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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Desert Shield and Desert Storm Implications for Future U.S. Force Requirements

Desert Shield and Desert Storm Implications for Future U.S. Force Requirements

Date: April 19, 1991
Creator: Collins, John M
Description: This preliminary assessment summarizes U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps performances during recent war, then relates it to past experience and potential threats in ways that might help decisionmakers determine the most suitable characteristics of U.S. armed forces for the rest of this decade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Funding for Agriculture: A Brief History of Supplemental Appropriations, FY1989-FY2006

Emergency Funding for Agriculture: A Brief History of Supplemental Appropriations, FY1989-FY2006

Date: July 3, 2006
Creator: Chite, Ralph M
Description: From FY1989 through FY2006, 33 appropriations, authorization, or farm disaster acts added approximately $55.4 billion in supplemental funding for U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) programs. The two most recent supplemental appropriations were provided in response to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in the Gulf of Mexico and in preparation for a possible U.S. outbreak of avian influenza. Some FY1989, the vast majority of the total supplemental funding has been paid directly to farmers, primarily through two mechanisms: "market loss payments" and crop disaster payments. This report includes the total annual funding additions in the 33 acts providing economic and farm disaster assistance through USDA programs since FY1989.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Commodity Legislation: Chronology, 1933-98

Farm Commodity Legislation: Chronology, 1933-98

Date: February 9, 1999
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: Farm commodity programs were a product of the Great Depression. This report discusses the history of farm commodity legislation. Since 1933, Congress has required the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) to administer a variety of programs providing price support and income protection for the nations farmers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Commodity Legislation: Chronology, 1933-2002

Farm Commodity Legislation: Chronology, 1933-2002

Date: May 31, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report discusses legislation regarding commodities and price supports. Since 1933, Congress has required the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to administer various price and income support programs for U.S. farmers. Some standing authority for these programs is provided by three permanent laws, from 1938, 1948, and 1949. However, Congress frequently alters the basic provisions of these laws. The omnibus law now guiding farm support (through 2007) is the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Emergency Management and Homeland Security Organization: Historical Developments and Legislative Options

Federal Emergency Management and Homeland Security Organization: Historical Developments and Legislative Options

Date: July 18, 2006
Creator: Hogue, Henry B & Bea, Keith
Description: This report provides background information about the establishment and evolution of federal emergency management and related homeland security organization since 1950. Post-Katrina assessments of current arrangements by Congress and the White House are also discussed. Finally, the report provides a brief summary of related legislation that had been introduced as of July 17, 2006.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Emergency Management and Homeland Security Organization: Historical Developments and Legislative Options

Federal Emergency Management and Homeland Security Organization: Historical Developments and Legislative Options

Date: August 1, 2006
Creator: Hogue, Henry B & Bea, Keith
Description: This report provides background information about the establishment and evolution of federal emergency management and related homeland security organization since 1950. Post-Katrina assessments of current arrangements by Congress and the White House are also discussed. Finally, the report provides a brief summary of related legislation that had been introduced as of July 17, 2006.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA Reorganization Legislation in the 109th Congress

FEMA Reorganization Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: July 12, 2006
Creator: Bea, Keith & Hogue, Henry B
Description: In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, Members of Congress and others raised questions about the scope and reach of federal emergency management policies, the procedures used to administer federal statutory authorities, the qualifications of personnel, and other issues. Most of the questions focused on the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the agency primarily responsible for coordinating federal and non-federal disaster response activities. This report provides information on provisions of the Senate-approved amendment (S.Amdt. 4560) to the FY2007 appropriations bill, H.R. 5316, and H.R. 5351 that address concerns identified after Hurricane Katrina. To provide a context for information on the legislation, this report first summarizes findings and recommendations of the congressional and White House studies pertinent to the pending legislation reported from the House committees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financing Issues and Economic Effects of American Wars

Financing Issues and Economic Effects of American Wars

Date: July 29, 2008
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Levit, Mindy
Description: This report examines financing and economic issues in World War II, the Korean Conflict, the Vietnam Conflict, the Reagan Military Buildup, and the 1991 and 2003 wars in Iraq. It examines tax policy, non-military outlays, the budget balance, economic growth, inflation, and interest rates during these periods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Assistance in 1992: The Role of Congress

The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Assistance in 1992: The Role of Congress

Date: May 20, 2004
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the key role Congress played in formulating an aid program for the former Soviet Union in 1992. Focusing on tensions in the political and legislative system, it delineates congressional achievements — chief of which was the Freedom Support Act. The legislation that was ultimately produced became the basis on which future debate would be conducted regarding how the United States could continue to influence events in the former Soviet Union and assist its transition to an open market economy and democratic institutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Assistance in 1992: The Role of Congress

The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Assistance in 1992: The Role of Congress

Date: May 20, 2004
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the key role Congress played in formulating an aid program for the former Soviet Union in 1992.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
German Unification

German Unification

Date: November 6, 1990
Creator: Gallis, Paul E & Woehrel, Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Group of Eight Summits: Evolution and Possible Reform

The Group of Eight Summits: Evolution and Possible Reform

Date: March 17, 2006
Creator: Weiss, Martin A
Description: This report discusses the Group of Eight (G8) summit, which is a forum to informally discuss and create policies on major foreign policy issues among the heads of state of the United States, France, Germany, Canada, Italy, the United Kingdom, Japan, and Russia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Historic Preservation: Background and Funding

Historic Preservation: Background and Funding

Date: January 5, 2005
Creator: Boren, Susan
Description: This report summarizes the federal role in historic preservation. It provides descriptions of and funding information for some of the major preservation programs, including the Historic Preservation Fund (HPF), the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, the National Trust for Historic Preservation, and the National Register for Historic Places. Some Members of Congress have given historic preservation programs close scrutiny and have recommended that historic preservation activities be supported increasingly by the private sector.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Historic Preservation: Background and Funding

Historic Preservation: Background and Funding

Date: August 11, 2003
Creator: Boren, Susan
Description: This report summarizes the federal role in historic preservation. It provides descriptions of and funding information for some of the major preservation programs, including the Historic Preservation Fund (HPF), the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, the National Trust for Historic Preservation, and the National Register for Historic Places.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Historic Preservation: Background and Funding

Historic Preservation: Background and Funding

Date: January 22, 2007
Creator: Boren, Susan
Description: This report summarizes the federal role in historic preservation. It provides descriptions of and funding information for some of the major preservation programs, including the Historic Preservation Fund (HPF), the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, the National Trust for Historic Preservation, and the National Register for Historic Places. Some Members of Congress have given historic preservation programs close scrutiny and have recommended that historic preservation activities be supported increasingly by the private sector.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

Date: August 9, 2001
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: In this report, the history of the federal transfer taxes, has been divided into four parts: (1) the federal death and gift taxes utilized in the period 1789 to 1915; (2) the development of the modern estate and gift taxes from 1916 through 1975; (3) the creation and refinement of a unified estate and gift tax system, supplemented by a generation-skipping transfer tax; and (4) the phase out and repeal of the estate and generation-skipping taxes, with the gift tax being retained as a device to protect the integrity of the income tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

A History of Federal Estate, Gift, and Generation-Skipping Taxes

Date: April 9, 2003
Creator: Luckey, John R
Description: In this report, the history of the federal transfer taxes, has been divided into four parts: (1) the federal death and gift taxes utilized in the period 1789 to 1915; (2) the development of the modern estate and gift taxes from 1916 through 1975; (3) the creation and refinement of a unified estate and gift tax system, supplemented by a generation-skipping transfer tax; and (4) the phase out and repeal of the estate and generation-skipping taxes, with the gift tax being retained as a device to protect the integrity of the income tax.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Holocaust-Era Assets: A Guide for Filing Claims and a List of Compensation Programs

Holocaust-Era Assets: A Guide for Filing Claims and a List of Compensation Programs

Date: August 15, 2000
Creator: Salazar, Barbara A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Holocaust-Era Insurance Claims: Background and Proposed Legislation

Holocaust-Era Insurance Claims: Background and Proposed Legislation

Date: July 21, 2008
Creator: Belkin, Paul; Carpenter, David H.; Rubin, Janice E. & Webel, Baird
Description: This report aims to inform consideration of H.R. 1746 and possible alternatives by providing: background on Holocaust-era compensation and restitution issues; an overview of the International Commission on Holocaust Era Insurance Claims (ICHEIC), including criticism and support of its claims process and Administration policy on ICHEIC; and an overview of litigation on Holocaust-era insurance claims and the proposed legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Holocaust-Era Insurance Claims: Background and Proposed Legislation

Holocaust-Era Insurance Claims: Background and Proposed Legislation

Date: July 13, 2011
Creator: Belkin, Paul; Ruane, Kathleen Ann & Webel, Baird
Description: This report aims to inform consideration of H.R. 890 and S. 466 and possible alternatives by providing: background on Holocaust-era compensation and restitution issues; an overview of the International Commission on Holocaust Era Insurance Claims (ICHEIC), including criticism and support of its claims process and Administration policy on ICHEIC; and an overview of litigation on Holocaust-era insurance claims and the proposed legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Holocaust--Recovery of Assets from World War II: A Chronology (May 1995 to Present)

The Holocaust--Recovery of Assets from World War II: A Chronology (May 1995 to Present)

Date: July 31, 2000
Creator: Salazar, Barbara A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Initial Federal Budget Response to the 1941 Attack on Pearl Harbor

Initial Federal Budget Response to the 1941 Attack on Pearl Harbor

Date: September 13, 2001
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report discusses initial federal budget response to attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, which occurred as the federal government was half way through FY1942.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran-Contra Affair: Biographical Profiles

Iran-Contra Affair: Biographical Profiles

Date: March 27, 1987
Creator: Rathbun, Cheryl J.; Hatcher, Carolyn L. & Kappas, Peter
Description: This report provides biographical information on individuals who have been associated in public reports with the controversy surrounding the secret U.S. arms sales to Iran and the channeling of profits to the rebels or Contras in Nicaragua. The information has been compiled from public sources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Iran-Iraq War: Implications for U.S. Policy

The Iran-Iraq War: Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: October 14, 1987
Creator: Preece, Richard M.
Description: This report discusses the Iran-Iraq conflict at its present state, which has become a war of attrition with neither side capable of achieving a decisive military victory over the other in the short term. U.S. policy concerns currently are threefold: first, that Iraq, despite moves to sustain its economic and military capacities, ultimately might suffer a destabilizing defeat to the detriment of U.S. interests in the Persian Gulf region; second, that future instability in Iran could open opportunities for Soviet exploitation; and third, that the conflict might expand beyond its present confines to threaten friendly regional states and the availability of their vast petroleum resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department