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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Border Security: Immigration Issues in the 108th Congress

Border Security: Immigration Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: February 4, 2003
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa M.
Description: This report provides background information on the main immigration-related border security issues that have been raised as a result of the terrorist attacks and resulting concern for homeland security. It describes enacted legislation in the 107th Congress as well as in previous Congresses that focus on immigration-related border security issues. The report also poses possible immigration-related border security issues the 108th Congress may consider.
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Immigration Fundamentals

Immigration Fundamentals

Date: July 2, 1998
Creator: Vialet, Joyce
Description: This report describes the fundamentals of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), which was enacted in 1952 and significantly amended since, most recently by the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996.
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The U.S. Foreign-Born Population: Trends and Selected Characteristics

The U.S. Foreign-Born Population: Trends and Selected Characteristics

Date: January 18, 2011
Creator: Kandel, William A.
Description: This report offers context for consideration of immigration policy options by presenting data on key geographic, demographic, social, and economic characteristics of the foreign-born population residing in the United States. Interest in the U.S. foreign-born population stems in part from the changing demographic profile of the United States as well as the rapidity of such change, and how both of these trends correspond to U.S. immigration policy.
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Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA): Frequently Asked Questions

Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA): Frequently Asked Questions

Date: September 30, 2014
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) June 15, 2012 announcement that certain individuals who were brought to the United States as children and meet other criteria would be considered for relief from removal for two years, subject to renewal, under an initiative known as Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA.
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Diversity Immigrant Visa Lottery Issues

Diversity Immigrant Visa Lottery Issues

Date: April 1, 2011
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report looks at controversies surrounding the diversity immigrant visa lottery, which encourages legal immigration from countries other than the major sending countries of current immigrants to the U.S.
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Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 109th Congress

Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: October 17, 2005
Creator: Bruno, Andorra; Wasem, Ruth Ellen; Siskin, Alison; Nuñez-Neto, Blas; Garcia, Michael John; Viña, Stephen R et al.
Description: This report discusses a number of immigration reform-related issues that have seen legislative action or are of significant congressional interest.
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U.S. Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology (US-VISIT) Program

U.S. Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology (US-VISIT) Program

Date: January 26, 2006
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa M. & Viña, Stephen R.
Description: This report provides a summary of the statutory history of the automated entry and exit data system, which was renamed the U.S. Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology (US-VISIT) Program by the Bush Administration. It also discusses other laws that affect the implementation of the system and provides an analysis of the documentary requirements under current law. The report also discusses efforts to implement the program and selected issues associated with its development and implementation.
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Nonimmigrant Overstays: Brief Synthesis of the Issue

Nonimmigrant Overstays: Brief Synthesis of the Issue

Date: January 22, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses a fundamental problem of immigration control in which foreign nationals enter legally on a temporary basis and continue to stay after their visas expire.
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Immigration Detainers: Legal Issues

Immigration Detainers: Legal Issues

Date: April 24, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report provides background information regarding the Immigration and Naturalization Service rules and regulations and discusses the "immigration detainer," a document by which U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) advises other law enforcement agencies that it seeks custody of individual aliens whom these agencies are detaining.
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U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services' Immigration Fees and Adjudication Costs: Proposed Adjustments and Historical Context

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services' Immigration Fees and Adjudication Costs: Proposed Adjustments and Historical Context

Date: July 16, 2010
Creator: Kandel, William A. & Haddal, Chad C.
Description: This report discusses the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service's (USCIS) newly proposed fee schedule for immigration services. Issues for Congress to consider might include how USCIS fees have been computed and justified; whether anticipated revenue from revised fees will cover agency costs; how fiscal shortfalls might be funded; and what impact higher fees might have on the applicant pool.
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The Obama Administration's November 2014 Immigration Initiatives: Questions and Answers

The Obama Administration's November 2014 Immigration Initiatives: Questions and Answers

Date: November 24, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: On November 20, 2014, President Obama delivered a televised address wherein he broadly described the steps that his administration is taking to "fix" what he has repeatedly described as a "broken immigration system."1 Following the President's address, executive agencies made available intra-agency memoranda and fact sheets detailing specific actions that have already been taken, or will be taken in the future.2 These actions generally involve either border security, the current unlawfully present population, or future legal immigration. This report provides the answers to key legal questions related to the various immigration-related actions announced by the Obama Administration.
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Immigration Detainers: Legal Issues

Immigration Detainers: Legal Issues

Date: October 6, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: "This report surveys the various authorities governing immigration detainers, including the standard detainer form (Form I-247) sent by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) to other law enforcement agencies. The report also discusses key legal issues raised by immigration detainers, including whether Department of Homeland Security's (DHS's) detainer regulations and practices are beyond its statutory authority; whether states and localities are required to comply with immigration detainers; who has custody of aliens subject to detainers; and whether detainer practices violate aliens' constitutional rights. In considering these topics, it is important to note that Form I-247 and DHS's detainer practices have changed several times since 2010, and that decisions on the merits have not yet been issued in many cases challenging the use of detainers in conjunction with the Secure Communities program" (p. 6).
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U.S. Naturalization Policy

U.S. Naturalization Policy

Date: January 16, 2014
Creator: Kandel, William A.
Description: This report reviews the rights and obligations that come with naturalization. It examines the naturalization process, discusses recent trends regarding who, among the roughly 1 million immigrants entering the United States each year, ultimately becomes a U.S. citizen, and discusses recent naturalization-related policy issues.
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State Challenges to Federal Enforcement of Immigration Law: Historical Precedents and Pending Litigation

State Challenges to Federal Enforcement of Immigration Law: Historical Precedents and Pending Litigation

Date: December 31, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report provides an overview of prior and pending challenges by states to federal officials' alleged failure to enforce the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) or other provisions of immigration law. It begins by discussing the lawsuits filed by six states in the mid-1990s; Arizona's counterclaims to the federal government's suit to enjoin enforcement of S.B. 1070; and Mississippi's challenge to the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) initiative. It then describes the challenge brought by over 20 states in 2014 to the recently announced expansion of DACA and the creation of a similar program for unlawfully present aliens whose children are U.S. citizens or lawful permanent resident aliens (LPRs). The report concludes by exploring how the pending litigation resembles, and differs from, the prior litigation.
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State Efforts to Deter Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Analysis of Arizona's S.B. 1070

State Efforts to Deter Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Analysis of Arizona's S.B. 1070

Date: May 3, 2010
Creator: Garcia, Michael J.; Eig, Larry M. & Kim, Yule
Description: This report discusses the major provisions of S.B.1070, as modified by H.B. 2162, and the legal and constitutional considerations possibly implicated by their implementation. The report focuses primarily on those provisions that require state enforcement of federal immigration law and impose criminal penalties for immigration-related conduct, and discusses preemption issues that might be raised by these measures.
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Alien Removals and Returns: Overview and Trends

Alien Removals and Returns: Overview and Trends

Date: February 3, 2015
Creator: Siskin, Alison
Description: This report provides an overview of the statutory framework for alien removal and briefly describes the standard removal process. It also describes several streamlined forms of removal, and two alternative forms of removal (often referred to as returns) that exempt aliens from certain penalties associated with formal removal: voluntary departure and withdrawal of petition for admission. In addition, the report discusses recent trends in removals and returns, and concludes with a summary of potential avenues for relief from removal.
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Nonimmigrant Overstays: Brief Synthesis of the Issue

Nonimmigrant Overstays: Brief Synthesis of the Issue

Date: January 15, 2010
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses a fundamental problem of immigration control in which foreign nationals enter legally on a temporary basis and continue to stay after their visas expire.
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Immigration Detainers: Legal Issues

Immigration Detainers: Legal Issues

Date: May 7, 2015
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: An "immigration detainer" is a document by which U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) advises other law enforcement agencies of its interest in individual aliens whom these agencies are detaining. This report surveys the various authorities governing immigration detainers, including the standard detainer form (Form I-247) sent by ICE to other law enforcement agencies. The report also discusses key legal issues raised by immigration detainers.
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Immigration Detainers: Legal Issues

Immigration Detainers: Legal Issues

Date: May 29, 2013
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: Report that provides background information regarding the Immigration and Naturalization Service rules and regulations and discusses the "immigration detainer", a document by which U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) advises other law enforcement agencies that it seeks custody of individual aliens whom these agencies are detaining.
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Immigration Detainers: Legal Issues

Immigration Detainers: Legal Issues

Date: August 31, 2012
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: Report that surveys the various authorities governing immigration detainers, including the standard detainer form (Form I-247) sent by ICE to other law enforcement agencies. The report also discusses key legal issues raised by immigration detainers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 112th Congress

Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 112th Congress

Date: January 12, 2012
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses immigration-related issues that have received legislative action or are of significant congressional interest in the 112th Congress.
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Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 112th Congress

Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 112th Congress

Date: September 11, 2012
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses immigration-related issues that have received legislative action or are of significant congressional interest in the 112th Congress.
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Removing Aliens from the United States: Judicial Review of Removal Orders

Removing Aliens from the United States: Judicial Review of Removal Orders

Date: September 25, 2009
Creator: Kim, Yule
Description: This report analyzes the jurisdictional issues in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) by focusing on the procedural mechanisms used to initiate judicial review and the reach of an Article III court's jurisdiction to review a removal order.
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State Efforts to Deter Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Analysis of Arizona's S.B. 1070

State Efforts to Deter Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Analysis of Arizona's S.B. 1070

Date: September 14, 2010
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.; Garcia, Michael John & Eig, Larry M.
Description: On April 23, 2010, Arizona enacted S.B. 1070, which is designed to discourage and deter the entry or presence of aliens who lack lawful status under federal immigration law. This report discusses this piece of legislation and some of the notable preemption issues raised by its provisions. Where relevant, it examines the district court's ruling that the federal government is likely to succeed on the merits of its arguments that certain sections of S.B. 1070 are preempted by federal law. It also discusses other preemption issues potentially raised by S.B. 1070 or similar legislation, including some issues that were not expressly addressed by the district court in its preliminary ruling.
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