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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2006
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Immigration Statistics on the Web

Immigration Statistics on the Web

Date: April 19, 2006
Creator: Mangan, LaVonne M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Legislation Issues in the 109th Congress

Immigration Legislation Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: May 12, 2006
Creator: Bruno, Andorra; Wasem, Ruth Ellen; Siskin, Alison; Nuñez-Neto, Blas; Garcia, Michael J.; Vina, Stephen R. et al.
Description: While immigration reform proposals remain pending, Congress has enacted limited provisions on temporary and permanent employment-based immigration as part of P.L. 109-13. It also has enacted legislation concerning alien victims of domestic violence, trafficking in persons, and refugees. This report discusses these and other immigration-related issues that have seen legislative action or are of significant congressional interest. DHS appropriations and immigration legislation related to Hurricane Katrina are covered in other products and are not discussed here. The final section of the report lists enacted legislation and selected bills receiving action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 109th Congress

Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: June 9, 2006
Creator: Bruno, Andorra; Wasem, Ruth Ellen; Siskin, Alison; Nuñez-Neto, Blas; Garcia, Michael John; Viña, Stephen R et al.
Description: While major immigration reform proposals remain pending, Congress has enacted limited provisions on temporary and permanent employment-based immigration as part of P.L. 109-13. It also has enacted legislation concerning alien victims of domestic violence, trafficking in persons, and refugees. This report discusses these and other immigration-related issues that have seen legislative action or are of significant congressional interest. DHS appropriations and immigration legislation related to Hurricane Katrina are covered in other products and are not discussed here. The final section of the report lists enacted legislation and selected bills receiving action
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 109th Congress

Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: June 9, 2006
Creator: Bruno, Andorra; Wasem, Ruth Ellen; Siskin, Alison; Nunez-Neto, Blas; Garcia, John; Vina, Stephen R. et al.
Description: Security concerns are figuring prominently in the development of and debate on immigration legislation in the 109th Congress. The REAL ID Act, passed in May 2005, contains a number of immigration and identification document-related provisions intended to improve homeland security. Among these are provisions to make changes to the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) with respect to asylum and other forms of relief from removal; to expand the terrorism-related grounds for alien inadmissibility and deportation; and to set standards for state-issued drivers' licenses and personal identification cards. H.R. 4437 contains provisions on border security, the role of state and local law enforcement, employment eligibility verification and worksite enforcement, smuggling, detention, and other enforcement-related issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: Terrorist Grounds for Exclusion and Removal of Aliens

Immigration: Terrorist Grounds for Exclusion and Removal of Aliens

Date: September 5, 2006
Creator: Garcia, Michael John & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) spells out a strict set of admissions criteria and exclusion rules for all foreign nationals who come permanently to the United States as immigrants (i.e., legal permanent residents) or temporarily as nonimmigrants. This report opens with an overview of the grounds for inadmissibility and summarizes key legislation enacted in recent years. Where relevant, the report discusses how recently enacted legislation, including the REAL ID Act, affects these matters. This report also briefly discusses two recent proposals that would modify the terrorism-related provisions of the INA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: Terrorist Grounds for Exclusion and Removal of Aliens

Immigration: Terrorist Grounds for Exclusion and Removal of Aliens

Date: September 5, 2006
Creator: Garcia, Michael John & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: S Visas for Criminal and Terrorist Informants

Immigration: S Visas for Criminal and Terrorist Informants

Date: May 17, 2006
Creator: Ester, Karma
Description: This report discusses the legislation making permanent a provision that allows aliens with critical information on criminal or terrorist organizations to come into the United States to provide information to law enforcement officials.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuban Migration Policy and Issues

Cuban Migration Policy and Issues

Date: January 19, 2006
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: Many of the issues surrounding Cuban migration are unique but not new. Normal immigration from Cuba has been elusive since Fidel Castro came to power. Over the past 40 years, the practice of Cubans fleeing by boat to the United States has become commonplace, and at some points reached the levels of a mass exodus. Since the last upsurge of “boat people” in the mid-1990s, the United States and Cuba worked toward establishing safe, legal immigration, which include returning migrants interdicted by the U.S. Coast Guard.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Policy on Expedited Removal of Aliens

Immigration Policy on Expedited Removal of Aliens

Date: May 15, 2006
Creator: Siskin, Alison & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses immigration policy and expedited removal, an immigration enforcement strategy originally conceived to operate at the borders and ports of entry, recently has been expanded in certain border regions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Policy on Expedited Removal of Aliens

Immigration Policy on Expedited Removal of Aliens

Date: January 18, 2006
Creator: Siskin, Alison & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses immigration policy and expedited removal, an immigration enforcement strategy originally conceived to operate at the borders and ports of entry, recently has been expanded in certain border regions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Migrant Education Program as Amended by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001

The Federal Migrant Education Program as Amended by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001

Date: January 19, 2006
Creator: Kuenzi, Jeffrey J.
Description: This report describes the legislative and funding history of the program -- highlighting important changes made since it was established. A section on evaluations of the program is included at the end of the report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Immigration Policy on Permanent Admissions

U.S. Immigration Policy on Permanent Admissions

Date: April 17, 2006
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Immigration Policy on Permanent Admissions

U.S. Immigration Policy on Permanent Admissions

Date: May 12, 2006
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nonimmigrant Overstays: Brief Synthesis of the Issue

Nonimmigrant Overstays: Brief Synthesis of the Issue

Date: May 22, 2006
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: Policy Considerations Related to Guest Worker Programs

Immigration: Policy Considerations Related to Guest Worker Programs

Date: April 6, 2006
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses of guest worker programs that takes place against a backdrop of historically high levels of unauthorized migration to the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Border Security: Barriers Along the U.S. International Border

Border Security: Barriers Along the U.S. International Border

Date: September 21, 2006
Creator: Nuñez-Neto, Blas & Vina, Stephen R
Description: Congress has been considering expanding the barriers currently deployed along the U.S. international land border. Currently, the United States Border Patrol (USBP) deploys fencing, which aims to impede the illegal entry of individuals, and vehicle barriers, which aim to impede the illegal entry of vehicles (but not individuals) along the border. A number of policy issues concerning border barriers generally and fencing specifically may be of interest to Congress, including, but not limited to: their effectiveness; their costs versus their benefits; their location; their design; and their potential diplomatic ramifications. Prominent bills include House-passed H.R. 4437 and H.R. 6061, and Senate-passed S. 2611, and H.R. 5631.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: Terrorist Grounds for Exclusion and Removal of Aliens

Immigration: Terrorist Grounds for Exclusion and Removal of Aliens

Date: September 5, 2006
Creator: Garcia, Michael John & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Civilian Patrols Along the Border: Legal and Policy Issues

Civilian Patrols Along the Border: Legal and Policy Issues

Date: April 7, 2006
Creator: Vina, Stephen R; Nuñez-Neto, Blas & Weir, Alyssa Bartlett
Description: This report opens with a discussion on the federal authority to enforce immigration law at the border and some U.S. Border Patrol operations that have affected illegal migration patterns along the southwest border. Next, the report provides a history of civilian border patrol groups, with a particular focus on the “Minuteman Project” and other groups operating along the southwest border. It then highlights issues of authority that might arise, and includes, as an appendix, a table that sets forth various state laws that may be useful to civilians performing immigration-related enforcement activities. The report also addresses some of the legal and policy issues, as mentioned above, that have surfaced from civilian involvement in immigration enforcement at the border. The report concludes with summaries of legislation introduced in the 109th Congress that address the use of civilian border patrols.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Consequences of Criminal Activity

Immigration Consequences of Criminal Activity

Date: October 23, 2006
Creator: Garcia, Michael John & Eig, Larry M
Description: This report discusses the potential immigration consequences of criminal activity. “Criminal activity” generally refers to conduct for which an alien has been found or plead guilty before a court of law, though in limited circumstances consequences may attach to the commission of a crime or admission of acts constituting the essential elements of a crime. Consequences may flow from violations of either federal, state or, in many circumstances, foreign criminal law. Some federal crimes are set out in the INA itself — alien smuggling, for example. However, not all violations of immigration law are crimes. Notably, being in the U.S. without legal permission — i.e., being an “illegal alien” — is not a crime in and of itself. Thus, for example, an alien who overstays a student visa may be an “illegal alien,” in that the alien may be subject to removal from the U.S., but such an alien is not a “criminal alien.”
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Consequences of Criminal Activity

Immigration Consequences of Criminal Activity

Date: October 23, 2006
Creator: Garcia, Michael John & Eig, Larry M.
Description: Congress has the authority to determine classes of aliens who may be admitted into the United States and the grounds for which they may be removed. Pursuant to the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), as amended, certain conduct may either disqualify an alien from entering the United States ("inadmissibility") or provide grounds for his or her removal/deportation. Prominently included among this conduct is criminal activity. This report explores this issue in-depth, especially the difference between the terms "illegal alien" and "criminal alien" and relevant legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Enforcing Immigration Law: The Role of State and Local Law Enforcement

Enforcing Immigration Law: The Role of State and Local Law Enforcement

Date: August 14, 2006
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa M.; Vina, Stephen R. & Ester, Karma
Description: This report examines the role of state and local law enforcement in enforcing immigration law. The discussion is limited to the role of state and local law enforcement in the investigation, arrest, and detention of all immigration violators. The report does not discuss the prosecution, adjudication, or removal of aliens who violate the law. The report opens with a brief discussion of the types of immigration interior enforcement activities that the former Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) pursued and the current immigration activities that are now the focus of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). A discussion of the legal authority that permits state and local law enforcement to enforce immigration law under certain circumstances follows. Current administrative efforts to involve state and local law enforcement in enforcing immigration law as well as selected issues are discussed. The report concludes with a discussion of the pros and cons of such a policy and an analysis of policy options for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Enforcing Immigration Law: The Role of State and Local Law Enforcement

Enforcing Immigration Law: The Role of State and Local Law Enforcement

Date: May 4, 2006
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa M.; Vina, Stephen R. & Ester, Karma
Description: This report examines the role of state and local law enforcement in enforcing immigration law. The discussion is limited to the role of state and local law enforcement in the investigation, arrest, and detention of all immigration violators. The report does not discuss the prosecution, adjudication, or removal of aliens who violate the law. The report opens with a brief discussion of the types of immigration interior enforcement activities that the former Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) pursued and the current immigration activities that are now the focus of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). A discussion of the legal authority that permits state and local law enforcement to enforce immigration law under certain circumstances follows. Current administrative efforts to involve state and local law enforcement in enforcing immigration law as well as selected issues are discussed. The report concludes with a discussion of the pros and cons of such a policy and an analysis of policy options for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Enforcing Immigration Law: The Role of State and Local Law Enforcement

Enforcing Immigration Law: The Role of State and Local Law Enforcement

Date: May 4, 2006
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa M; Vina, Stephen R & Ester, Karma
Description: This report examines the role of state and local law enforcement in enforcing immigration law. The discussion is limited to the role of state and local law enforcement in the investigation, arrest, and detention of all immigration violators. The report does not discuss the prosecution, adjudication, or removal of aliens who violate the law. The report opens with a brief discussion of the types of immigration interior enforcement activities that the former Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) pursued and the current immigration activities that are now the focus of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). A discussion of the legal authority that permits state and local law enforcement to enforce immigration law under certain circumstances follows. Current administrative efforts to involve state and local law enforcement in enforcing immigration law as well as selected issues are discussed. The report concludes with a discussion of the pros and cons of such a policy and an analysis of policy options for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Toward More Effective Immigration Policies: Selected Organizational Issues

Toward More Effective Immigration Policies: Selected Organizational Issues

Date: March 17, 2006
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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