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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF): Program Overview and Issues
The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) Amendments of 1996 authorized a drinking water state revolving loan fund (DWSRF) program to help public water systems finance infrastructure projects needed to comply with federal drinking water regulations and to protect public health. The Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) latest (2003) survey of capital improvement needs for public water systems found that water systems need to invest $276.8 billion on infrastructure improvements over 20 years to ensure the provision of safe water. Key issues include the gap between estimated needs and funding, SDWA compliance costs, and the need for cities to update and maintain water infrastructure, apart from SDWA compliance. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10626/
Earthquake Risk and U.S. Highway Infrastructure: Frequently Asked Questions
This report addresses frequently asked questions about the risk from earthquakes to highway systems, including bridges, tunnels, pavements, and other highway components. Particular attention is given to highway bridges, which often are the most vulnerable highway structures. The report also discusses federal and nonfederal actions to reduce seismic risk to the U.S. highway system. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc463397/
Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements
The electric utility industry is inherently capital intensive. At the same time, the industry must operate under a changing and sometimes unpredictable regulatory system at both the federal and state level. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 has set in place government activities intended to relieve congestion on the transmission system. Several factors have contributed to the lack of new transmission capacity; these are outlined within this report. This report also discusses earlier pieces of energy legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10432/
Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements
The electric utility industry is inherently capital intensive. At the same time, the industry must operate under a changing and sometimes unpredictable regulatory system at both the federal and state level. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 has set in place government activities intended to relieve congestion on the transmission system. Several factors have contributed to the lack of new transmission capacity; these are outlined within this report. This report also discusses earlier pieces of energy legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9880/
Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements
The electric utility industry is inherently capital intensive. At the same time, the industry must operate under a changing and sometimes unpredictable regulatory system at both the federal and state level. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 has set in place government activities intended to relieve congestion on the transmission system. Several factors have contributed to the lack of new transmission capacity; these are outlined within this report. This report also discusses earlier pieces of energy legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10200/
Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements
The electric utility industry is inherently capital intensive. At the same time, the industry must operate under a changing and sometimes unpredictable regulatory system at both the federal and state level. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 has set in place government activities intended to relieve congestion on the transmission system. Several factors have contributed to the lack of new transmission capacity; these are outlined within this report. This report also discusses earlier pieces of energy legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9547/
Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements
The electric utility industry is inherently capital intensive. At the same time, the industry must operate under a changing and sometimes unpredictable regulatory system at both the federal and state level. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 has set in place government activities intended to relieve congestion on the transmission system. Several factors have contributed to the lack of new transmission capacity; these are outlined within this report. This report also discusses earlier pieces of energy legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9649/
Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements
The electric utility industry is inherently capital intensive. At the same time, the industry must operate under a changing and sometimes unpredictable regulatory system at both the federal and state level. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 has set in place government activities intended to relieve congestion on the transmission system. Several factors have contributed to the lack of new transmission capacity; these are outlined within this report. This report also discusses earlier pieces of energy legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7776/
Emergency Relief Program: Federal-Aid Highway Assistance for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Bridges
Report that looks at the eligibility of major highways and bridges recently damaged by Hurricanes Sandy and Irene to receive Emergency Relief Program assistance from the Federal Highway Administration. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227819/
Federal Disaster and Emergency Assistance for Water Infrastructure Facilities and Supplies
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7645/
Federal Involvement in Flood Response and Flood Infrastructure Repair: Storm Sandy Recovery
Report regarding congressional efforts to structure federal actions and programs so they provide incentives to reduce flood risk without unduly infringing on private property rights or usurping local decision making. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227818/
Federally Supported Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Programs
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9117/
Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9545/
Government Activities to Protect the Electric Grid
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5881/
Government Activities to Protect the Electric Grid
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7858/
Guarding America: Security Guards and U.S. Critical Infrastructure Protection
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5801/
Highway Bridges: Conditions and the Federal/State Role
This report examines the federal and state roles in the maintenance, inspection, reconstruction, and replacement of the nation's highway bridge infrastructure, as well as the emergency response and reconstruction role of the Department of Transportation (DOT). The report first describes what is known about the condition of the nation's bridges and whether the problem of structural deficiency is improving or worsening. It then briefly describes the programmatic and budgetary context, including federal efforts to reduce the number of deficient bridges, and examines highway bridge spending. The report discusses issues Congress is facing face in light of the I-35W bridge collapse and the emergence of questions about the appropriateness and effectiveness of related federal infrastructure policies, programs, and spending. Finally, the report describes a number of legislative initiatives that have been proposed. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc463213/
Homeland Security Act of 2002: Critical Infrastructure Information Act
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5041/
Homeland Security: Banking and Financial Infrastructure Continuity
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5042/
Homeland Security: Banking and Financial Infrastructure Continuity
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7844/
Homeland Security - Reducing the Vulnerability of Public and Private Information Infrastructures to Terrorism: An Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3175/
How to Find Information in a Library
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1250/
How to Find Information in a Library
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs715/
How to Find Information in a Library and on the Internet
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5018/
Hurricane-Damaged Drinking Water and Wastewater Facilities: Impacts, Needs, and Response
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7541/
Hurricane Katrina: Shipping Disruptions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7619/
Intermodal Connectors: A Method For Improving Transportation Efficiency?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7711/
Job Loss and Infrastructure Job Creation During the Recession
This report takes an in-depth look at job creation estimates, including the limitations of the methodology often used to derive them and the difficulties associated with developing job estimates for green infrastructure in particular. The report views these topics in the context of the 2007-2008 recession and its aftermath. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462199/
Job Loss and Infrastructure Job Creation Spending During the Recession
This report takes an in-depth look at job creation estimates, including the limitations of the methodology often used to derive them and the difficulties associated with developing job estimates for green infrastructure in particular. The report views these topics in the context of the 2007-2008 recession and its aftermath. The report closes with a review of what is known to date about the number of jobs supported by infrastructure spending and other provisions in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA, P.L. 111-5). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc463048/
Job Loss and Infrastructure Job Creation Spending During the Recession
This report takes an in-depth look at job creation estimates, including the limitations of the methodology often used to derive them and the difficulties associated with developing job estimates for green infrastructure in particular. The report views these topics in the context of the 2007-2008 recession and its aftermath. The report closes with a review of what is known to date about the number of jobs supported by infrastructure spending and other provisions in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA, P.L. 111-5). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc463015/
Job Loss and Infrastructure Job Creation Spending During the Recession
This report takes an in-depth look at job creation estimates, including the limitations of the methodology often used to derive them and the difficulties associated with developing job estimates for green infrastructure in particular. The report views these topics in the context of the 2007-2008 recession and its aftermath. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc463084/
Job Loss and Infrastructure Job Creation Spending During the Recession
This report takes an in-depth look at job creation estimates, including the limitations of the methodology often used to derive them and the difficulties associated with developing job estimates for green infrastructure in particular. The report views these topics in the context of the 2007-2008 recession and its aftermath. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462993/
Libraries and the USA PATRIOT Act
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5019/
Libraries and the USA PATRIOT Act
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6758/
Libraries and the USA PATRIOT Act
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7460/
Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Infrastructure Security: Issues for Congress
This report provides an overview of industry and federal activities related to LNG security. The report describes U.S. LNG infrastructure, the industry's safety record and security risks, and the industry's security initiatives since September 11, 2001. It summarizes recent changes in federal LNG and maritime security law and related changes in the security roles of federal agencies. The report discusses several policy concerns related to federal LNG security efforts: 1) public costs of marine security, 2) uncertainty regarding LNG terrorism risks, and 3) security implications of promoting U.S.-flagged LNG tankers and U.S. crews. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462761/
Marine Security of Hazardouse Chemical Cargo
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8227/
Maritime and Port Security: A Comparison of Major Provisions of S. 1214 and H.R. 3983
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3587/
Maritime and Port Security: A Comparison of Major Provisions of S. 1214 and H.R. 3983
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3588/
Maritime and Port Security: A Comparison of Major Provisions of S. 1214 and H.R. 3983
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3589/
Maritime Security: Overview of Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5044/
Maritime Security: Overview of Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5043/
Maritime Security: Overview of Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3177/
The National Information Infrastructure: The Federal Role
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs129/
Outdoor Recreation: Is a New Commission Needed?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9173/
An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8669/
An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8670/
An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7593/
An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7592/
An Overview of the U.S. Public Health System in the Context of Bioterrorism
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4286/