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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Critical Infrastructures: What Makes an Infrastructure Critical?

Critical Infrastructures: What Makes an Infrastructure Critical?

Date: August 30, 2002
Creator: Moteff, John D; Copeland, Claudia & Fischer, John W
Description: A fluid definition of what constitutes a critical infrastructure could complicate policymaking and actions. At the very least, a growing list of infrastructures in need of protection will require the federal government to prioritize its efforts. Essentially the federal government will have to try to minimize the impact on the nation’s critical infrastructure of any future terrorist attack, taking into account what those impacts might be and the likelihood of their occurring.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Davis-Bacon Act: Institutional Evolution and Public Policy

The Davis-Bacon Act: Institutional Evolution and Public Policy

Date: November 30, 2007
Creator: Whittaker, William G.
Description: This report examines policy issues the Davis-Bacon Act has sparked through the years and which remain a part of the Davis-Bacon debate of the 1990s. These include such questions as: wage rate determination procedures, reporting requirements under the Copeland Act, an appropriate threshold for activation of the statute, interagency relationships with respect to Davis-Bacon enforcement and compliance activity, administrative or judicial appeals procedures, the use of "helpers" and other low-skilled workers on covered projects, and the right of a President to suspend the statute as well as the conditions under which such a suspension may occur. That the fundamental premise of the Act remains in contention after 60 years may be, itself, part of the public policy debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF): Program Overview and Issues

Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF): Program Overview and Issues

Date: October 24, 2008
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) Amendments of 1996 authorized a drinking water state revolving loan fund (DWSRF) program to help public water systems finance infrastructure projects needed to comply with federal drinking water regulations and to protect public health. The Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) latest (2003) survey of capital improvement needs for public water systems found that water systems need to invest $276.8 billion on infrastructure improvements over 20 years to ensure the provision of safe water. Key issues include the gap between estimated needs and funding, SDWA compliance costs, and the need for cities to update and maintain water infrastructure, apart from SDWA compliance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Earthquake Risk and U.S. Highway Infrastructure: Frequently Asked Questions

Earthquake Risk and U.S. Highway Infrastructure: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: June 5, 2013
Creator: Mallett, William J.; Carter, Nicole T. & Folger, Peter
Description: This report addresses frequently asked questions about the risk from earthquakes to highway systems, including bridges, tunnels, pavements, and other highway components. Particular attention is given to highway bridges, which often are the most vulnerable highway structures. The report also discusses federal and nonfederal actions to reduce seismic risk to the U.S. highway system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements

Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements

Date: September 20, 2006
Creator: Abel, Amy
Description: The electric utility industry is inherently capital intensive. At the same time, the industry must operate under a changing and sometimes unpredictable regulatory system at both the federal and state level. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 has set in place government activities intended to relieve congestion on the transmission system. Several factors have contributed to the lack of new transmission capacity; these are outlined within this report. This report also discusses earlier pieces of energy legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements

Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements

Date: September 20, 2006
Creator: Abel, Amy
Description: The electric utility industry is inherently capital intensive. At the same time, the industry must operate under a changing and sometimes unpredictable regulatory system at both the federal and state level. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 has set in place government activities intended to relieve congestion on the transmission system. Several factors have contributed to the lack of new transmission capacity; these are outlined within this report. This report also discusses earlier pieces of energy legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements

Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements

Date: December 23, 2004
Creator: Abel, Amy
Description: The electric utility industry is inherently capital intensive. At the same time, the industry must operate under a changing and sometimes unpredictable regulatory system at both the federal and state level. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 has set in place government activities intended to relieve congestion on the transmission system. Several factors have contributed to the lack of new transmission capacity; these are outlined within this report. This report also discusses earlier pieces of energy legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements

Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements

Date: September 20, 2006
Creator: Abel, Amy
Description: The electric utility industry is inherently capital intensive. At the same time, the industry must operate under a changing and sometimes unpredictable regulatory system at both the federal and state level. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 has set in place government activities intended to relieve congestion on the transmission system. Several factors have contributed to the lack of new transmission capacity; these are outlined within this report. This report also discusses earlier pieces of energy legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements

Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements

Date: December 23, 2004
Creator: Abel, Amy
Description: The electric utility industry is inherently capital intensive. At the same time, the industry must operate under a changing and sometimes unpredictable regulatory system at both the federal and state level. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 has set in place government activities intended to relieve congestion on the transmission system. Several factors have contributed to the lack of new transmission capacity; these are outlined within this report. This report also discusses earlier pieces of energy legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements

Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements

Date: June 10, 2005
Creator: Abel, Amy
Description: The electric utility industry is inherently capital intensive. At the same time, the industry must operate under a changing and sometimes unpredictable regulatory system at both the federal and state level. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 has set in place government activities intended to relieve congestion on the transmission system. Several factors have contributed to the lack of new transmission capacity; these are outlined within this report. This report also discusses earlier pieces of energy legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department