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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Vulnerability of Concentrated Critical Infrastructure: Background and Policy Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10187/
Vulnerability of Concentrated Critical Infrastructure: Background and Policy Options
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Critical Infrastructures: What Makes an Infrastructure Critical?
A fluid definition of what constitutes a critical infrastructure could complicate policymaking and actions. At the very least, a growing list of infrastructures in need of protection will require the federal government to prioritize its efforts. Essentially the federal government will have to try to minimize the impact on the nation’s critical infrastructure of any future terrorist attack, taking into account what those impacts might be and the likelihood of their occurring. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5039/
Critical Infrastructures: What Makes an Infrastructure Critical?
A fluid definition of what constitutes a critical infrastructure could complicate policymaking and actions. At the very least, a growing list of infrastructures in need of protection will require the federal government to prioritize its efforts. Essentially the federal government will have to try to minimize the impact on the nation’s critical infrastructure of any future terrorist attack, taking into account what those impacts might be and the likelihood of their occurring. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3176/
Homeland Security Act of 2002: Critical Infrastructure Information Act
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Critical Infrastructure and Key Assets: Definition and Identification
This report reviews the concept and definition of “critical infrastructure” as it has appeared in federal reports, legislation and regulation since the early 1980s. The report highlights the changes and expansion of that definition as the focus of public policy debates shifted from infrastructure adequacy to infrastructure protection. Finally the report summarizes current policy issues associated with critical infrastructure identification by federal agencies and the private sector. The report is intentionally limited to definitional issues and categorization of infrastructure. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5954/
Homeland Security: Banking and Financial Infrastructure Continuity
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Spinning the Web: The History and Infrastructure of the Internet
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Homeland Security: Banking and Financial Infrastructure Continuity
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Critical Infrastructure Resilience: The Evolution of Policy and Programs and Issues for Congress
This report discusses the concept of resilience in the context of critical infrastructure and homeland security. It also identifies and discusses issues related to the evolution of policy and programs at the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) that are meant to, or could, promote the resiliency of the nation's critical infrastructure. The purpose of the report is to aid Congress in its oversight of critical infrastructure programs and activities at DHS. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc122245/
Guarding America: Security Guards and U.S. Critical Infrastructure Protection
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5801/
Government Activities to Protect the Electric Grid
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Risk Management and Critical Infrastructure Protection: Assessing, Integrating, and Managing Threats, Vulnerabilities and Consequences
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Critical Infrastructures: A Primer
The nation’s health, wealth, and security rely on the supply and distribution of certain goods and services. The array of physical assets, processes and organizations across which these goods and services move are called critical infrastructures. Computers and communications, themselves critical infrastructures, are increasingly tying these infrastructures together. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs724/
Government Activities to Protect the Electric Grid
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Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements
The electric utility industry is inherently capital intensive. At the same time, the industry must operate under a changing and sometimes unpredictable regulatory system at both the federal and state level. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 has set in place government activities intended to relieve congestion on the transmission system. Several factors have contributed to the lack of new transmission capacity; these are outlined within this report. This report also discusses earlier pieces of energy legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10432/
Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements
The electric utility industry is inherently capital intensive. At the same time, the industry must operate under a changing and sometimes unpredictable regulatory system at both the federal and state level. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 has set in place government activities intended to relieve congestion on the transmission system. Several factors have contributed to the lack of new transmission capacity; these are outlined within this report. This report also discusses earlier pieces of energy legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9880/
Safeguarding the Nation's Drinking Water: EPA and Congressional Actions
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Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements
The electric utility industry is inherently capital intensive. At the same time, the industry must operate under a changing and sometimes unpredictable regulatory system at both the federal and state level. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 has set in place government activities intended to relieve congestion on the transmission system. Several factors have contributed to the lack of new transmission capacity; these are outlined within this report. This report also discusses earlier pieces of energy legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10200/
21st Century Community Learning Centers: Evaluation and Implementation Issues
The 21st CCLC program was originally authorized as Part I of Title X, of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended. This program was reauthorized as part of the reauthorization of the ESEA by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, P.L. 107-110, and was signed into law on January 8, 2002. This report discusses implementation of the reauthorized 21st CCLC program, and the recent evaluation of the program and its implications. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9290/
Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements
The electric utility industry is inherently capital intensive. At the same time, the industry must operate under a changing and sometimes unpredictable regulatory system at both the federal and state level. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 has set in place government activities intended to relieve congestion on the transmission system. Several factors have contributed to the lack of new transmission capacity; these are outlined within this report. This report also discusses earlier pieces of energy legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9649/
Safeguarding the Nation's Drinking Water: EPA and Congressional Actions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3617/
Safeguarding the Nation's Drinking Water: EPA and Congressional Actions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3616/
Reallocation of Water Storage at Federal Water Projects for Municipal and Industrial Water Supply
Report that analyzes the legal and policy issues associated with reallocation of water under the Water Supply Act of 1958 (WSA) and industrial (M&I) water supply use at Lake Lanier as an example. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227820/
Federal Involvement in Flood Response and Flood Infrastructure Repair: Storm Sandy Recovery
Report regarding congressional efforts to structure federal actions and programs so they provide incentives to reduce flood risk without unduly infringing on private property rights or usurping local decision making. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227818/
How to Find Information in a Library
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Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector
The possibility of damage to or destruction of the nation's water supply and water quality infrastructure by terrorist attack has gained substantial attention since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. Policymakers are considering a number of initiatives, including enhanced physical security, better communication and coordination, and research. A key issue is how such security measures will be funded. Committees in the 109th Congress have approved legislation to support vulnerability assessments in federal and non-federal wastewater treatment plants and utility systems. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10426/
Airport Improvement Program
This issue brief discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the Passenger Facility Charge (PFC). After a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, the impact of the Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century (FAIR21, P.L. 106-181), funding distribution, the types of projects the program funds, and AIP and PFC policy issues. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1419/
Port and Maritime Security: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5040/
Maritime Security: Overview of Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5044/
Maritime Security: Overview of Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5043/
How to Find Information in a Library and on the Internet
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5018/
Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5651/
Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5650/
Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6334/
Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6333/
Critical Infrastructure Information Disclosure and Homeland Security
This report discusses the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) that was passed to ensure by statute citizen access to government information. Nine categories of information may be exempted from disclosure. Three of the nine exemptions provide possible protection against the release of critical infrastructure information: exemption 1 (national security information); exemption 3 (information exempted by statute); and exemption 4 (confidential business information). Congress has considered several proposals to exempt critical infrastructure information from the FOIA. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2244/
Port and Maritime Security: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6470/
Airport Improvement Program
This issue brief discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the Passenger Facility Charge (PFC). After a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, the impact of the Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century (FAIR21, P.L. 106-181), funding distribution, the types of projects the program funds, AIP and PFC policy issues, and the allowable use of AIP funds for airport security purposes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2158/
Airport Improvement Program
This issue brief discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the Passenger Facility Charge (PFC). After a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, funding distribution, the types of projects the program funds, AIP and PFC policy issues, and the allowable use of AIP funds for airport security purposes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2159/
Airport Improvement Program
This issue brief discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the Passenger Facility Charge (PFC). After a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, funding distribution, the types of projects the program funds, AIP and PFC policy issues, and the allowable use of AIP funds for airport security purposes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2160/
The National Information Infrastructure: The Federal Role
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs129/
Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8461/
Year 2000 Problem: Potential Impacts on National Infrastructures
The year 2000 (Y2K) computer problem poses a potential threat to the continued proper functioning of many national infrastructures. These include telecommunications, utilities, financial services, health care, transportation, government services, and military preparedness. Other sectors -- such as water, agriculture, food processing and distribution, emergency services, and small and medium sized businesses -- have also been identified as having potentially significant Y2K problems but, due to space constraints, are not discussed here. While public and private sector entities report progress toward resolving their Y2K problems, much uncertainty remains regarding which systems are most vulnerable to failures. The overall impact resulting from the Y2K problem to some degree still depends on remediation progress made in 1999. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs807/
Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9687/
Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements
The electric utility industry is inherently capital intensive. At the same time, the industry must operate under a changing and sometimes unpredictable regulatory system at both the federal and state level. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 has set in place government activities intended to relieve congestion on the transmission system. Several factors have contributed to the lack of new transmission capacity; these are outlined within this report. This report also discusses earlier pieces of energy legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9547/
Army Corps Supplemental Appropriations: Recent History, Trends, and Policy Issues
Report that summarizes recent trends in supplemental funding for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, particularly related to natural disasters. It provides summary data and analysis on Corps funding over the last 10 years and includes a general discussion of how the Corps funds emergency actions at its own facilities and elsewhere. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227832/
How to Find Information in a Library
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs715/
Port and Maritime Security: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7154/
Port and Maritime Security: Background and Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7841/
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