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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC): Efforts to Support Financial and Housing Markets

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC): Efforts to Support Financial and Housing Markets

Date: March 27, 2009
Creator: Getter, Darryl E. & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Description: This report discusses recent actions taken by the FDIC in support of financial and housing markets, which include restoration of the Deposit Insurance Fund, the development of the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program, efforts to reduce foreclosures, and establishment of the proposed Public-Private Investment Fund. Legislation such as H.R. 786 (introduced by Representative Barney Frank); H.R. 1106, Helping Families Save Their Homes Act of 2009 (introduced by Representative John Conyers, Jr., with 24 co-sponsors); and S. 541, The Depositor Protection Act of 2009 (introduced by Senator Christopher Dodd with 12 co-sponsors) have also been introduced to increase the effectiveness of the FDIC’s efforts to respond to recent market weaknesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Real Property: Inventory and Disposal Initiatives

Federal Real Property: Inventory and Disposal Initiatives

Date: January 27, 1983
Creator: Simmons, Malcolm; Baldwin, Pamela & Bea, Keith
Description: This report provides background and discusses the inventory and disposal of public lands and other Federal property. For many years the Federal Government has operated under a statutory policy of retaining public domain lands and has disposed of the proceeds from the sale of surplus property other than by the reduction of the national debt. Under the present system, the Government disposes of some types of land when it is determined to be surplus to Government needs, or, in the case of public lands, when it is determined that the national interest would best be served by the sale or exchange of particular tracts of land.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA Disaster Housing: From Sheltering to Permanent Housing

FEMA Disaster Housing: From Sheltering to Permanent Housing

Date: August 27, 2010
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report reviews standard disaster housing procedures as well as options that could be taken to improve disaster housing including increased FEMA/HUD cooperation, the use of the case management authority, the repair and renovation of private rental housing units, and the use of alternative manufactured housing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA Disaster Housing: From Sheltering to Permanent Housing

FEMA Disaster Housing: From Sheltering to Permanent Housing

Date: September 16, 2009
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report reviews standard disaster housing procedures as well as options that could be taken to improve disaster housing including increased FEMA/HUD cooperation, the use of the case management authority, the repair and renovation of private rental housing units, and the use of alternative manufactured housing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FHFA's Administrative Reform of Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and the Housing Finance System

FHFA's Administrative Reform of Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and the Housing Finance System

Date: May 23, 2016
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M.
Description: This report discusses housing finance reform and structural changes enacted by the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), particularly in relation to government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs). It includes sections on GSEs and conservatorship; FHFA reforms broken down into information about risk-sharing transactions, a common securitization platform, and single security; and Congressional action on GSE reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Institution Insolvency: Federal Authority over Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and Depository Institutions

Financial Institution Insolvency: Federal Authority over Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and Depository Institutions

Date: September 10, 2008
Creator: Carpenter, David H. & Murphy, M. M.
Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S. credit crunch and its effect on Fannie, Freddie, Banks, and Thrifts. The report discusses the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and insolvent banks and thrifts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Market Intervention

Financial Market Intervention

Date: September 29, 2008
Creator: Murphy, Edward V.
Description: Financial markets continue to experience significant disturbance and the banking sector remains fragile. Efforts to restore confidence have been met with mixed success thus far. After attempting to deal with troubled institutions on a case-by-case basis, Treasury has proposed a plan to purchase mortgage-related assets to alleviate stress in financial markets and in the banking system. This report provides answers to some frequently asked questions concerning the financial disruptions of September 2008 and the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) in H.R. 3997.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Market Intervention

Financial Market Intervention

Date: January 29, 2009
Creator: Murphy, Edward V. & Webel, Baird
Description: This report provides answers to some frequently asked questions concerning ongoing financial disruptions and the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP). It also summarizes legislation in the 111th Congress such as H.R. 384, the TARP Reform and Accountability Act of 2009 and H.R. 703, "Promoting Bank Liquidity and Lending Through Deposit Insurance, Hope for Homeowners, and other Enhancements."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financing Catastrophic Risk: Summary of the Homeowners' Defense Act of 2009 (S. 505 and H.R. 2555)

Financing Catastrophic Risk: Summary of the Homeowners' Defense Act of 2009 (S. 505 and H.R. 2555)

Date: July 1, 2009
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report discusses the drastic increase in demand for homeowners' insurance in Atlantic and Gulf Coast states following the devastation of Hurricane Katrina in 2005. This report also discusses various measures and efforts underway to enhance insurer capacity, pursue alternative forms of risk transfer, and create a national catastrophe financing facility, the last of which is an issue under considerable debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The First-Time Homebuyer Tax Credit: An Economic Analysis

The First-Time Homebuyer Tax Credit: An Economic Analysis

Date: February 19, 2009
Creator: Keightley, Mark P.
Description: This report analyzes the ability of the first-time homebuyer tax credit to stimulate home buying and stabilize home prices. It includes information about current economic conditions, the tax credit with an economic analysis, marginal first-time home buyers, the cost of home ownership, the influence of the economy, and information about policy options and specific ways to adjust the tax credit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Flat Tax and Other Proposals: Effects on Housing

The Flat Tax and Other Proposals: Effects on Housing

Date: April 29, 1996
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fundamental Tax Reform: Options for the Mortgage Interest Deduction

Fundamental Tax Reform: Options for the Mortgage Interest Deduction

Date: August 8, 2005
Creator: Jackson, Pamela J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
GSE Reform: A New Affordable Housing Fund

GSE Reform: A New Affordable Housing Fund

Date: November 28, 2005
Creator: Weiss, Eric
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
GSEs and the Government's Role in Housing Finance: Issues for the 113th Congress

GSEs and the Government's Role in Housing Finance: Issues for the 113th Congress

Date: September 13, 2013
Creator: Weiss, N. Eric
Description: This report examines options concerning the future of the GSEs and the future government role in residential mortgage markets. Other CRS reports address related issues such as conservatorship, the GSEs' financial condition, residential mortgage markets in other nations, and affordable housing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
H.R. 6076: Home Retention and Economic Stabilization Act of 2008

H.R. 6076: Home Retention and Economic Stabilization Act of 2008

Date: August 29, 2008
Creator: Murphy, Edward Vincent
Description: The Home Retention and Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 would defer foreclosure for eligible mortgage borrowers for up to 270 days. If passed, the bill would give extra time to some borrowers and lenders to consider alternatives to foreclosure, including traditional loss mitigation and participation in the new Federal Housing Administration (FHA) program for refinancing troubled loans. Some policymakers believe that a moratorium on foreclosures could help stabilize housing markets and alleviate problems from the subprime financial turmoil. This report explores this issue in detail and analyzes the individual aspects of the relevant legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeless in America

Homeless in America

Date: November 1, 1984
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: This report discusses questions dealing with the number of homeless Americans as well as trends in society's attitudes toward such people. The incidence of mental illness and the appropriateness, or lack thereof, of deinstitutionalization for such patients is another aspect of the problem which is covered in this packet. A CRS report gives an overview of the situation and of the Federal response.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Homeless Management Information System

The Homeless Management Information System

Date: November 21, 2005
Creator: Perl, Libby
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Homeless: Overview of the Problem and the Federal Response

The Homeless: Overview of the Problem and the Federal Response

Date: September 14, 1984
Creator: Spar, Karen & Austin, Monique C.
Description: This report discusses the problem of homelessness in the U.S. and the resulting policy response. Unlike the skid row "derelicts" who comprised the typical homeless population of the 1960s, today's street people represent many diverse groups including: the mentally ill, evicted families, the aged, alcoholics, drug addicts, abused spouses, abused young people, and cast-off children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homelessness: Targeted Federal Programs and Recent Legislation

Homelessness: Targeted Federal Programs and Recent Legislation

Date: February 3, 2014
Creator: Perl, Libby; Bagalman, Erin; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.; Heisler, Elayne J.; McCallion, Gail; McCarthy, Francis X. et al.
Description: This report describes existing federal programs that provide targeted assistance to homeless individuals and families, and discusses federal efforts to end homelessness. It also contains tables that outline funding levels for various related programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homelessness: Targeted Federal Programs and Recent Legislation

Homelessness: Targeted Federal Programs and Recent Legislation

Date: May 17, 2012
Creator: Perl, Libby; Bagalman, Erin; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.; Heisler, Elayne J.; McCallion, Gail & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report describes the federal programs that are targeted to assist those who are homeless; includes recent funding levels; discusses current issues, including homelessness after the economic downturn and federal efforts to end homelessness; and provides information on recent legislation. Among active legislation are bills to reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act, which includes transitional housing for those who are homeless as a result of domestic violence and legislation that would, among other things, reauthorize the Education for Homeless Children and Youth program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008

Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008

Date: August 19, 2008
Creator: Weiss, N. E.; Getter, Darryl E.; Jickling, Mark; Keightley, Mark P. & Foote, Bruce E.
Description: This report discusses the Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008, P.L. 110-289, which changes many laws affecting both the housing and mortgage markets. It also surveys the most important changes caused by the act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Housing Authorization Bills: Overview of H.R. 2 and S. 462

Housing Authorization Bills: Overview of H.R. 2 and S. 462

Date: May 8, 1998
Creator: Vanhorenbeck, Susan M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Housing for Persons Living with HIV/AIDS

Housing for Persons Living with HIV/AIDS

Date: January 8, 2009
Creator: Perl, Libby
Description: This report describes recent research that shows how housing and health status are related and the effects of stable housing on HIV/AIDS patient health. It also describes the Housing Opportunities for Persons with AIDS (HOPWA) program, the only federal program that provides housing and services specifically for persons who are HIV positive or who have AIDS, together with their families. In addition, the report describes how a small portion of funds appropriated through the Ryan White HIV/AIDS program may be used by states and local jurisdictions to provide short-term housing assistance for persons living with HIV/AIDS.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Housing for Persons Living with HIV/AIDS

Housing for Persons Living with HIV/AIDS

Date: July 3, 2012
Creator: Perl, Libby
Description: This report discusses the creation of the Housing Opportunities for Persons with AIDS (HOPWA) Program, which was created to alleviate the difficulties that many individuals with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) have finding affordable, stable housing. It also looks at distributions of HOPWA funds, including eligibility and eligible uses for such funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department