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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Issues Related to the Provision of Housing and Utilities to Employees

Issues Related to the Provision of Housing and Utilities to Employees

Date: April 7, 1997
Creator: Alwin, Lawrence F.
Description: Over 3,200 state employees receive free, state-subsidized housing and utilities; live in state-owned properties for a nominal monthly rate; or receive monthly cash payments in lieu of in-kind housing benefits. Over 1,300 state employees receive some form of educational assistance from their employing agencies
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The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)

The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)

Date: January 27, 2003
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report provides background on the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance program (LIHEAP), originally established in 1981 by Title XXVI of P.L. 97-35 and reauthorized several times. It is a block grant program under which the federal government gives states, the District of Columbia, U.S. territories and commonwealths, and Indian tribal organizations (referred to as grantees) annual grants to operate multi-component home energy assistance programs for needy households.
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The HUD Homeless Assistance Grants: Distribution of Funds

The HUD Homeless Assistance Grants: Distribution of Funds

Date: December 21, 2006
Creator: Perl, Libby
Description: Four programs, administered by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), were created to provide temporary and permanent housing to the homeless, along with supportive services.This report describes how HUD distributes the four homeless assistance grants.
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The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC): Efforts to Support Financial and Housing Markets

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC): Efforts to Support Financial and Housing Markets

Date: March 27, 2009
Creator: Getter, Darryl E. & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Description: This report discusses recent actions taken by the FDIC in support of financial and housing markets, which include restoration of the Deposit Insurance Fund, the development of the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program, efforts to reduce foreclosures, and establishment of the proposed Public-Private Investment Fund. Legislation such as H.R. 786 (introduced by Representative Barney Frank); H.R. 1106, Helping Families Save Their Homes Act of 2009 (introduced by Representative John Conyers, Jr., with 24 co-sponsors); and S. 541, The Depositor Protection Act of 2009 (introduced by Senator Christopher Dodd with 12 co-sponsors) have also been introduced to increase the effectiveness of the FDIC’s efforts to respond to recent market weaknesses.
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Understanding Mortgage Foreclosure: Recent Events, the Process, and Costs

Understanding Mortgage Foreclosure: Recent Events, the Process, and Costs

Date: November 5, 2007
Creator: Getter, Darryl E.
Description: This report provides a general analysis and overview of current foreclosure issues addressed in the bills cited above. It begins with a description of the behavior of aggregate foreclosure rates. The behaviors of foreclosure rates are placed in the context of activity in the housing and mortgage market to illustrate any relationships. The foreclosure process is then explained, first from the point of view of a traditional financial lending institution, and then from the viewpoint of securitization when loans are sold in secondary markets. Finally, this report collects information from other studies to obtain an estimate of the average foreclosure costs. A brief discussion of the effect uniform foreclosure legislation may have on costs follows.
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The Department of Housing and Urban Development: FY2008 Appropriations

The Department of Housing and Urban Development: FY2008 Appropriations

Date: January 16, 2008
Creator: McCarty, Maggie; Perl, Libby; Foote, Bruce E.; Boyd, Eugene & Peterson, Meredith
Description: This report tracks the FY2008 congressional appropriations process and provides a detailed discussion of the funding and issues related to the majority of accounts in HUD’s budget.
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Veterans and Homelessness

Veterans and Homelessness

Date: May 9, 2011
Creator: Perl, Libby
Description: The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have brought renewed attention to the needs of veterans, including the needs of homeless veterans. Homeless veterans initially came to the country’s attention in the 1970s and 1980s, when homelessness generally was becoming a more prevalent and noticeable phenomenon. This report defines the term “homeless veteran,” discusses attempts to estimate the number of veterans who are homeless, and presents the results of studies regarding the demographic characteristics of homeless veterans as well as those served in VA homeless programs. The second section of this report summarizes the available research regarding the overrepresentation of both male and female veterans, who have been found to be present in greater percentages in the homeless population than their percentages in the general population. The third section of this report discusses programs to fund services and transitional housing specifically for homeless veterans.
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Treatment of Seller-Funded Downpayment Assistance in FHA-Insured Home Loans

Treatment of Seller-Funded Downpayment Assistance in FHA-Insured Home Loans

Date: March 11, 2009
Creator: Foote, Bruce E.
Description: This report discusses the seller-funded down-payment assistance that qualify for FHA-insured home loans.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Housing: Fact Sheet on the New Operating Fund Formula

Public Housing: Fact Sheet on the New Operating Fund Formula

Date: January 4, 2007
Creator: McCarty, Maggie
Description: The local public housing authorities (PHAs) that administer the federal public housing program will begin receiving their annual federal operating subsidies under a new formula in January 2007. As a result, some will experience an increase in their eligibility for funding and others will experience a decrease, although both increases and decreases will be phased in (over two and five years, respectively). However, the amount that a PHA qualifies for under the new formula (whether it is an increase or a decrease) will be reduced if Congress appropriates less money than is necessary to fund all agencies at 100% of their eligibility. This report provides a brief overview of the changes to the public housing operating fund formula that will take place in FY2007.
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Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies (THUD): FY2009 Appropriations

Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies (THUD): FY2009 Appropriations

Date: September 9, 2008
Creator: Peterman, David R. & Frittelli, John
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the Subcommittees on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies of the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations. It summarizes the current legislative status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related legislative activity. The report lists the key CRS staff relevant to the issues covered and related CRS products.
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Section 811 and Other HUD Housing Programs for Persons with Disabilities

Section 811 and Other HUD Housing Programs for Persons with Disabilities

Date: November 3, 2008
Creator: Perl, Libby
Description: This report describes how federal funds are used to develop housing designated for persons with disabilities. It also discusses current issues surrounding housing for persons with disabilities.
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Financial Market Intervention

Financial Market Intervention

Date: January 29, 2009
Creator: Murphy, Edward V. & Webel, Baird
Description: This report provides answers to some frequently asked questions concerning ongoing financial disruptions and the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP). It also summarizes legislation in the 111th Congress such as H.R. 384, the TARP Reform and Accountability Act of 2009 and H.R. 703, "Promoting Bank Liquidity and Lending Through Deposit Insurance, Hope for Homeowners, and other Enhancements."
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The U.S. Financial Crisis: The Global Dimension with Implications for U.S. Policy

The U.S. Financial Crisis: The Global Dimension with Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: November 18, 2008
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.; Weiss, Martin A.; Jackson, James K.; Dolven, Ben; Morrison, Wayne M.; Cooper, William H. et al.
Description: This report examines the global ramifications of the financial crisis, which exposed fundamental weaknesses in financial systems worldwide, and despite coordinated easing of monetary policy by governments and trillions of dollars in intervention by governments and the International Monetary Fund, the crisis continues.
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The Cost of Government Financial Interventions, Past and Present

The Cost of Government Financial Interventions, Past and Present

Date: January 8, 2009
Creator: Webel, Baird; Labonte, Marc & Weiss, N. E.
Description: The results of previous government financial interventions are summarized in this report. In response to ongoing financial turmoil that began in the subprime mortgage-backed securities market, the federal government has intervened with private corporations on a large scale and in an ad hoc manner three times from the beginning of 2008 through September 19, 2008.
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Financial Institution Insolvency: Federal Authority over Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and Depository Institutions

Financial Institution Insolvency: Federal Authority over Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and Depository Institutions

Date: September 10, 2008
Creator: Carpenter, David H. & Murphy, M. M.
Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S. credit crunch and its effect on Fannie, Freddie, Banks, and Thrifts. The report discusses the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and insolvent banks and thrifts.
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Veterans and Homelessness

Veterans and Homelessness

Date: November 6, 2015
Creator: Perl, Libby
Description: This report discusses the various aspects of the issue of homeless veterans. Researchers have found both male and female veterans to be overrepresented in the homeless population, and, as the number of veterans increased due to these conflicts, there was concern that the number of homeless veterans could rise commensurately.
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Reporting Issues Under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act

Reporting Issues Under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act

Date: October 24, 2008
Creator: Getter, Darryl E.
Description: This report describes current issues and recent changes to the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) of 1975. The report also provides a brief explanation of how recent reporting revisions may affect the reporting of loans covered by the Home Ownership and Equity Protection Act of 1994 and the Federal Housing Administration.
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Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008

Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008

Date: August 19, 2008
Creator: Weiss, N. E.; Getter, Darryl E.; Jickling, Mark; Keightley, Mark P. & Foote, Bruce E.
Description: This report discusses the Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008, P.L. 110-289, which changes many laws affecting both the housing and mortgage markets. It also surveys the most important changes caused by the act.
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The First-Time Homebuyer Tax Credit: An Economic Analysis

The First-Time Homebuyer Tax Credit: An Economic Analysis

Date: February 19, 2009
Creator: Keightley, Mark P.
Description: This report analyzes the ability of the first-time homebuyer tax credit to stimulate home buying and stabilize home prices. It includes information about current economic conditions, the tax credit with an economic analysis, marginal first-time home buyers, the cost of home ownership, the influence of the economy, and information about policy options and specific ways to adjust the tax credit.
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State and Local Restrictions on Employing, Renting Property to, or Providing Services for Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Issues and Recent Judicial Developments

State and Local Restrictions on Employing, Renting Property to, or Providing Services for Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Issues and Recent Judicial Developments

Date: May 8, 2009
Creator: Kim, Yule; Feder, Jody & Smith, Alison M.
Description: This report discusses the constitutional issues raised in relation to state and local laws intended to deter the presence of unauthorized aliens, along with the implications that federal civil rights statutes might have on the implementation and enforcement of measures restricting such persons' ability to obtain employment, housing, or other state and local benefits or services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Community Development Block Grants: Neighborhood Stabilization Program; Assistance to Communities Affected by Foreclosures

Community Development Block Grants: Neighborhood Stabilization Program; Assistance to Communities Affected by Foreclosures

Date: March 13, 2009
Creator: Boyd, Eugene & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Description: Report regarding the Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008, P.L. 110-289, which allocates federal financial aid to all state and local governments with high amounts of foreclosed homes, subprime mortgage loans, and delinquent home mortgages. The report focuses on the assistance that aids in aquiring, rehabilitating, and reselling foreclosed and abandoned homes.
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The Department of Housing and Urban Development: FY2009 Appropriations

The Department of Housing and Urban Development: FY2009 Appropriations

Date: May 22, 2008
Creator: McCarty, Maggie; Perl, Libby; Foote, Bruce E.; Boyd, Eugene & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the Subcommittees on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies of the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations. It summarizes the current legislative status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related legislative activity. The report lists the key CRS staff relevant to the issues covered and related CRS products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA Disaster Housing: From Sheltering to Permanent Housing

FEMA Disaster Housing: From Sheltering to Permanent Housing

Date: September 16, 2009
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report reviews standard disaster housing procedures as well as options that could be taken to improve disaster housing including increased FEMA/HUD cooperation, the use of the case management authority, the repair and renovation of private rental housing units, and the use of alternative manufactured housing.
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Veterans and Homelessness

Veterans and Homelessness

Date: March 25, 2015
Creator: Perl, Libby
Description: The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan brought renewed attention to the needs of veterans, including the needs of homeless veterans. Researchers have found both male and female veterans to be overrepresented in the homeless population, and, as the number of veterans increased due to these conflicts, there was concern that the number of homeless veterans could rise commensurately. This report discusses the various aspects of this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department