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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Airport Improvement Program

Airport Improvement Program

Date: August 29, 2003
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: This issue brief discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the Passenger Facility Charge (PFC). After a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, funding distribution, the types of projects the program funds, AIP and PFC policy issues, and the allowable use of AIP funds for airport security purposes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airport Improvement Program

Airport Improvement Program

Date: June 2, 2003
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: This issue brief discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the Passenger Facility Charge (PFC). After a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, funding distribution, the types of projects the program funds, AIP and PFC policy issues, and the allowable use of AIP funds for airport security purposes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airport Improvement Program

Airport Improvement Program

Date: February 26, 2001
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: This issue brief discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the Passenger Facility Charge (PFC). After a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, the impact of the Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century (FAIR21, P.L. 106-181), funding distribution, the types of projects the program funds, and AIP and PFC policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appalachian Development Highway Program (ADHP): An Overview

Appalachian Development Highway Program (ADHP): An Overview

Date: December 7, 1998
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: This report discusses the Appalachian Development Highway Program (ADHP). After a brief description of the ADHP system, the report describes the ADHP's operation, organization, spending history and status. It then describes changes in its funding mechanism resultant from TEA 21 and issues of interest to Congress related to the ADHP.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Relief Program: Federal-Aid Highway Assistance for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Bridges

Emergency Relief Program: Federal-Aid Highway Assistance for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Bridges

Date: November 1, 2012
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: Report that looks at the eligibility of major highways and bridges recently damaged by Hurricanes Sandy and Irene to receive Emergency Relief Program assistance from the Federal Highway Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Highway Bridges: Conditions and the Federal/State Role

Highway Bridges: Conditions and the Federal/State Role

Date: July 15, 2008
Creator: Kirk, Robert S. & Mallett, William J.
Description: This report examines the federal and state roles in the maintenance, inspection, reconstruction, and replacement of the nation's highway bridge infrastructure, as well as the emergency response and reconstruction role of the Department of Transportation (DOT). The report first describes what is known about the condition of the nation's bridges and whether the problem of structural deficiency is improving or worsening. It then briefly describes the programmatic and budgetary context, including federal efforts to reduce the number of deficient bridges, and examines highway bridge spending. The report discusses issues Congress is facing face in light of the I-35W bridge collapse and the emergence of questions about the appropriateness and effectiveness of related federal infrastructure policies, programs, and spending. Finally, the report describes a number of legislative initiatives that have been proposed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Broadband Infrastructure Programs in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

Broadband Infrastructure Programs in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

Date: November 5, 2009
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report provides an introduction to the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) and discusses Broadband grants and loans funded by the ARRA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education Issues and Legislative Options

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education Issues and Legislative Options

Date: July 26, 2006
Creator: Kuenzi, Jeffrey J; Matthews, Christine M & Mangan, Bonnie F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education Issues and Legislative Options

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education Issues and Legislative Options

Date: June 20, 2006
Creator: Kuenzi, Jeffrey J; Matthews, Christine M & Mangan, Bonnie F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Job Loss and Infrastructure Job Creation During the Recession

Job Loss and Infrastructure Job Creation During the Recession

Date: March 17, 2009
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: This report takes an in-depth look at job creation estimates, including the limitations of the methodology often used to derive them and the difficulties associated with developing job estimates for green infrastructure in particular. The report views these topics in the context of the 2007-2008 recession and its aftermath.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Job Loss and Infrastructure Job Creation Spending During the Recession

Job Loss and Infrastructure Job Creation Spending During the Recession

Date: May 26, 2010
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: This report takes an in-depth look at job creation estimates, including the limitations of the methodology often used to derive them and the difficulties associated with developing job estimates for green infrastructure in particular. The report views these topics in the context of the 2007-2008 recession and its aftermath. The report closes with a review of what is known to date about the number of jobs supported by infrastructure spending and other provisions in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA, P.L. 111-5).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Job Loss and Infrastructure Job Creation Spending During the Recession

Job Loss and Infrastructure Job Creation Spending During the Recession

Date: July 19, 2010
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: This report takes an in-depth look at job creation estimates, including the limitations of the methodology often used to derive them and the difficulties associated with developing job estimates for green infrastructure in particular. The report views these topics in the context of the 2007-2008 recession and its aftermath. The report closes with a review of what is known to date about the number of jobs supported by infrastructure spending and other provisions in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA, P.L. 111-5).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Job Loss and Infrastructure Job Creation Spending During the Recession

Job Loss and Infrastructure Job Creation Spending During the Recession

Date: January 21, 2010
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: This report takes an in-depth look at job creation estimates, including the limitations of the methodology often used to derive them and the difficulties associated with developing job estimates for green infrastructure in particular. The report views these topics in the context of the 2007-2008 recession and its aftermath.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Job Loss and Infrastructure Job Creation Spending During the Recession

Job Loss and Infrastructure Job Creation Spending During the Recession

Date: October 2, 2009
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: This report takes an in-depth look at job creation estimates, including the limitations of the methodology often used to derive them and the difficulties associated with developing job estimates for green infrastructure in particular. The report views these topics in the context of the 2007-2008 recession and its aftermath.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federally Supported Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Programs

Federally Supported Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Programs

Date: March 31, 2006
Creator: Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service. Resources, Science, and Industry Division.
Description: This report provides background information on the types of water supply and wastewater treatment projects traditionally funded by the federal government and the several existing programs to assist communities with water supply and wastewater recycling and treatment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of the U.S. Public Health System in the Context of Emergency Preparedness

An Overview of the U.S. Public Health System in the Context of Emergency Preparedness

Date: March 17, 2005
Creator: Lister, Sarah A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund: Programs and Policy Issues

Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund: Programs and Policy Issues

Date: March 13, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report begins by describing the Community Development Financial Institutions Fund's history, current appropriations, and each of its programs. The next section analyzes four policy considerations of congressional interest regarding the Fund and the effective use of federal resources to promote economic development. Lastly, this report examines the Fund's programs and management to see if they represent an effective and efficient government effort to promote economic development in low-income and distressed communities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund: Programs and Policy Issues

Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund: Programs and Policy Issues

Date: December 29, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report begins by describing the Community Development Financial Institutions Fund's (Fund's) history, current appropriations, and each of its programs. The next section of the report analyzes four policy considerations of congressional interest, regarding the Fund and the effective use of federal resources to promote economic development. Lastly, this report examines the Fund's programs and management to see if they represent an effective and efficient government effort to promote economic development in low-income and distressed communities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund: Programs and Policy Issues

Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund: Programs and Policy Issues

Date: October 3, 2012
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report begins by describing the Community Development Financial Institutions Fund's (Fund's) history, current appropriations, and each of its programs. The next section of the report analyzes four policy considerations of congressional interest, regarding the Fund and the effective use of federal resources to promote economic development. Lastly, this report examines the Fund's programs and management to see if they represent an effective and efficient government effort to promote economic development in low-income and distressed communities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund: Programs and Policy Issues

Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund: Programs and Policy Issues

Date: February 5, 2015
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: As communities face a variety of economic challenges, some are looking to local banks and financial institutions for solutions that address the specific development needs of low-income and distressed communities. Community development financial institutions (CDFIs) provide financial products and services, such as mortgage financing for homebuyers and not-for-profit developers; underwriting and risk capital for community facilities; technical assistance; and commercial loans and investments to small, start-up, or expanding businesses. This report begins by describing the CDFI Fund’s history, current appropriations, and each of its programs. A description of the fund’s process of certifying certain financial institutions to be eligible for the fund’s program awards follows. The next section provides an overview of each program’s purpose, use of award proceeds, eligibility criteria, and relevant issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Surface Transportation Reauthorization: Environmental Issues and Legislative Provisions in SAFETEA-LU (H.R. 3)

Surface Transportation Reauthorization: Environmental Issues and Legislative Provisions in SAFETEA-LU (H.R. 3)

Date: September 1, 2005
Creator: Luther, Linda G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Earthquake Risk and U.S. Highway Infrastructure: Frequently Asked Questions

Earthquake Risk and U.S. Highway Infrastructure: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: June 5, 2013
Creator: Mallett, William J.; Carter, Nicole T. & Folger, Peter
Description: This report addresses frequently asked questions about the risk from earthquakes to highway systems, including bridges, tunnels, pavements, and other highway components. Particular attention is given to highway bridges, which often are the most vulnerable highway structures. The report also discusses federal and nonfederal actions to reduce seismic risk to the U.S. highway system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Earthquake Risk and U.S. Highway Infrastructure: Frequently Asked Questions

Earthquake Risk and U.S. Highway Infrastructure: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: May 19, 2016
Creator: Mallett, William J.; Carter, Nicole T. & Folger, Peter
Description: This report addresses a number of frequently asked questions about earthquake risk and highway system components, especially bridges. Earthquakes and related events, such as soil liquefaction, landslides, tsunamis, flooding, and fires, pose risks to highway infrastructure. Concerns about the U.S. highway system's seismic vulnerability stem from interest in protecting public safety, facilitating response and recovery efforts, and minimizing economic loss and social disruption.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force

Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force

Date: September 14, 2006
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: The increased presence of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs and in the scientific workforce has been and continues to be of concern to some in the scientific community. Enrollment of U.S. citizens in graduate science and engineering programs has not kept pace with that of foreign students in those programs. In addition to the number of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs, a significant number of university faculty in the scientific disciplines are foreign, and foreign doctorates are employed in large numbers by industry. This report examines these issues and discusses their policy implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department