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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
President Obama's $1 Billion Foreign Aid Request for Central America

President Obama's $1 Billion Foreign Aid Request for Central America

Date: November 25, 2015
Creator: Meyer, Peter J. & Ribando Seelke, Clare
Description: This report discusses the Obama Administration's recent request for over $1 billion in foreign assistance in FY2016 to support a whole-of-government "U.S. Strategy for Engagement in Central America."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: Visa Security Policies

Immigration: Visa Security Policies

Date: November 18, 2015
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report opens with an overview of visa issuance policy. It then explains the key provisions that guide the documentary requirements and approval/disapproval process. Visa revocation, a reoccurring issue of concern to Congress, and the visa security program are discussed as well.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.N. Convention Against Torture: Overview of U.S. Implementation Policy Concerning the Removal of Aliens

The U.N. Convention Against Torture: Overview of U.S. Implementation Policy Concerning the Removal of Aliens

Date: January 21, 2009
Creator: Garcia, Michael J.
Description: This report discusses the United Nations Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT), which requires signatory parties to take measures to end torture within their territorial jurisdictions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Obama Administration's Announced Immigration Initiative: A Primer

The Obama Administration's Announced Immigration Initiative: A Primer

Date: November 24, 2014
Creator: unknown
Description: This report discusses the immigration initiative announced by Obama administration that could enable a substantial portion of the unlawfully-present alien population to obtain temporary relief from removal and work authorization.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Base Closures: Socioeconomic Impacts

Military Base Closures: Socioeconomic Impacts

Date: January 13, 2009
Creator: Cowan, Tadlock & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Description: This report provides background on military base closures and an analysis of community economic impacts, planning for economic redevelopment, and environmental cleanup following closures. The most recent Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Commission rejected 13 of the initial Department of Defense recommendations, significantly modified the recommendations for 13 other installations, and approved 22 major closures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Birthright Citizenship and Children Born in the United States to Alien Parents: An Overview of the Legal Debate

Birthright Citizenship and Children Born in the United States to Alien Parents: An Overview of the Legal Debate

Date: October 28, 2015
Creator: Wyatt, Alexandra M.
Description: This report provides a brief historical review of U.S. citizenship from the time of the founding through the Civil Rights Act of 1866 and the Citizenship Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of 1868.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Can States and Localities Bar the Resettlement of Syrian Refugees Within Their Jurisdictions?

Can States and Localities Bar the Resettlement of Syrian Refugees Within Their Jurisdictions?

Date: November 18, 2015
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar discusses an intention to restrict the resettlement of Syrian refugees within individual states and states' authority in the refugee resettlement process, which may take action to forestall or prevent such resettlement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Investor Visas: Policies and Issues

Foreign Investor Visas: Policies and Issues

Date: February 24, 2009
Creator: Haddal, Chad C.
Description: This report provides a brief legislative background, discussions of immigrant and nonimmigrant investor's visas, a comparison of U.S. and Canadian immigrant investor programs, an analysis of the relationship between investment and migration, and finally a review of current issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Temporary Protected Status: Current Immigration Policy and Issues

Temporary Protected Status: Current Immigration Policy and Issues

Date: September 2, 2015
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa; Ester, Karma & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report is a brief overview of current policies regarding temporary protected status (TPS), which is relief from removal under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). It includes information about humanitarian migrants, temporary protected status, other blanket forms of relief, nationalities receiving protections, and issues with TPS, as well as recent legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Long Range Strike Bomber Begins to Emerge

Long Range Strike Bomber Begins to Emerge

Date: September 2, 2015
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah
Description: This report discusses the U.S. Air Force's top three procurement priorities, including the LRS-B program, which is intended to yield 80 to 100 strategic bombers to replace aging B-52s and B-1s, beginning in the mid-2020s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Consequences of Criminal Activity

Immigration Consequences of Criminal Activity

Date: June 2, 2008
Creator: Kim, Yule & Garcia, Michael John
Description: This report discusses the potential immigration consequences of criminal activity. "Criminal activity" generally refers to conduct for which an alien has been found or plead guilty before a court of law, though in limited circumstances consequences may attach to the commission of a crime or admission of acts constituting the essential elements of a crime.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Visa Waiver Program

Visa Waiver Program

Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Siskin, Alison
Description: This report discusses the visa waiver program (VWP), which allows for a bypass of the first step by which foreign visitors are screened for admissibility to enter the United States. Some policymakers are concerned that this waiver allows terrorists to more easily enter the country. The report provides waiver-related statistics and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sanctuary Jurisdictions and Criminal Aliens: In Brief

Sanctuary Jurisdictions and Criminal Aliens: In Brief

Date: July 24, 2015
Creator: Kandel, William A. & Seghetti, Lisa
Description: This report examines the interplay between the federal government -- i.e., Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) -- and state and local jurisdictions in enforcing immigration law, with a specific focus on noncitizens who have been convicted of a crime. It briefly outlines the evolution of the cooperation among law enforcement agencies, then discusses current administrative efforts to involve state and local law enforcement, and explores major programs and federal resources available to those agencies that cooperate with ICE to enforce immigration law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Regulatory Improvement Act Included in Senate Appropriations Bill

Financial Regulatory Improvement Act Included in Senate Appropriations Bill

Date: August 27, 2015
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M.; Labonte, Marc & Webel, Baird
Description: This report highlights some of the major policy proposals included in S. 1484, as reported by the Senate Banking Committee on June 2, 2015. The text of the bill was among the financial regulatory changes included in the FY2016 Financial Services and General Government Appropriations Act (S. 1910). S. 1484 encompasses a broad package of reforms to the financial regulatory system, including some changes to the Dodd-Frank Act (P.L. 111-203).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview

Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview

Date: August 18, 2015
Creator: Kandel, William A. & Seghetti, Lisa
Description: This report opens with an analysis of recent unaccompanied alien children (UAC) apprehension data. It then discusses current policy on the treatment, care, and custody of the population, with a description of the responsibilities of each federal agency involved with the population. The report then discusses both administrative and congressional actions to deal with the UAC surge in FY2014 and ongoing action to address possible future surges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Europe's Migration and Refugee Crisis

Europe's Migration and Refugee Crisis

Date: September 4, 2015
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Margesson, Rhoda
Description: This report discusses the migration and refugee crisis in Europe, as people flee conflict and poverty in neighboring regions. Many are from the Middle East and Africa; others come from Ukraine, as well as Kosovo and elsewhere in the Western Balkans. Experts have characterized the influxes as mixed migration, defined as flows of different groups of people--such as economic migrants, refugees, asylum-seekers, stateless persons, trafficked persons, and unaccompanied children--who travel the same routes and use the same modes of transportation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Syrian Refugee Admissions to the United States

Syrian Refugee Admissions to the United States

Date: September 10, 2015
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report briefly discusses issues regarding refugees fleeing from Syria. With some European countries pledging to accept increased numbers of Syrian and other asylum seekers in the face of a refugee crisis, attention is focused on the United States and its plans to admit Syrian and other refugees in FY2016 and beyond.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration-Related Document Fraud: Overview of Civil, Criminal, and Immigration Consequences

Immigration-Related Document Fraud: Overview of Civil, Criminal, and Immigration Consequences

Date: January 23, 2009
Creator: Kim, Yule & Garcia, Michael J.
Description: This report discusses the primary civil, criminal, and immigration-related penalties associated with immigration-related document fraud. In order to enter or remain in the United States and be eligible for various immigration-related benefits, non-citizens (aliens) must comply with a number of document requirements under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Dominican Republic: Tensions with Haiti over Citizenship and Migration Issues

The Dominican Republic: Tensions with Haiti over Citizenship and Migration Issues

Date: July 15, 2015
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare; Margesson, Rhoda & Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: This report discusses the dispute between the Dominican Republic and Haiti regarding the citizenship status of some 200,000 Dominicans of Haitian descent, as well as undocumented migrants in the Dominican Republic, which threatens to exacerbate tensions between the two neighbors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State and Local Restrictions on Employing, Renting Property to, or Providing Services for Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Issues and Recent Judicial Developments

State and Local Restrictions on Employing, Renting Property to, or Providing Services for Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Issues and Recent Judicial Developments

Date: May 8, 2009
Creator: Kim, Yule; Feder, Jody & Smith, Alison M.
Description: This report discusses the constitutional issues raised in relation to state and local laws intended to deter the presence of unauthorized aliens, along with the implications that federal civil rights statutes might have on the implementation and enforcement of measures restricting such persons' ability to obtain employment, housing, or other state and local benefits or services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electronic Employment Eligibility Verification

Electronic Employment Eligibility Verification

Date: March 13, 2009
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses E-Verify, a program in which participating employers submit information about their new hires (name, date of birth, Social Security number, immigration/citizenship status, and alien number, if applicable) from the I-9 form. This information is automatically compared with information in Social Security Administration and, if necessary, DHS databases to verify identity and employment eligibility.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Immigration Policy on Permanent Admissions

U.S. Immigration Policy on Permanent Admissions

Date: March 9, 2009
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses the four major principles underlie current U.S. policy on permanent immigration: the reunification of families, the admission of immigrants with needed skills, the protection of refugees, and the diversity of admissions by country of origin.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration of Foreign Workers: Labor Market Tests and Protections

Immigration of Foreign Workers: Labor Market Tests and Protections

Date: March 20, 2009
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses ยง1611, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, which requires companies receiving Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) funding to comply with the more rigorous labor market rules of H-1B dependent companies if they hire foreign workers on H-1B visas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Enforcing Immigration Law: The Role of State and Local Law Enforcement

Enforcing Immigration Law: The Role of State and Local Law Enforcement

Date: March 11, 2009
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa M.; Ester, Karma & Garcia, Michael J.
Description: This report examines some of the policy and legal issues that may accompany an increased role of state and local law officials in the enforcement of immigration law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department