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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Noncitizen Eligibility for Federal Public Assistance: Policy Overview and Trends

Noncitizen Eligibility for Federal Public Assistance: Policy Overview and Trends

Date: September 24, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses the extent to which residents of the United States who are not U.S. citizens should be eligible for federally-funded public aid. This issue meets at the intersection of two major policy areas: immigration policy and welfare policy. This report deals with the four major federal means-tested benefit programs: the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly food stamps), the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant programs, and Medicaid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unaccompanied Alien Children: Demographics in Brief

Unaccompanied Alien Children: Demographics in Brief

Date: September 24, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen & Morris, Austin
Description: This report discusses children coming to the United States who are not accompanied by parents or legal guardians and who lack proper immigration documents has raised complex and competing sets of humanitarian concerns and immigration control issues. This report focuses on the demographics of unaccompanied alien children while they are in removal proceedings.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Elementary and Secondary Education Programs and Unaccompanied Alien Children

Federal Elementary and Secondary Education Programs and Unaccompanied Alien Children

Date: September 22, 2014
Creator: Skinner, Rebecca R. & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report addresses possible sources of federal support for schools and local educational agencies that have enrolled unaccompanied alien children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Aliens' Access to Federal Benefits: Policy and Issues

Unauthorized Aliens' Access to Federal Benefits: Policy and Issues

Date: September 22, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report focuses on the policy and legislative debate surrounding unauthorized aliens' access to federal benefits. The number of foreign-born people residing in the United States (40.7 million) is at the highest level in our history and, as a portion of the U.S. population, has reached a percentage (13%) not seen since the early 20th century.1 Of the foreign-born residents in the United States, approximately one-third are speculated to be unauthorized residents (often characterized as illegal aliens).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraqi and Afghan Special Immigrant Visa Programs

Iraqi and Afghan Special Immigrant Visa Programs

Date: September 12, 2014
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report analyzes the special immigrant visa (SIV) classifications for Iraqis and Afghans within the context of both the larger Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) special immigrant category and selected other permanent admissions categories. It discusses the legislative changes to the individual Iraqi and Afghan special immigrant programs since their initial authorization, provides statistics on visa issuance, and considers challenges facing the programs today.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Asylum and Gang Violence: Legal Overview

Asylum and Gang Violence: Legal Overview

Date: September 5, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses the basis for asylum in International and U.S. Law. The recent increase in the number of unaccompanied alien children (UACs) apprehended at the border between Mexico and the United States has raised questions about the role that gang-related violence in Central America may play in determining whether such children are eligible for refugee status and asylum.
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Special Immigrant Juveniles: In Brief

Special Immigrant Juveniles: In Brief

Date: August 29, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report provides a brief explanation of the statutory basis of special immigrant juvenile (SIJ) status and how it has evolved. It also presents statistics on the number of children who have applied for and received SIJ status since FY2005. The report concludes with a discussion of the applicability of SIJ status for unaccompanied alien children.
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Immigration Policies and Issues on Health-Related Grounds for Exclusion

Immigration Policies and Issues on Health-Related Grounds for Exclusion

Date: August 13, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses the criteria that foreign nationals must meet before admission to the United States, specifically examining the health-related grounds for exclusion. It provides this information in the context of recent outbreaks of communicable diseases abroad such as Ebola in West Africa, avian influenza in China, polio in the middle east, and dengue fever in the Caribbean.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Asylum Policies for Unaccompanied Children Compared with Expedited Removal Policies for Unauthorized Adults: In Brief

Asylum Policies for Unaccompanied Children Compared with Expedited Removal Policies for Unauthorized Adults: In Brief

Date: July 30, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report focuses on unaccompanied alien children as asylum seekers. To bring clarity to the unique policies toward unaccompanied children, this report compares their treatment to that of unauthorized adults and families with children in the specific contexts of asylum and expedited removal.
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Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview

Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview

Date: July 28, 2014
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa; Siskin, Alison & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report opens with an analysis of the data of the recent surge in UAC crossing the border. It then discusses current policy on the treatment, care, and custody of the population. The processing and treatment of UAC is detailed, with a discussion of each agency that is involved with the population. The report then discusses both Administrative and Congressional action to deal with the current crisis. As this issue is still emerging, the report concludes with a series of questions related to UAC that remain unanswered.
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Unaccompanied Alien Children--Legal Issues: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions

Unaccompanied Alien Children--Legal Issues: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions

Date: July 18, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Garcia, Michael John
Description: This report addresses the questions regarding the number of children arriving at the United States southern border, their reasons for coming to the United States, and current and potential responses of the federal government and other entities to their arrival
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unaccompanied Alien Children: Potential Factors Contributing to Recent Immigration

Unaccompanied Alien Children: Potential Factors Contributing to Recent Immigration

Date: July 3, 2014
Creator: Kandel, William A.; Bruno, Andorra; Meyer, Peter J.; Seelke, Clare Ribando; Taft-Morales, Maureen & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report begins by describing the recent surge in unaccompanied child apprehensions. It discusses several factors widely associated with out-migration from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras. The report then discusses three broad factors that may be attracting migrants to the United States: economic and educational opportunity, family reunification, and U.S. immigration policies. It concludes with caveats on the attribution of causes to this situation.
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Unaccompanied Alien Children--Legal Issues: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions

Unaccompanied Alien Children--Legal Issues: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions

Date: June 27, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Garcia, Michael John
Description: This report addresses the questions regarding the numbers of unaccompanied alien children involved, their reasons for coming to the United States, and current and potential responses of the federal government and other entities to their arrival.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview

Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview

Date: June 23, 2014
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa; Siskin, Alison & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses the immigration problem regarding the number of unaccompanied alien children (UAC) arriving in the United States borders. The report discusses the scope of the problem, current policy challenges, and the processing and treatment of the UAC apprehended.
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Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview

Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview

Date: June 13, 2014
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa; Siskin, Alison & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses the immigration problem regarding the number of unaccompanied alien children (UAC) arriving in the United States borders. The report discusses the scope of the problem, current policy challenges, and the processing and treatment of the UAC apprehended.
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Immigration: Visa Security Policies

Immigration: Visa Security Policies

Date: June 9, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: The report includes an overview of visa issuance policy and explains the key provisions that guide the documentary requirements and approval/disapproval process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Treatment of Noncitizens Under the Affordable Care Act

Treatment of Noncitizens Under the Affordable Care Act

Date: May 21, 2014
Creator: Siskin, Alison & Lunder, Erika K.
Description: This report provides information regarding the treatment of noncitizens under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) including definitions of "lawfully present," the health insurance mandate, exchanges, and ACA changes to Medicaid. It also discusses the verification of alien status under the ACA and related legislation in the 113th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Aliens in the United States: Policy Discussion

Unauthorized Aliens in the United States: Policy Discussion

Date: May 8, 2014
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses the unauthorized immigrant (illegal alien) population in the United States, which is a key and controversial immigration issue.
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Unauthorized Aliens in the United States: Policy Discussion

Unauthorized Aliens in the United States: Policy Discussion

Date: May 8, 2014
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses the unauthorized immigrant (illegal alien) population in the United States, which is a key and controversial immigration issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Apprehensions of Unauthorized Migrants along the Southwest Border: Fact Sheet

Apprehensions of Unauthorized Migrants along the Southwest Border: Fact Sheet

Date: May 2, 2014
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa & Durak, Daniel
Description: This report discusses the number of illegal alien apprehensions between southern ports of entry (POE) in the United States, which has generally declined.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Policies and Issues on Health-Related Grounds for Exclusion

Immigration Policies and Issues on Health-Related Grounds for Exclusion

Date: April 28, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses the criteria that foreign nationals must meet before admission to the United States including the reasons why a foreign national might be denied admission, most particularly on health-related grounds. It describes this issue in relation to the recent outbreak of the 2009 H1N1 ("swine flu") virus, and how the outbreak has affected various government agencies, such as the Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agency within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). This report also discusses efforts to confront and address related issues on a legislative front.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Detainers: Legal Issues

Immigration Detainers: Legal Issues

Date: April 24, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report provides background information regarding the Immigration and Naturalization Service rules and regulations and discusses the "immigration detainer," a document by which U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) advises other law enforcement agencies that it seeks custody of individual aliens whom these agencies are detaining.
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State and Local "Sanctuary" Policies Limiting Participation in Immigration Enforcement

State and Local "Sanctuary" Policies Limiting Participation in Immigration Enforcement

Date: March 28, 2014
Creator: Garcia, Michael John & Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses legal issues related to state and local measures that limit law enforcement cooperation with federal immigration authorities. It includes legal background and select limitations on immigration enforcement including traditional "sanctuary" policies, declining to honor immigration detainers, shielding juveniles from federal detection, and modifying criminal sentences to avoid immigration consequences.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unlawfully Present Aliens, Driver's Licenses, and Other State-Issued ID: Select Legal Issues

Unlawfully Present Aliens, Driver's Licenses, and Other State-Issued ID: Select Legal Issues

Date: March 28, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Garcia, Michael John
Description: This report provides an overview of key legal issues raised by state laws regarding the denial or issuance of driver's licenses and other forms of ID to unlawfully present aliens, as well as by state and local approaches to recognizing foreign-issued ID documents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department