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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Effects of Flat Taxes and Other Proposals on Housing: An Overview

Effects of Flat Taxes and Other Proposals on Housing: An Overview

Date: June 17, 1996
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: Studies have estimated that some of these revisions would cause a decline in demand for houses and significant reduction in house prices--perhaps in excess of 15 percent. These studies, however, presumed a fixed supply of housing; even a limited supply response would greatly decrease predicted asset price effects. Supply response is likely to be large in the long run and not insignificant in the short run. Effects on housing demand might also be mitigated by increases in savings rates and lower interest rates. Thus, effects of the flat tax on housing prices are likely to be limited in the short run and very small in the long run. Rental housing demand, on the other hand, would be encouraged with a shift to a consumption tax base.
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The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act's Insurance for Troubled Assets

The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act's Insurance for Troubled Assets

Date: October 8, 2008
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: Many observers trace the root cause of recent instability in financial markets to uncertainty surrounding the value of widely held securities that are based on mortgages and mortgage-related assets. The introduction of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (EESA) was designed to address said financial instability through a variety of measures, including an insurance program for "troubled assets." This report briefly summarizes and analyzes the insurance program contained in the enacted version of the EESA.
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The Emergency Food and Shelter Program

The Emergency Food and Shelter Program

Date: September 29, 2005
Creator: Perl, Libby
Description: The Emergency Food and Shelter (EFS) Program allocates funds to local communities to fund homeless programs including soup kitchens, food banks, shelters, and homeless prevention services. The EFS program is part of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and after Hurricane Katrina struck, some questions have arisen about the use of EFS program funds for Presidentially-declared disasters. This report describes how the EFS program operates through a National Board, local boards, and local recipient organizations. It further discusses the use of EFS program funds during disasters, and recent attempts to move the program from FEMA to the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).
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Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac in Conservatorship

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac in Conservatorship

Date: September 15, 2008
Creator: Jickling, Mark
Description: On September 7, 2008, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) placed Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, two government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs) that play a critical play in the U.S. home mortgage market, in conservatorship. As conservator, the FHFA has full powers to control the assets and operation of the firms. Dividends to common and preferred shareholders are suspended, but the U.S. Treasury has put in place a set of financing agreements to ensure that the GSEs continue to meet their obligations to holders of bonds that they have issued or guaranteed. This means that the U.S. taxpayer now stands behind about $5 trillion of GSE debt. This report provides basic information on the GSEs, the government intervention, and the potential cost to the taxpayer.
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Fannie Mae's and Freddie Mac's Financial Problems: Frequently Asked Questions

Fannie Mae's and Freddie Mac's Financial Problems: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: July 15, 2008
Creator: Weiss, N. Eric
Description: Recent turmoil in the housing and financial markets have caused concern over the future of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, which are chartered by Congress as government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs) and are widely believed to have an implicit guarantee from the federal government. The Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight (OFHEO) -- the GSEs safety and soundness regulator -- has repeated assurances that Fannie and Freddie have adequate capital, but as highly leveraged financial intermediaries, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac have limited resources against losses. This report analyzes various aspects of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac in relation to the financial turmoil that began in September 2008.
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Fannie Mae's and Freddie Mac's Financial Status: Frequently Asked Questions

Fannie Mae's and Freddie Mac's Financial Status: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: August 13, 2013
Creator: Weiss, N. E.
Description: Report that presents the major issues surrounding Fannie Mae's and Freddie Mac's financial conditions as well as various public policy options under discussion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Real Property: Inventory and Disposal Initiatives

Federal Real Property: Inventory and Disposal Initiatives

Date: January 27, 1983
Creator: Simmons, Malcolm; Baldwin, Pamela & Bea, Keith
Description: None
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FEMA Disaster Housing: From Sheltering to Permanent Housing

FEMA Disaster Housing: From Sheltering to Permanent Housing

Date: August 27, 2010
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report reviews standard disaster housing procedures as well as options that could be taken to improve disaster housing including increased FEMA/HUD cooperation, the use of the case management authority, the repair and renovation of private rental housing units, and the use of alternative manufactured housing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA Disaster Housing: From Sheltering to Permanent Housing

FEMA Disaster Housing: From Sheltering to Permanent Housing

Date: September 16, 2009
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report reviews standard disaster housing procedures as well as options that could be taken to improve disaster housing including increased FEMA/HUD cooperation, the use of the case management authority, the repair and renovation of private rental housing units, and the use of alternative manufactured housing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Market Intervention

Financial Market Intervention

Date: September 29, 2008
Creator: Murphy, Edward V.
Description: Financial markets continue to experience significant disturbance and the banking sector remains fragile. Efforts to restore confidence have been met with mixed success thus far. After attempting to deal with troubled institutions on a case-by-case basis, Treasury has proposed a plan to purchase mortgage-related assets to alleviate stress in financial markets and in the banking system. This report provides answers to some frequently asked questions concerning the financial disruptions of September 2008 and the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) in H.R. 3997.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department