, Policy, and Implementation

Critical Infrastructures: Background, Policy, and Implementation

Date: February 10, 2003
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: The nation’s health, wealth, and security rely on the production and distribution of certain goods and services. The array of physical assets, processes and organizations across which these goods and services move are called critical infrastructures (e.g. electricity, the power plants that generate it, and the electric grid upon which it is distributed). Computers and communications, themselves critical infrastructures, are increasingly tying these infrastructures together. This report aims to address the concern that this reliance on computers and computer networks raises the vulnerability of the nation’s critical infrastructures to “cyber” attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Critical Infrastructure: Control Systems and the Terrorist Threat

Critical Infrastructure: Control Systems and the Terrorist Threat

Date: February 21, 2003
Creator: Shea, Dana A
Description: This report addresses the cyber-vulnerability of critical infrastructure industries which regularly use industrial control systems. Industrial control systems may be vulnerable to infiltration by different routes, including wireless transmission, direct access to control system computers, exploitation of dial-up modems used for maintenance, or through the Internet. This report will specifically discuss the potential for access to industrial control systems through the Internet.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Maritime Security: Overview of Issues

Maritime Security: Overview of Issues

Date: February 24, 2003
Creator: Frittelli, John F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Libraries and the USA PATRIOT Act

Libraries and the USA PATRIOT Act

Date: February 26, 2003
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security Act of 2002: Critical Infrastructure Information Act

Homeland Security Act of 2002: Critical Infrastructure Information Act

Date: February 28, 2003
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department