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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
State and Local Restrictions on Employing, Renting Property to, or Providing Services for Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Issues and Recent Judicial Developments

State and Local Restrictions on Employing, Renting Property to, or Providing Services for Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Issues and Recent Judicial Developments

Date: January 28, 2008
Creator: Garcia, Michael John; Feder, Jody & Smith, Alison M.
Description: This report discusses the constitutional issues raised in relation to state and local laws intended to deter the presence of unauthorized aliens, along with the implications that federal civil rights statutes might have on the implementation and enforcement of measures restricting such persons' ability to obtain employment, housing, or other state and local benefits or services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reporting Issues Under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act

Reporting Issues Under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act

Date: October 24, 2008
Creator: Getter, Darryl E.
Description: This report describes current issues and recent changes to the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) of 1975. The report also provides a brief explanation of how recent reporting revisions may affect the reporting of loans covered by the Home Ownership and Equity Protection Act of 1994 and the Federal Housing Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Understanding Mortgage Foreclosure: Recent Events, the Process, and Costs

Understanding Mortgage Foreclosure: Recent Events, the Process, and Costs

Date: November 5, 2007
Creator: Getter, Darryl E.
Description: This report provides a general analysis and overview of current foreclosure issues addressed in the bills cited above. It begins with a description of the behavior of aggregate foreclosure rates. The behaviors of foreclosure rates are placed in the context of activity in the housing and mortgage market to illustrate any relationships. The foreclosure process is then explained, first from the point of view of a traditional financial lending institution, and then from the viewpoint of securitization when loans are sold in secondary markets. Finally, this report collects information from other studies to obtain an estimate of the average foreclosure costs. A brief discussion of the effect uniform foreclosure legislation may have on costs follows.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC): Efforts to Support Financial and Housing Markets

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC): Efforts to Support Financial and Housing Markets

Date: March 27, 2009
Creator: Getter, Darryl E. & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Description: This report discusses recent actions taken by the FDIC in support of financial and housing markets, which include restoration of the Deposit Insurance Fund, the development of the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program, efforts to reduce foreclosures, and establishment of the proposed Public-Private Investment Fund. Legislation such as H.R. 786 (introduced by Representative Barney Frank); H.R. 1106, Helping Families Save Their Homes Act of 2009 (introduced by Representative John Conyers, Jr., with 24 co-sponsors); and S. 541, The Depositor Protection Act of 2009 (introduced by Senator Christopher Dodd with 12 co-sponsors) have also been introduced to increase the effectiveness of the FDIC’s efforts to respond to recent market weaknesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Effects of Flat Taxes and Other Proposals on Housing: An Overview

Effects of Flat Taxes and Other Proposals on Housing: An Overview

Date: June 17, 1996
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: Studies have estimated that some of these revisions would cause a decline in demand for houses and significant reduction in house prices--perhaps in excess of 15 percent. These studies, however, presumed a fixed supply of housing; even a limited supply response would greatly decrease predicted asset price effects. Supply response is likely to be large in the long run and not insignificant in the short run. Effects on housing demand might also be mitigated by increases in savings rates and lower interest rates. Thus, effects of the flat tax on housing prices are likely to be limited in the short run and very small in the long run. Rental housing demand, on the other hand, would be encouraged with a shift to a consumption tax base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Flat Tax and Other Proposals: Effects on Housing

The Flat Tax and Other Proposals: Effects on Housing

Date: April 29, 1996
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Economic Analysis of Large-Scale Mortgage Refinancing Proposals: A Brief Overview of S. 3522 and S. 3085

An Economic Analysis of Large-Scale Mortgage Refinancing Proposals: A Brief Overview of S. 3522 and S. 3085

Date: September 11, 2012
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of policy proposals for the large-scale refinancing of mortgages for borrowers shut out of traditional financing methods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FHFA's Administrative Reform of Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and the Housing Finance System

FHFA's Administrative Reform of Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and the Housing Finance System

Date: May 23, 2016
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M.
Description: This report discusses housing finance reform and structural changes enacted by the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), particularly in relation to government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs). It includes sections on GSEs and conservatorship; FHFA reforms broken down into information about risk-sharing transactions, a common securitization platform, and single security; and Congressional action on GSE reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Mortgage Servicing Standards: Legislation in the 112th Congress

National Mortgage Servicing Standards: Legislation in the 112th Congress

Date: August 29, 2012
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M.
Description: This report analyzes the potential misaligned incentives in the servicer-mortgage holder relationship and the servicing standards that attempt to address each concern, the servicer-borrower relationship and the relevant servicing provisions, as well as the possible implications of reforming the servicing industry.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reduce, Refinance, and Rent? The Economic Incentives, Risks, and Ramifications of Housing Market Policy Options

Reduce, Refinance, and Rent? The Economic Incentives, Risks, and Ramifications of Housing Market Policy Options

Date: June 12, 2012
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M.
Description: This report discusses the background of financial panic in September 2008, precipitated by the housing bubble of 2006. In particular, the report looks at options that the 112th Congress has regarding the housing market: (1) reducing mortgage principal for borrowers who owe more than their homes are worth, (2) refinancing mortgages for borrowers shut out of traditional financing methods, and (3) renting out foreclosed homes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of the Housing Finance System in the United States

An Overview of the Housing Finance System in the United States

Date: March 13, 2013
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M.; Jones, Katie & Weiss, N. Eric
Description: This report provides an overview of how the housing finance system works and provides context for housing finance-related policy issues that Congress might choose to consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Legislative Proposals to Reform the Housing Finance System

Selected Legislative Proposals to Reform the Housing Finance System

Date: April 7, 2014
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M.; Weiss, N. E. & Jones, Katie
Description: This report briefly explains the different approaches to housing finance reform offered by several legislative proposals, focusing on efforts to replace Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and to reform the Federal Housing Administration (FHA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Legislative Proposals to Reform the Housing Finance System

Selected Legislative Proposals to Reform the Housing Finance System

Date: September 10, 2013
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M.; Weiss, N. E. & Jones, Katie
Description: This report briefly explains the different approaches to housing finance reform proposed by the three bills, focusing on efforts to replace Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and reform FHA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Legislative Proposals to Reform the Housing Finance System

Selected Legislative Proposals to Reform the Housing Finance System

Date: June 11, 2014
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M.; Weiss, N. E. & Jones, Katie
Description: The 113th Congress has seen several developments in the effort to reform the housing finance system. In the House, the Protecting American Taxpayers and Homeowners Act of 2013 (PATH Act; H.R. 2767) was ordered to be reported out of the House Financial Services Committee on July 24, 2013. This report will briefly explain the different approaches to housing finance reform offered by these legislative proposals, focusing on efforts to replace Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and reform FHA. The report does not describe every provision of the proposals but discusses major concepts and themes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fundamental Tax Reform: Options for the Mortgage Interest Deduction

Fundamental Tax Reform: Options for the Mortgage Interest Deduction

Date: August 8, 2005
Creator: Jackson, Pamela J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Introduction to the Design of the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit

An Introduction to the Design of the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit

Date: February 24, 2006
Creator: Jackson, Pamela J
Description: This report discusses the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC), which is a federal provision that reduces the income tax liability of taxpayers claiming the credit. These taxpayers are typically investors in real estate development projects that have traded cash for the tax credits to support the production of affordable housing. The credit is intended to lower the financing costs of housing developments so that the rental prices of units can be lower than market rates, and thus, presumably, affordable.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Introduction to the Design of the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit

An Introduction to the Design of the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit

Date: January 24, 2008
Creator: Jackson, Pamela J.
Description: This report discusses the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC), which is a federal provision that reduces the income tax liability of taxpayers claiming the credit. These taxpayers are typically investors in real estate development projects that have traded cash for the tax credits to support the production of affordable housing. The credit is intended to lower the financing costs of housing developments so that the rental prices of units can be lower than market rates, and thus, presumably, affordable.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac in Conservatorship

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac in Conservatorship

Date: September 15, 2008
Creator: Jickling, Mark
Description: On September 7, 2008, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) placed Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, two government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs) that play a critical play in the U.S. home mortgage market, in conservatorship. As conservator, the FHFA has full powers to control the assets and operation of the firms. Dividends to common and preferred shareholders are suspended, but the U.S. Treasury has put in place a set of financing agreements to ensure that the GSEs continue to meet their obligations to holders of bonds that they have issued or guaranteed. This means that the U.S. taxpayer now stands behind about $5 trillion of GSE debt. This report provides basic information on the GSEs, the government intervention, and the potential cost to the taxpayer.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of the HOME Investment Partnerships Program

An Overview of the HOME Investment Partnerships Program

Date: September 11, 2014
Creator: Jones, Katie
Description: This report provides an introduction to the HOME Investment Partnerships Program, including a brief history, an overview of allowable uses of HOME funds, and a description of certain program requirements. It also provides information on funding for the program and how that funding has been used.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Preserving Homeownership: Foreclosure Prevention Initiatives

Preserving Homeownership: Foreclosure Prevention Initiatives

Date: November 20, 2013
Creator: Jones, Katie
Description: This report describes the consequences of foreclosure on homeowners, outlines recent foreclosure prevention plans implemented by the government and private organizations, and discusses the challenges associated with foreclosure prevention.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Preserving Homeownership: Foreclosure Prevention Initiatives

Preserving Homeownership: Foreclosure Prevention Initiatives

Date: February 9, 2009
Creator: Jones, Katie
Description: This report describes the consequences of foreclosure on homeowners, outlines recent foreclosure prevention plans implemented by the government and private organizations, and discusses the challenges associated with foreclosure prevention.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Preserving Homeownership: Foreclosure Prevention Initiatives

Preserving Homeownership: Foreclosure Prevention Initiatives

Date: July 6, 2009
Creator: Jones, Katie
Description: This report describes the consequences of foreclosure on homeowners, outlines recent foreclosure prevention plans implemented by the government and private organizations, and discusses the challenges associated with foreclosure prevention.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Housing Issues in the 113th Congress

Housing Issues in the 113th Congress

Date: unknown
Creator: Jones, Katie; Carpenter, David H.; Hoskins, Sean M.; Keightley, Mark P.; McCarty, Maggie & Weiss, N. Eric
Description: This report begins by providing an overview of the current state of housing markets (both homeownership and rental) and the mortgage market in order to provide context for the policy issues that have been active during the 113th Congress. It then provides a brief description of issues that the 113th Congress has been considering. These issues are broadly divided into two categories: issues related to homeownership and housing finance, and issues related to housing assistance for low-income households
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Analysis of the Geographic Distribution of the Mortgage Interest Deduction

An Analysis of the Geographic Distribution of the Mortgage Interest Deduction

Date: January 30, 2014
Creator: Keightley, Mark P.
Description: This report analyzes variation in the mortgage interest deduction tax expenditure across states. Tax expenditures, such as the mortgage interest deduction, can generally be viewed as government spending administered via the tax code, or as tax incentives that are intended to achieve particular policy objectives. Regardless of the interpretation, tax expenditures provide a benefit to qualifying taxpayers by lowering their federal tax liabilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department