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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview
This report discusses the immigration problem regarding the number of unaccompanied alien children (UAC) arriving in the United States borders. The report discusses the scope of the problem, current policy challenges, and the processing and treatment of the UAC apprehended. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc332897/
Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview
This report discusses the immigration problem regarding the number of unaccompanied alien children (UAC) arriving in the United States borders. The report discusses the scope of the problem, current policy challenges, and the processing and treatment of the UAC apprehended. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc332874/
Unaccompanied Alien Children--Legal Issues: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions
This report addresses the questions regarding the numbers of unaccompanied alien children involved, their reasons for coming to the United States, and current and potential responses of the federal government and other entities to their arrival. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc332955/
Refugee Admissions and Resettlement Policy
Typically, the annual number of refugees that can be admitted into the United States, known as the refugee ceiling, and the allocation of these numbers by region are set by the President after consultation with Congress at the start of each fiscal year. For FY2012, the worldwide refugee ceiling is 76,000, with 73,000 admissions numbers allocated among the regions of the world and 3,000 numbers comprising an unallocated reserve. Overseas processing of refugees is conducted through a system of three priorities for admission. Priority 1 comprises cases involving persons facing compelling security concerns. Priority 2 comprises cases involving persons from specific groups of special humanitarian concern to the United States (e.g., Iranian religious minorities). Priority 3 comprises family reunification cases involving close relatives of persons admitted as refugees or granted asylum. Special legislative provisions facilitate relief for certain refugee groups. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc86642/
Immigration of Temporary Lower-Skilled Workers: Current Policy and Related Issues
U.S. employers in various industries argue that they need to hire foreign workers to perform lower-skilled jobs, while others maintain that many of these positions could be filled by U.S. workers. While the discussion of current guest worker programs in this report focuses on the H-2A and H- 2B visas, it also covers the Summer Work Travel (SWT) program, the largest of several programs under the J-1 visa for participants in work- and study-based exchange visitor programs. The SWT program is particularly relevant because participants work largely in unskilled jobs, including H-2B-like seasonal jobs at resorts and amusement parks. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc86614/
Alien Eligibility for Public Assistance
This report discusses the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, which affected alien eligibility for federal, state, and local government assistance programs, both imposing and broadening restrictions on a number of immigration benefits and programs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs460/
Alien Eligibility for Public Assistance
This report discusses the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, which affected alien eligibility for federal, state, and local government assistance programs, both imposing and broadening restrictions on a number of immigration benefits and programs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs716/
Refugee Admissions and Resettlement Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3164/
Immigration: Reasons for Growth, 1981-1995
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs462/
Refugee Admissions and Resettlement Policy: Facts and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs996/
Immigration Issues and Legislation in the 98th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8839/
Refugee Act Reauthorization: Admissions and Resettlement Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8837/
Visa Waiver Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7846/
Visa Waiver Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5947/
Unauthorized Aliens Residing in the United States: Estimates Since 1986
This report discusses a rise in the unauthorized resident ("illegal") alien population from 1986 to 2010. It looks at reasons that illegal aliens stay resort to breaking the law and how illegal aliens affect the workforce in certain industries. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc94099/
Authority of State and Local Police to Enforce Federal Immigration Law
This report discusses the authority of state and local law enforcement to assist in the enforcement of federal immigration law through the investigation and arrest of persons believed to have violated such laws. It describes current provisions in federal law that permit state and local police to enforce immigration law directly, analyzes major cases concerning the ability of states and localities to assist in immigration enforcement, and briefly examines opinions on the issue by the Office of Legal Counsel (OLC) within the Department of Justice. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31375/
Border Security: Barriers Along the U.S. International Border
Congress has been considering expanding the barriers currently deployed along the U.S. international land border. Currently, the United States Border Patrol (USBP) deploys fencing, which aims to impede the illegal entry of individuals, and vehicle barriers, which aim to impede the illegal entry of vehicles (but not individuals) along the border. A number of policy issues concerning border barriers generally and fencing specifically may be of interest to Congress, including, but not limited to: their effectiveness; their costs versus their benefits; their location; their design; and their potential diplomatic ramifications. Prominent bills include House-passed H.R. 4437 and H.R. 6061, and Senate-passed S. 2611, and H.R. 5631. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9562/
Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and "DREAM Act" Legislation
Supporters of comprehensive immigration reform have urged the President and Congress to pursue reform legislation. While legislative action on comprehensive reform does not appear likely during the remainder of the 111th Congress, there may be an effort to enact a measure, commonly referred to as the "DREAM Act," to enable certain unauthorized alien students to legalize their status. Multiple bills have been introduced in recent Congresses to address the unauthorized student population. This report discusses the DREAM Act, the topic of unauthorized alien students in general, and other related legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29691/
Immigration-Related Provisions of Selected Bills on Religious Persecution
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs573/
Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3731/
Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1382/
Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1381/
Immigration Issues in Trade Agreements
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7700/
Immigration: Terrorist Grounds for Exclusion and Removal of Aliens
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9548/
Immigration: A Guide to Internet Sources
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5953/
Immigration: A Guide to Internet Sources
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5030/
Immigration: A Guide to Internet Sources
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5029/
Immigration: A Guide to Internet Sources
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3169/
Immigration: A Guide to Internet Sources
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3168/
Visa Policy: Roles of the Departments of State and Homeland Security
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5949/
Arizona v. United States: A Limited Role for States in Immigration Enforcement
Report that discusses the Supreme Court's ruling in Arizona v. United States, and considers the implications that the decision may have for immigration enforcement activity by states and localities. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227808/
Immigration and Naturalization Service: Restructuring Proposals in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2778/
Immigration and Naturalization Service: Restructuring Proposals in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2777/
Immigration and Naturalization Service: Restructuring Proposals in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2776/
Immigration and Naturalization Service: Restructuring Proposals in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2775/
Immigration and Naturalization Service Reorganization and Related Legislative Proposals
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1214/
Immigration and Naturalization Services's FY2000 Budget
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs986/
Immigration and Naturalization Service Reorganization and Related Legislative Proposals
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1711/
Immigration and Naturalization Service Reorganization and Related Legislative Proposals
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1710/
Unauthorized Aliens in the United States: Policy Discussion
This report discusses the unauthorized immigrant (illegal alien) population in the United States, which is a key and controversial immigration issue. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc287965/
Visa Waiver Program
This report discusses the visa waiver program (VWP), which allows foreign visitors to bypass the first, screening step for admissibility to enter the United States. Some policymakers are concerned that this waiver allows terrorists to more easily enter the country. The report provides waiver-related statistics and related legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc332972/
Temporary Protected Status: Current Immigration Policy and Issues
This report is a brief overview of current policies regarding temporatry protected status (TPS), which is relief from removal under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). It includes information about humanitarian migrants, temporary protected status, other blanket forms of relief, nationalities receiving protections, and issues with TPS, as well as recent legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc94175/
Unauthorized Aliens' Access to Federal Benefits: Policy and Issues
This report focuses on the policy and legislative debate surrounding unauthorized aliens' access to federal benefits. Federal law bars aliens residing without authorization in the United States from most federal benefits; however, there is a widely held perception that many unauthorized aliens obtain such benefits. The degree to which unauthorized resident aliens should be accorded certain rights and privileges as a result of their residence in the United States, along with the duties owed by such aliens given their presence, remains the subject of debate in Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc94147/
Visa Security Policy: Roles of the Departments of State and Homeland Security
This report discusses the visa security and visa policy questions, debated in the 112th Congress.. The policy questions center on whether immigration law needs to be strengthened, whether funding should be increased, and which agency should take the lead. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40089/
Basic Questions on U.S. Citizenship and Naturalization
U.S. citizenship is conferred at birth under the principle of jus soli (nationality of place of birth) and the principle of jus sanguinis (nationality of parents). The U.S. Constitution states as a fundamental rule of jus soli citizenship that "all persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside." The exceptions to universal citizenship comprehended by the requirement that a person be born "subject to the jurisdiction thereof" include: (1) children born to a foreign sovereign or accredited diplomatic official; (2) children born on a foreign public vessel, such as a warship; (3) children born to an alien enemy in hostile occupation; and (4) native Indians. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26024/
Mexican Workers in the United States: A Comparison with Workers from Social Security Totalization Countries
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7699/
Refugee Assistance in the Foreign Aid Bill: Problems and Prospects
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3161/
Refugee Assistance in the Foreign Aid Bill: Problems and Prospects
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3160/
Refugee Assistance in the Foreign Aid Bill: Problems and Prospects
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1823/
Refugee Assistance in the Foreign Aid Bill: Problems and Prospects
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1252/