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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Immigration Policies and Issues on Health-Related Grounds for Exclusion

Immigration Policies and Issues on Health-Related Grounds for Exclusion

Date: January 6, 2011
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses the criteria that foreign nationals must meet before admission to the United States, including the reasons why a foreign national might be denied admission, most particularly on health-related grounds. This report discusses such issues in relation to the recent outbreak of the 2009 H1N1 ("swine flu") virus, and how the outbreak has affected various government agencies, such as the Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agency within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). This report also discusses efforts to confront and address such issues on a legislative front.
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Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 111th Congress

Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 111th Congress

Date: January 18, 2011
Creator: Bruno, Andorra; Ester, Karma; Lee, Margaret Mikyung; Siskin, Alison & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report synthesizes the multi-tiered debate over immigration reform into key elements: legal immigration; legalization; immigration control; refugees, asylees, and humanitarian migrants; and alien rights, benefits, and responsibilities. It delineates the issues for the 111th Congress on permanent residence, temporary admissions, border security, worksite enforcement, employment eligibility verification, document fraud, criminal aliens, and the grounds for inadmissibility.
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The U.S. Foreign-Born Population: Trends and Selected Characteristics

The U.S. Foreign-Born Population: Trends and Selected Characteristics

Date: January 18, 2011
Creator: Kandel, William A.
Description: This report offers context for consideration of immigration policy options by presenting data on key geographic, demographic, social, and economic characteristics of the foreign-born population residing in the United States. Interest in the U.S. foreign-born population stems in part from the changing demographic profile of the United States as well as the rapidity of such change, and how both of these trends correspond to U.S. immigration policy.
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U.S. Immigration Policy on Haitian Migrants

U.S. Immigration Policy on Haitian Migrants

Date: January 21, 2011
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses whether the balance should tip more toward humanitarian immigration policies as a consequence of the humanitarian crises that resulted from the January 12, 2010 earthquake in Haiti.
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U.S. Immigration Policy on Temporary Admissions

U.S. Immigration Policy on Temporary Admissions

Date: February 28, 2011
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report begins with a discussion of the policy tensions surrounding temporary admissions. It follows with a synthesis of the nonimmigrant categories according to the purpose of the visa. It discusses the periods of admission and length of stay and then summarizes grounds for inadmissibility and removal as well as reasons for termination of status. It also describes the circumstances under which nonimmigrants may work in the United States. The second portion of the report analyzes trends in temporary migration. It describes changes over time in nonimmigrant visas issued and nonimmigrant admissions. Various data on nonimmigrants who establish residence in the United States are also discussed. The report concludes with two detailed tables analyzing key admissions requirements across all nonimmigrant visa types.
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Immigration-Related Worksite Enforcement: Performance Measures

Immigration-Related Worksite Enforcement: Performance Measures

Date: March 1, 2011
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: In the spring of 2009, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issued new guidance on immigration-related worksite enforcement. According to 2010 estimates, there are some 8.0 million unauthorized workers in the U.S. civilian labor force. Enforcement activity by the Department of Labor (DOL) is also relevant to a discussion of federal efforts to curtail unauthorized employment.
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Sudan: The Crisis in Darfur and Status of the North-South Peace Agreement

Sudan: The Crisis in Darfur and Status of the North-South Peace Agreement

Date: March 4, 2011
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the history of Sudan's civil unrest and the subsequent crisis in Darfur, as well as United Nations and United States aid and peacekeeping efforts, and current related policy under the Obama Administration.
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Overview of Immigration Issues in the 112th Congress

Overview of Immigration Issues in the 112th Congress

Date: March 21, 2011
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report synthesizes immigration issues as a multi-tiered debate. It breaks down the U.S. immigration law and policy into key elements: border control and visa security; legal immigration; documentation and verification; interior immigration enforcement; integration, status, and benefits; and refugees and other humanitarian populations. This report also delineates the debate in the 112th Congress for a range of issues, including border security, criminal aliens, and worksite enforcement.
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Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and “DREAM Act” Legislation

Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and “DREAM Act” Legislation

Date: March 22, 2011
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses the "DREAM Act", a measure to enable certain unauthorized alien students to legalize their status, as well as related issues.
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Diversity Immigrant Visa Lottery Issues

Diversity Immigrant Visa Lottery Issues

Date: April 1, 2011
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report looks at controversies surrounding the diversity immigrant visa lottery, which encourages legal immigration from countries other than the major sending countries of current immigrants to the U.S.
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Asylum and “Credible Fear” Issues in U.S. Immigration Policy

Asylum and “Credible Fear” Issues in U.S. Immigration Policy

Date: April 6, 2011
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report defines asylum seekers and looks at the background of asylum seekers in the U.S. since the 1980s. It discusses current issues, including inconsistent approval rates for asylum seekers across different regions and jurisdictions. It ends with a discussion of whether or not the policy (created during the Cold War) has adapted to the 21st century, and ways in directions that current law/new legislation could move to mitigate this issue.
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Sudan: The Crisis in Darfur and Status of the North-South Peace Agreement

Sudan: The Crisis in Darfur and Status of the North-South Peace Agreement

Date: April 8, 2011
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the history of Sudan's civil unrest and the subsequent crisis in Darfur, as well as United Nations and United States aid and peacekeeping efforts, and current related policy under the Obama Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Democratic Republic of Congo: Background and Current Developments

The Democratic Republic of Congo: Background and Current Developments

Date: April 29, 2011
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses in brief the current political state of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well as the crisis situation in eastern Congo that has displaced more than 250,000 civilians. It also describes U.S., U.N., and other international efforts to aid in resolving the crisis.
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Visa Security Policy: Roles of the Departments of State and Homeland Security

Visa Security Policy: Roles of the Departments of State and Homeland Security

Date: May 6, 2011
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses the visa security and visa policy questions, debated in the 112th Congress.. The policy questions center on whether immigration law needs to be strengthened, whether funding should be increased, and which agency should take the lead.
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U.S. Immigration Policy on Haitian Migrants

U.S. Immigration Policy on Haitian Migrants

Date: May 17, 2011
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: The environmental, social, and political conditions in Haiti have long prompted congressional interest in U.S. policy on Haitian migrants, particularly those attempting to reach the United States by boat. While some observers assert that such arrivals by Haitians are a breach in border security, others maintain that these Haitians are asylum seekers following a decades old practice of Haitians coming by boat without legal immigration documents. Migrant interdiction and mandatory detention are key components of U.S. policy toward Haitian migrants, but human rights advocates express concern that Haitians are not afforded the same treatment as other asylum seekers.
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Asylum and “Credible Fear” Issues in U.S. Immigration Policy

Asylum and “Credible Fear” Issues in U.S. Immigration Policy

Date: June 29, 2011
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report defines asylum seekers, and looks at the background of asylum seekers in the U.S. since the 1980s. It discusses current issues, including inconsistent approval rates for asylum seekers across different regions and jurisdictions. It ends with a discussion of the crux of the issue, and ways in directions that current law/new legislation could move to mitigate this issue.
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Visa Security Policy: Roles of the Departments of State and Homeland Security

Visa Security Policy: Roles of the Departments of State and Homeland Security

Date: June 30, 2011
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses the visa security and visa policy questions debated in Congress. The policy questions center on whether immigration law needs to be strengthened, whether funding should be increased, and which agency should take the lead.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Democratic Republic of Congo: Background and Current Developments

The Democratic Republic of Congo: Background and Current Developments

Date: September 1, 2011
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses in brief the current political state of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well as the crisis situation in eastern Congo that has displaced more than 250,000 civilians. It also describes U.S., U.N., and other international efforts to aid in resolving the crisis.
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Unauthorized Aliens’ Access to Federal Benefits: Policy and Issues

Unauthorized Aliens’ Access to Federal Benefits: Policy and Issues

Date: September 16, 2011
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: The degree to which unauthorized resident aliens should be accorded certain rights and privileges as a result of their residence in the United States, along with the duties owed by such aliens given their presence, remains the subject of debate in Congress. Included among the specific policy areas that spark controversy are due process rights, tax liabilities, military service, eligibility for federal assistance, educational opportunities, and pathways to citizenship. This report focuses on the policy and legislative debate surrounding unauthorized aliens’ access to federal benefits.
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Unauthorized Aliens Residing in the United States: Estimates Since 1986

Unauthorized Aliens Residing in the United States: Estimates Since 1986

Date: September 22, 2011
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses a rise in the unauthorized resident ("illegal") alien population from 1986 to 2010. It looks at reasons that illegal aliens stay resort to breaking the law and how illegal aliens affect the workforce in certain industries.
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Numerical Limits on Employment-Based Immigration: Analysis of the Per-Country Ceilings

Numerical Limits on Employment-Based Immigration: Analysis of the Per-Country Ceilings

Date: October 11, 2011
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: The report opens with brief explanations of the employment-based preference categories and the per-country ceilings governing annual admissions of LPRs. The focus is on the major employment-based preference categories. The report continues with a statistical analysis of the pending caseload of approved employment-based LPR petitions.
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Interior Immigration Enforcement: Programs Targeting Criminal Aliens

Interior Immigration Enforcement: Programs Targeting Criminal Aliens

Date: October 21, 2011
Creator: Rosenblum, Marc R. & Kandel, William A.
Description: This report begins by defining and quantifying the criminal alien population, to the extent possible. The following sections describe current and historical programs designed in whole or in part to target this population, including CAP, Secure Communities, the § 287(g) program, and NFOP. After describing how these programs function and key differences among them, the report reviews their recent appropriations history and enforcement statistics.
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Qualifications for President and the "Natural Born" Citizenship Eligibility Requirement

Qualifications for President and the "Natural Born" Citizenship Eligibility Requirement

Date: November 14, 2011
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: This report discusses the history of the qualifications clause in the Federal Convention of 1787, the Common Law meaning of the term "Natural Born" citizen or subject, and common understanding in 18th Century of the term "Natural Born" citizen.
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Visa Waiver Program

Visa Waiver Program

Date: December 2, 2011
Creator: Siskin, Alison
Description: This report discusses the visa waiver program (VWP), which allows for a bypass of the first step by which foreign visitors are screened for admissibility to enter the United States. Some policymakers are concerned that this waiver allows terrorists to more easily enter the country. The report provides waiver-related statistics and related legislation.
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