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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Summary of Major Changes in the Social Security Cash Benefits Program: 1935-1996

Summary of Major Changes in the Social Security Cash Benefits Program: 1935-1996

Date: December 20, 1996
Creator: Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
American Federalism, 1776 to 1997: Significant Events

American Federalism, 1776 to 1997: Significant Events

Date: January 6, 1997
Creator: Boyd, Eugene
Description: This report identifies several significant eras and events in the evolution of American federalism and provides a capsule description or discussion of each. It should be noted that among experts in the field of federalism there may be a general consensus concerning the evolution of American federalism; however, the choice of events and scholarly interpretations of such events may vary and are by nature subjective.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Commodity Legislation: Chronology, 1933-98

Farm Commodity Legislation: Chronology, 1933-98

Date: February 9, 1999
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: Farm commodity programs were a product of the Great Depression. This report discusses the history of farm commodity legislation. Since 1933, Congress has required the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) to administer a variety of programs providing price support and income protection for the nations farmers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spinning the Web: The History and Infrastructure of the Internet

Spinning the Web: The History and Infrastructure of the Internet

Date: August 12, 1999
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Holocaust--Recovery of Assets from World War II: A Chronology (May 1995 to Present)

The Holocaust--Recovery of Assets from World War II: A Chronology (May 1995 to Present)

Date: July 31, 2000
Creator: Salazar, Barbara A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Holocaust-Era Assets: A Guide for Filing Claims and a List of Compensation Programs

Holocaust-Era Assets: A Guide for Filing Claims and a List of Compensation Programs

Date: August 15, 2000
Creator: Salazar, Barbara A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Africa Backgrounder: History, U.S. Policy, Principal Congressional Actions

Africa Backgrounder: History, U.S. Policy, Principal Congressional Actions

Date: January 5, 2001
Creator: Copson, Raymond W.
Description: Congressional interest in Africa seems certain to continue, not only because the region is affected by a number of serious problems, some of which could have grave humanitarian consequences, but also because of the potential Africa offers for U.S. trade and investment should these problems ease. Africa's problems and prospects will likely assure continuing constituent interest as well, stimulated in part by the churches, relief organizations, and other non-governmental organizations active on African issues. This report is intended to introduce congressional readers to the region by providing an overview of Africa's history, a summary of U.S. policy toward Africa, and a listing of principal congressional actions affecting the region. The paper concludes with suggestions for further reading and a list of selected Congressional Research Service (CRS) products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

Date: August 9, 2001
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: In this report, the history of the federal transfer taxes, has been divided into four parts: (1) the federal death and gift taxes utilized in the period 1789 to 1915; (2) the development of the modern estate and gift taxes from 1916 through 1975; (3) the creation and refinement of a unified estate and gift tax system, supplemented by a generation-skipping transfer tax; and (4) the phase out and repeal of the estate and generation-skipping taxes, with the gift tax being retained as a device to protect the integrity of the income tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Initial Federal Budget Response to the 1941 Attack on Pearl Harbor

Initial Federal Budget Response to the 1941 Attack on Pearl Harbor

Date: September 13, 2001
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report discusses initial federal budget response to attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, which occurred as the federal government was half way through FY1942.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Stock Market's Response to Dramatic Historical Events

The Stock Market's Response to Dramatic Historical Events

Date: September 14, 2001
Creator: Jickling, Mark
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative History of the World War II Memorial and World War II Commemorative Legislation

Legislative History of the World War II Memorial and World War II Commemorative Legislation

Date: April 16, 2002
Creator: Weimer, Douglas Reid
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Commodity Legislation: Chronology, 1933-2002

Farm Commodity Legislation: Chronology, 1933-2002

Date: May 31, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report discusses legislation regarding commodities and price supports. Since 1933, Congress has required the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to administer various price and income support programs for U.S. farmers. Some standing authority for these programs is provided by three permanent laws, from 1938, 1948, and 1949. However, Congress frequently alters the basic provisions of these laws. The omnibus law now guiding farm support (through 2007) is the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Use of Preemptive Military Force

U.S. Use of Preemptive Military Force

Date: September 18, 2002
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Use of Preemptive Military Force

U.S. Use of Preemptive Military Force

Date: January 27, 2003
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

Date: April 9, 2003
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: In this report, the history of the federal transfer taxes, has been divided into four parts: (1) the federal death and gift taxes utilized in the period 1789 to 1915; (2) the development of the modern estate and gift taxes from 1916 through 1975; (3) the creation and refinement of a unified estate and gift tax system, supplemented by a generation-skipping transfer tax; and (4) the phase out and repeal of the estate and generation-skipping taxes, with the gift tax being retained as a device to protect the integrity of the income tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Use of Preemptive Military Force

U.S. Use of Preemptive Military Force

Date: April 11, 2003
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Historic Preservation: Background and Funding

Historic Preservation: Background and Funding

Date: August 11, 2003
Creator: Boren, Susan
Description: This report summarizes the federal role in historic preservation. It provides descriptions of and funding information for some of the major preservation programs, including the Historic Preservation Fund (HPF), the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, the National Trust for Historic Preservation, and the National Register for Historic Places.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Alien Tort Statute: Legislative History and Executive Branch Views

The Alien Tort Statute: Legislative History and Executive Branch Views

Date: October 2, 2003
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: The report provides a historical overview of court decisions interpreting the Alien Tort Statute (ATS), also known as the Alien Tort Claims Act (ACTA). The report then provides an overview of the positions taken by the U.S. government in published opinions of the Attorney General and in court briefs related to ATS claims.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: International Attitudes to Operation Iraqi Freedom and Reconstruction

Iraq: International Attitudes to Operation Iraqi Freedom and Reconstruction

Date: December 18, 2003
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A; Sharp, Jeremy; Caesar, Melanie; Frost, Adam & Machart, Helene
Description: Although there was widespread international disagreement in the period leading up to the U.S.-led war in Iraq, forty-nine countries demonstrated support for the coalition’s actions in Iraq by publicly agreeing to be included in the Bush Administration’s “coalition of the willing." This report tracks countries’ current political stances on the postwar situation, as well as major foreign monetary and military contributions to postwar Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Liberia: 1989-1997 Civil War, Post-War Developments, and U.S. Relations

Liberia: 1989-1997 Civil War, Post-War Developments, and U.S. Relations

Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Cook, Nicolas
Description: This report covers Liberia’s first civil conflict (1989-1997), post-war developments until roughly 2001, and the history of U.S.-Liberian relations and U.S. policy toward Liberia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Assistance in 1992: The Role of Congress

The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Assistance in 1992: The Role of Congress

Date: May 20, 2004
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the key role Congress played in formulating an aid program for the former Soviet Union in 1992. Focusing on tensions in the political and legislative system, it delineates congressional achievements — chief of which was the Freedom Support Act. The legislation that was ultimately produced became the basis on which future debate would be conducted regarding how the United States could continue to influence events in the former Soviet Union and assist its transition to an open market economy and democratic institutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Assistance in 1992: The Role of Congress

The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Assistance in 1992: The Role of Congress

Date: May 20, 2004
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the key role Congress played in formulating an aid program for the former Soviet Union in 1992.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Tribunals: Historical Patterns and Lessons

Military Tribunals: Historical Patterns and Lessons

Date: July 9, 2004
Creator: Fisher, Louis
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposals for Intelligence Reorganization, 1949-2004

Proposals for Intelligence Reorganization, 1949-2004

Date: July 29, 2004
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department