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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Critical Infrastructures: Background, Policy, and Implementation

Critical Infrastructures: Background, Policy, and Implementation

Date: August 7, 2003
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: The nation’s health, wealth, and security rely on the production and distribution of certain goods and services. The array of physical assets, processes and organizations across which these goods and services move are called critical infrastructures (e.g. electricity, the power plants that generate it, and the electric grid upon which it is distributed). Computers and communications, themselves critical infrastructures, are increasingly tying these infrastructures together. This report aims to address the concern that this reliance on computers and computer networks raises the vulnerability of the nation’s critical infrastructures to “cyber” attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Critical Infrastructures: Background, Policy, and Implementation

Critical Infrastructures: Background, Policy, and Implementation

Date: April 9, 2003
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: The nation’s health, wealth, and security rely on the production and distribution of certain goods and services. The array of physical assets, processes and organizations across which these goods and services move are called critical infrastructures (e.g. electricity, the power plants that generate it, and the electric grid upon which it is distributed). Computers and communications, themselves critical infrastructures, are increasingly tying these infrastructures together. This report aims to address the concern that this reliance on computers and computer networks raises the vulnerability of the nation’s critical infrastructures to “cyber” attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Critical Infrastructures: Background, Policy, and Implementation

Critical Infrastructures: Background, Policy, and Implementation

Date: September 25, 2003
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: The nation’s health, wealth, and security rely on the production and distribution of certain goods and services. The array of physical assets, processes and organizations across which these goods and services move are called critical infrastructures (e.g. electricity, the power plants that generate it, and the electric grid upon which it is distributed). Computers and communications, themselves critical infrastructures, are increasingly tying these infrastructures together. This report aims to address the concern that this reliance on computers and computer networks raises the vulnerability of the nation’s critical infrastructures to “cyber” attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Critical Infrastructures: Background, Policy, and Implementation

Critical Infrastructures: Background, Policy, and Implementation

Date: February 17, 2005
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: The nation’s health, wealth, and security rely on the production and distribution of certain goods and services. The array of physical assets, processes and organizations across which these goods and services move are called critical infrastructures (e.g. electricity, the power plants that generate it, and the electric grid upon which it is distributed). Computers and communications, themselves critical infrastructures, are increasingly tying these infrastructures together. This report aims to address the concern that this reliance on computers and computer networks raises the vulnerability of the nation’s critical infrastructures to “cyber” attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Critical Infrastructures: Background and Early Implementation of PDD-63

Critical Infrastructures: Background and Early Implementation of PDD-63

Date: September 12, 2000
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: The nation's health, wealth, and security rely on the supply and distribution of certain goods and services. The array of physical assets, processes and organizations across which these goods and services move are called critical infrastructures (e.g. electricity, the power plants that generate it, and the electric grid upon which it is distributed or financial capital, the institutions that manage it, and the record- keeping and communications that move it from one institution to another).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Critical Infrastructures: Background and Early Implementation of PDD-63

Critical Infrastructures: Background and Early Implementation of PDD-63

Date: June 19, 2001
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: The nation's health, wealth, and security rely on the supply and distribution of certain goods and services. The array of physical assets, processes and organizations across which these goods and services move are called critical infrastructures (e.g. electricity, the power plants that generate it, and the electric grid upon which it is distributed or financial capital, the institutions that manage it, and the record- keeping and communications that move it from one institution to another).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Critical Infrastructures: Background, Policy, and Implementation

Critical Infrastructures: Background, Policy, and Implementation

Date: December 14, 2001
Creator: Moteff, John D
Description: The nation’s health, wealth, and security rely on the production and distribution of certain goods and services. The array of physical assets, processes and organizations across which these goods and services move are called critical infrastructures (e.g. electricity, the power plants that generate it, and the electric grid upon which it is distributed). Computers and communications, themselves critical infrastructures, are increasingly tying these infrastructures together. This report aims to address the concern that this reliance on computers and computer networks raises the vulnerability of the nation’s critical infrastructures to “cyber” attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Computer Attack and Cyber Terrorism: Vulnerabilities and Policy Issues for Congress

Computer Attack and Cyber Terrorism: Vulnerabilities and Policy Issues for Congress

Date: October 17, 2003
Creator: Wilson, Clay
Description: This report presents a working definition for the term “cyber terrorism”, plus background information describing how current technology and management processes may leave computers exposed to cyber-attack, and a discussion of possible effects of a cyber-attack. Potential issues for Congress are presented in the second section, including: whether appropriate guidance exists for a DOD information warfare response to a cyber-attack; whether the need to detect possible cyber terrorist activity interferes with individual privacy; whether the roles and responsibilities for protecting against a possible cyber terrorist attack need more clarity for government, industry, and home users; and, whether information sharing on cyber threats and vulnerabilities must be further increased between private industry and the federal government. The final section describes possible policy options for improving protection against threats from possible cyber terrorism.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of the U.S. Public Health System in the Context of Bioterrorism

An Overview of the U.S. Public Health System in the Context of Bioterrorism

Date: May 21, 2003
Creator: Harvey, Holly
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of the U.S. Public Health System in the Context of Emergency Preparedness

An Overview of the U.S. Public Health System in the Context of Emergency Preparedness

Date: March 17, 2005
Creator: Lister, Sarah A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Critical Infrastructures: Background, Policy, and Implementation

Critical Infrastructures: Background, Policy, and Implementation

Date: June 10, 2015
Creator: Moteff, John D.
Description: This report discusses in more detail the evolution of a national critical infrastructure policy and the institutional structures established to implement it. The report highlights two primary issues confronting Congress going forward, both in the context of cybersecurity: information sharing and regulation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Surface Transportation Reauthorization: Environmental Issues and Legislative Provisions in SAFETEA-LU (H.R. 3)

Surface Transportation Reauthorization: Environmental Issues and Legislative Provisions in SAFETEA-LU (H.R. 3)

Date: September 1, 2005
Creator: Luther, Linda G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terminal Operators and Their Role in U.S. Port and Maritime Security

Terminal Operators and Their Role in U.S. Port and Maritime Security

Date: April 20, 2006
Creator: Frittelli, John F & Lake, Jennifer E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Marine Security of Hazardouse Chemical Cargo

Marine Security of Hazardouse Chemical Cargo

Date: August 26, 2005
Creator: Parfomak, Paul W & Frittelli, John F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Development Block Grants: Neighborhood Stabilization Program; Assistance to Communities Affected by Foreclosures

Community Development Block Grants: Neighborhood Stabilization Program; Assistance to Communities Affected by Foreclosures

Date: March 13, 2009
Creator: Boyd, Eugene & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Description: Report regarding the Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008, P.L. 110-289, which allocates federal financial aid to all state and local governments with high amounts of foreclosed homes, subprime mortgage loans, and delinquent home mortgages. The report focuses on the assistance that aids in aquiring, rehabilitating, and reselling foreclosed and abandoned homes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative

An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative

Date: February 27, 2006
Creator: Boyd, Eugene; Mulock, Bruce K; Smale, Pauline; Cowan, Tadlock; Laney, Garrine P & Foote, Bruce E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative

An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative

Date: January 26, 2006
Creator: Boyd, Eugene; Mulock, Bruce K; Smale, Pauline; Cowan, Tadlock; Laney, Garrine P & Foote, Bruce E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Libraries: The Federal System and Related Legislation

Presidential Libraries: The Federal System and Related Legislation

Date: November 26, 2008
Creator: Relyea, Harold C.
Description: Through the National Archives and Records Administration, the federal government currently manages and maintains 12 presidential libraries. Inaugurated with the Presidential Libraries Act of 1955, these entities are privately constructed on behalf of former Presidents and, upon completion, are deeded to the federal government. This report provides a brief overview of the federal presidential libraries system and tracks the progress of related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Evolving Broadband Infrastructure: Expansion, Applications, and Regulation

The Evolving Broadband Infrastructure: Expansion, Applications, and Regulation

Date: February 19, 2009
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia; Gilroy, Angele A. & Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report discusses issues for policymakers regarding how to craft a comprehensive broadband strategy that not only addresses broadband availability and adoption problems, but also addresses the long term impacts of next-generation networks on consumer use of the Internet and a regulatory framework that must keep pace with evolving telecommunications technology.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Development Block Grants: Legislative Proposals to Assist Communities Affected by Home Foreclosures

Community Development Block Grants: Legislative Proposals to Assist Communities Affected by Home Foreclosures

Date: July 15, 2008
Creator: Boyd, Eugene & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Description: In response to the rising number of home mortgage foreclosures, several bills have been introduced during the 110th Congress that would provide additional federal assistance to state and local governments with high concentrations of foreclosed homes, subprime mortgage loans, and delinquent home mortgages. At least one of these proposals, H.R. 3221, as passed by the Senate, includes provisions that would use the framework of the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program to channel an additional $4 billion in assistance to state and local governments. This provision faces an uncertain future; objections to it have been raised by the Bush Administration and others, contending that the assistance will result in the rescue of lenders and speculators.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF): Program Overview and Issues

Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF): Program Overview and Issues

Date: October 24, 2008
Creator: Tiemann, Mary
Description: The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) Amendments of 1996 authorized a drinking water state revolving loan fund (DWSRF) program to help public water systems finance infrastructure projects needed to comply with federal drinking water regulations and to protect public health. The Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) latest (2003) survey of capital improvement needs for public water systems found that water systems need to invest $276.8 billion on infrastructure improvements over 20 years to ensure the provision of safe water. Key issues include the gap between estimated needs and funding, SDWA compliance costs, and the need for cities to update and maintain water infrastructure, apart from SDWA compliance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force

Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force

Date: September 14, 2006
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: The increased presence of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs and in the scientific workforce has been and continues to be of concern to some in the scientific community. Enrollment of U.S. citizens in graduate science and engineering programs has not kept pace with that of foreign students in those programs. In addition to the number of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs, a significant number of university faculty in the scientific disciplines are foreign, and foreign doctorates are employed in large numbers by industry. This report examines these issues and discusses their policy implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federalism Issues in Surface Transportation Policy: A Historical Perspective

Federalism Issues in Surface Transportation Policy: A Historical Perspective

Date: November 6, 2015
Creator: Dilger, Robert J.
Description: This report provides a historical perspective on contemporary federalism issues in surface transportation policy, from the beginning of the nation through the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21). It also discusses legislative activity during the 114th Congress to reauthorize highway and mass transit programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative

An Overview of the Administration's Strengthening America's Communities Initiative

Date: May 5, 2005
Creator: Boyd, Eugene; Mulock, Bruce K; Smale, Pauline; Cowan, Tadlock; Laney, Garrine P & Foote, Bruce E
Description: This report discusses administration’s proposed base program called strengthening America’s communities initiative intended to award funds in support of job creation and economic development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department