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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Dominican Republic: Tensions with Haiti over Citizenship and Migration Issues

The Dominican Republic: Tensions with Haiti over Citizenship and Migration Issues

Date: July 15, 2015
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare; Margesson, Rhoda & Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: This report discusses the dispute between the Dominican Republic and Haiti regarding the citizenship status of some 200,000 Dominicans of Haitian descent, as well as undocumented migrants in the Dominican Republic, which threatens to exacerbate tensions between the two neighbors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State and Local Restrictions on Employing, Renting Property to, or Providing Services for Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Issues and Recent Judicial Developments

State and Local Restrictions on Employing, Renting Property to, or Providing Services for Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Issues and Recent Judicial Developments

Date: May 8, 2009
Creator: Kim, Yule; Feder, Jody & Smith, Alison M.
Description: This report discusses the constitutional issues raised in relation to state and local laws intended to deter the presence of unauthorized aliens, along with the implications that federal civil rights statutes might have on the implementation and enforcement of measures restricting such persons' ability to obtain employment, housing, or other state and local benefits or services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electronic Employment Eligibility Verification

Electronic Employment Eligibility Verification

Date: March 13, 2009
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses E-Verify, a program in which participating employers submit information about their new hires (name, date of birth, Social Security number, immigration/citizenship status, and alien number, if applicable) from the I-9 form. This information is automatically compared with information in Social Security Administration and, if necessary, DHS databases to verify identity and employment eligibility.
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U.S. Immigration Policy on Permanent Admissions

U.S. Immigration Policy on Permanent Admissions

Date: March 9, 2009
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses the four major principles underlie current U.S. policy on permanent immigration: the reunification of families, the admission of immigrants with needed skills, the protection of refugees, and the diversity of admissions by country of origin.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration of Foreign Workers: Labor Market Tests and Protections

Immigration of Foreign Workers: Labor Market Tests and Protections

Date: March 20, 2009
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses ยง1611, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, which requires companies receiving Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) funding to comply with the more rigorous labor market rules of H-1B dependent companies if they hire foreign workers on H-1B visas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Enforcing Immigration Law: The Role of State and Local Law Enforcement

Enforcing Immigration Law: The Role of State and Local Law Enforcement

Date: March 11, 2009
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa M.; Ester, Karma & Garcia, Michael J.
Description: This report examines some of the policy and legal issues that may accompany an increased role of state and local law officials in the enforcement of immigration law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Border Security: Barriers Along the U.S. International Border

Border Security: Barriers Along the U.S. International Border

Date: March 16, 2009
Creator: Haddal, Chad C.; Kim, Yule & Garcia, Michael J.
Description: This report analyzes the barriers that are currently being constructed and maintained along the border by the U.S. Border Patrol (USBP), including historical and future cost estimates and the policy issues involved. Because the current debate has largely focused on the deployment of fencing to the border, this report will focus on the policy issues surrounding the construction of border fencing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Temporary Protected Status: Current Immigration Policy and Issues

Temporary Protected Status: Current Immigration Policy and Issues

Date: July 1, 2015
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa; Ester, Karma & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report is a brief overview of current policies regarding temporary protected status (TPS), which is relief from removal under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). It includes information about humanitarian migrants, temporary protected status, other blanket forms of relief, nationalities receiving protections, and issues with TPS, as well as recent legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Immigration Policy on Permanent Admissions

U.S. Immigration Policy on Permanent Admissions

Date: February 29, 2009
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses the four major principles underlie current U.S. policy on permanent immigration: the reunification of families, the admission of immigrants with needed skills, the protection of refugees, and the diversity of admissions by country of origin.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State and Local "Sanctuary" Policies Limiting Participation in Immigration Enforcement

State and Local "Sanctuary" Policies Limiting Participation in Immigration Enforcement

Date: July 10, 2015
Creator: Garcia, Michael J. & Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses legal issues related to state and local measures that limit law enforcement cooperation with federal immigration authorities. The report begins by providing a brief overview of the constitutional principles informing the relationship between federal immigration authorities and state and local jurisdictions, including the federal government's power to preempt state and local activities under the Supremacy Clause, and the Tenth Amendment's proscription against Congress directly "commandeering" the states to administer a federally enacted regulatory scheme.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: Policy Considerations Related to Guest Worker Programs

Immigration: Policy Considerations Related to Guest Worker Programs

Date: May 28, 2008
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses guest worker programs. The United States has two main programs for temporarily importing low-skilled workers, or guest workers. Agricultural guest workers enter through the H-2A visa program, and other guest workers enter through the H-2B visa program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Expedited Citizenship Through Military Service: Current Law, Policy, and Issues

Expedited Citizenship Through Military Service: Current Law, Policy, and Issues

Date: February 25, 2009
Creator: Lee, Margaret Mikyung & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report gives an overview of the history of naturalization based on military service, discusses current law and policy, analyzes data on noncitizens in the military today and prior to the enactment of P.L. 108- 136, and discusses current legislative proposals and related issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Employment in the United States: Issues, Options, and Legislation

Unauthorized Employment in the United States: Issues, Options, and Legislation

Date: March 2, 2009
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: As immigration reform and the illegal alien population have gained congressional and public attention in the past several years, the issue of unauthorized employment has come to the fore. It is widely accepted that most unauthorized aliens enter and remain in the United States in order to work. This report discusses options for addressing the issue of unauthorized employment in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Treatment of Noncitizens in H.R. 3200

Treatment of Noncitizens in H.R. 3200

Date: August 26, 2009
Creator: Siskin, Alison & Lunder, Erika K.
Description: This report outlines the treatment of noncitizens under H.R. 3200, America's Affordable Health Choices Act of 2009. The report analyzes specific provisions in H.R. 3200, and whether there are eligibility requirements for noncitizens in the selected provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Passports: Current Regulations

Passports: Current Regulations

Date: August 4, 2009
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.
Description: This report discusses current U.S. passport requirements and costs, as well as related policy concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Policy Challenges in International Migration

Policy Challenges in International Migration

Date: August 11, 2009
Creator: Haddal, Chad C.
Description: This report serves as a broad overview of the standard theory of international migration and offers a brief synopsis of the major immigration-related policy challenges relative to the legislative debates in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Ethics in Immigration Matters: Legal Representation and Unauthorized Practice of Law

Legal Ethics in Immigration Matters: Legal Representation and Unauthorized Practice of Law

Date: September 18, 2009
Creator: Mikyung Lee, Margaret
Description: Report regarding recent issues in which the Executive Office of Immigration Review (EOIR), the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), and various state attorneys general have taken action to address the problems posed by unethical conduct by immigration attorneys and by persons posing as immigration attorneys, such as so-called "notarios" and other immigration consultants.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuban Migration to the United States: Policy and Trends

Cuban Migration to the United States: Policy and Trends

Date: May 7, 2009
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report opens with a historical analysis of the unique immigration policy that evolved with Cuba and an explanation of its nexus with other federal policies. It follows with time series analysis of Cuban migration trends. The report concludes by discussing current challenges and issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Aliens' Access to Federal Benefits: Policy and Issues

Unauthorized Aliens' Access to Federal Benefits: Policy and Issues

Date: August 20, 2009
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report focuses on the policy and legislative debate surrounding unauthorized aliens' access to federal benefits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Removing Aliens from the United States: Judicial Review of Removal Orders

Removing Aliens from the United States: Judicial Review of Removal Orders

Date: September 25, 2009
Creator: Kim, Yule
Description: This report analyzes the jurisdictional issues in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) by focusing on the procedural mechanisms used to initiate judicial review and the reach of an Article III court's jurisdiction to review a removal order.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: Policy Considerations Related to Guest Worker Programs

Immigration: Policy Considerations Related to Guest Worker Programs

Date: July 28, 2009
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses guest worker programs. The United States has two main programs for temporarily importing low-skilled workers, or guest workers. Agricultural guest workers enter through the H-2A visa program, and other guest workers enter through the H-2B visa program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuban Migration to the United States: Policy and Trends

Cuban Migration to the United States: Policy and Trends

Date: June 2, 2009
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report opens with a historical analysis of the unique immigration policy that evolved with Cuba and an explanation of its nexus with other federal policies. It follows with time series analysis of Cuban migration trends. The report concludes by discussing current challenges and issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Immigration Policy on Permanent Admissions

U.S. Immigration Policy on Permanent Admissions

Date: July 20, 2009
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses the four major principles underlie current U.S. policy on permanent immigration: the reunification of families, the admission of immigrants with needed skills, the protection of refugees, and the diversity of admissions by country of origin.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Protective Service and Contract Security Guards: A Statutory History and Current Status

The Federal Protective Service and Contract Security Guards: A Statutory History and Current Status

Date: August 20, 2009
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Description: This report discusses the Federal Protective Service (FPS) - within U.S. Immigration Customs Enforcement (ICE) in the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) - is responsible for protecting federal government property, personnel, visitors, and customers, including property leased by the General Services Administration (GSA). This report describes the FPS in brief as well as legislative actions currently being discussed in the 111th Congress that could affect FPS in the future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department