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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Oil Shale: History, Incentives, and Policy

Oil Shale: History, Incentives, and Policy

Date: April 13, 2006
Creator: Andrews, Anthony
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Market Structure of the Health Insurance Industry

The Market Structure of the Health Insurance Industry

Date: November 17, 2009
Creator: Austin, D. A. & Hungerford, Thomas L.
Description: This report discusses whether or not the current health insurance market structure hinders the U.S. health system's ability to reach the policy goals of expanding health insurance coverage and containing health care costs. The report describes the forces that have shaped the health insurance industry. Reasons for high market concentration are discussed, along with profitability measures for the industry. Finally, options for Congress regarding the health insurance industry are analyzed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FEMA Reorganization Legislation in the 109th Congress

FEMA Reorganization Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: July 12, 2006
Creator: Bea, Keith & Hogue, Henry B
Description: In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, Members of Congress and others raised questions about the scope and reach of federal emergency management policies, the procedures used to administer federal statutory authorities, the qualifications of personnel, and other issues. Most of the questions focused on the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the agency primarily responsible for coordinating federal and non-federal disaster response activities. This report provides information on provisions of the Senate-approved amendment (S.Amdt. 4560) to the FY2007 appropriations bill, H.R. 5316, and H.R. 5351 that address concerns identified after Hurricane Katrina. To provide a context for information on the legislation, this report first summarizes findings and recommendations of the congressional and White House studies pertinent to the pending legislation reported from the House committees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Commodity Legislation: Chronology, 1933-2002

Farm Commodity Legislation: Chronology, 1933-2002

Date: May 31, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: This report discusses legislation regarding commodities and price supports. Since 1933, Congress has required the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to administer various price and income support programs for U.S. farmers. Some standing authority for these programs is provided by three permanent laws, from 1938, 1948, and 1949. However, Congress frequently alters the basic provisions of these laws. The omnibus law now guiding farm support (through 2007) is the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11

The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11

Date: July 14, 2008
Creator: Belasco
Description: This report details the total cost of counterterrorism operations in the Global War on Terror (GWOT) since the September 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States. This report also includes descriptions of relevant budgetary legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11

The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11

Date: September 1, 2006
Creator: Belasco, Amy
Description: This report details the total cost of counterterrorism operations in the Global War on Terror (GWOT) since the September 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States. This report also includes descriptions of relevant budgetary legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11

The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11

Date: July 28, 2006
Creator: Belasco, Amy
Description: This report details the total cost of counterterrorism operations in the Global War on Terror (GWOT) since the September 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States. This report also includes descriptions of relevant budgetary legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11

The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11

Date: September 22, 2006
Creator: Belasco, Amy
Description: This report details the total cost of counterterrorism operations in the Global War on Terror (GWOT) since the September 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States. This report also includes descriptions of relevant budgetary legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Holocaust-Era Insurance Claims: Background and Proposed Legislation

Holocaust-Era Insurance Claims: Background and Proposed Legislation

Date: July 21, 2008
Creator: Belkin, Paul; Carpenter, David H.; Rubin, Janice E. & Webel, Baird
Description: This report aims to inform consideration of H.R. 1746 and possible alternatives by providing: background on Holocaust-era compensation and restitution issues; an overview of the International Commission on Holocaust Era Insurance Claims (ICHEIC), including criticism and support of its claims process and Administration policy on ICHEIC; and an overview of litigation on Holocaust-era insurance claims and the proposed legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposals for Intelligence Reorganization, 1949-2004

Proposals for Intelligence Reorganization, 1949-2004

Date: July 29, 2004
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposals for Intelligence Reorganization, 1949-2004

Proposals for Intelligence Reorganization, 1949-2004

Date: September 24, 2004
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
War Bonds in the Second World War: A Model for Hurricane Recovery Bonds?

War Bonds in the Second World War: A Model for Hurricane Recovery Bonds?

Date: October 20, 2005
Creator: Bickley, James M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Historic Preservation: Background and Funding

Historic Preservation: Background and Funding

Date: January 5, 2005
Creator: Boren, Susan
Description: This report summarizes the federal role in historic preservation. It provides descriptions of and funding information for some of the major preservation programs, including the Historic Preservation Fund (HPF), the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, the National Trust for Historic Preservation, and the National Register for Historic Places. Some Members of Congress have given historic preservation programs close scrutiny and have recommended that historic preservation activities be supported increasingly by the private sector.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Historic Preservation: Background and Funding

Historic Preservation: Background and Funding

Date: August 11, 2003
Creator: Boren, Susan
Description: This report summarizes the federal role in historic preservation. It provides descriptions of and funding information for some of the major preservation programs, including the Historic Preservation Fund (HPF), the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, the National Trust for Historic Preservation, and the National Register for Historic Places.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Historic Preservation: Background and Funding

Historic Preservation: Background and Funding

Date: January 22, 2007
Creator: Boren, Susan
Description: This report summarizes the federal role in historic preservation. It provides descriptions of and funding information for some of the major preservation programs, including the Historic Preservation Fund (HPF), the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, the National Trust for Historic Preservation, and the National Register for Historic Places. Some Members of Congress have given historic preservation programs close scrutiny and have recommended that historic preservation activities be supported increasingly by the private sector.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Emergency Funding for Agriculture: A Brief History of Supplemental Appropriations, FY1989-FY2006

Emergency Funding for Agriculture: A Brief History of Supplemental Appropriations, FY1989-FY2006

Date: July 3, 2006
Creator: Chite, Ralph M
Description: From FY1989 through FY2006, 33 appropriations, authorization, or farm disaster acts added approximately $55.4 billion in supplemental funding for U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) programs. The two most recent supplemental appropriations were provided in response to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in the Gulf of Mexico and in preparation for a possible U.S. outbreak of avian influenza. Some FY1989, the vast majority of the total supplemental funding has been paid directly to farmers, primarily through two mechanisms: "market loss payments" and crop disaster payments. This report includes the total annual funding additions in the 33 acts providing economic and farm disaster assistance through USDA programs since FY1989.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Liberia: 1989-1997 Civil War, Post-War Developments, and U.S. Relations

Liberia: 1989-1997 Civil War, Post-War Developments, and U.S. Relations

Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Cook, Nicolas
Description: This report covers Liberia’s first civil conflict (1989-1997), post-war developments until roughly 2001, and the history of U.S.-Liberian relations and U.S. policy toward Liberia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Africa Backgrounder: History, U.S. Policy, Principal Congressional Actions

Africa Backgrounder: History, U.S. Policy, Principal Congressional Actions

Date: January 5, 2001
Creator: Copson, Raymond W.
Description: Congressional interest in Africa seems certain to continue, not only because the region is affected by a number of serious problems, some of which could have grave humanitarian consequences, but also because of the potential Africa offers for U.S. trade and investment should these problems ease. Africa's problems and prospects will likely assure continuing constituent interest as well, stimulated in part by the churches, relief organizations, and other non-governmental organizations active on African issues. This report is intended to introduce congressional readers to the region by providing an overview of Africa's history, a summary of U.S. policy toward Africa, and a listing of principal congressional actions affecting the region. The paper concludes with suggestions for further reading and a list of selected Congressional Research Service (CRS) products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tibet: Problems, Prospects, and U.S. Policy

Tibet: Problems, Prospects, and U.S. Policy

Date: July 30, 2008
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: This report consists of three free-standing parts: the first discusses current issues in Tibet, including the March 2008 Chinese crackdown against demonstrations in Lhasa and elsewhere; the second briefly reviews Tibet's historical and political status with respect to China — a basic source of controversy in many Sino-Tibetan problems; and the third reviews and analyzes U.S. relations with and congressional actions toward Tibet since the 1980s, including legislative initiatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Alien Tort Statute: Legislative History and Executive Branch Views

The Alien Tort Statute: Legislative History and Executive Branch Views

Date: October 2, 2003
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: The report provides a historical overview of court decisions interpreting the Alien Tort Statute (ATS), also known as the Alien Tort Claims Act (ACTA). The report then provides an overview of the positions taken by the U.S. government in published opinions of the Attorney General and in court briefs related to ATS claims.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Declarations of War and Authorizations for the Use of Military Force: Historical Background and Legal Implications

Declarations of War and Authorizations for the Use of Military Force: Historical Background and Legal Implications

Date: August 11, 2006
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K & Grimmett, Richard F
Description: This report provides historical background on the enactment of declarations of war and authorizations for the use of force and analyzes their legal effects under international and domestic law. It also sets forth their texts in two appendices. Because the statutes that confer standby authority on the President and the executive branch potentially play such a large role in an armed conflict to which the United States is a party, the report includes an extensive listing and summary of the statutes that are triggered by a declaration of war, a declaration of national emergency, and/or the existence of a state of war. The report concludes with a summary of the Congressional procedures applicable to the enactment of a declaration of war or authorization for the use of force and to measures under the War Powers Resolution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Tribunals: Historical Patterns and Lessons

Military Tribunals: Historical Patterns and Lessons

Date: July 9, 2004
Creator: Fisher, Louis
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Commemorative Observances: A Chronological List

Commemorative Observances: A Chronological List

Date: August 29, 2006
Creator: Frazier-Thompson, Judith B
Description: Historically, national commemorative observances were recommended by Congress through the legislative process. This practice was discontinued by the House of Representatives in January 1995, although the Senate continues to issue sense of the Senate resolutions recommending the establishment of commemoratives. It has now become standard practice for special observances to be designated by a proclamation issued by the President. This report is a chronological list of these proclamations for 1997 and 1998, indicating the proclamation number and its Federal Register citation
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Parliamentary-Style Question Period: Proposals and Issues for Congress

A Parliamentary-Style Question Period: Proposals and Issues for Congress

Date: July 29, 2008
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.
Description: This report surveys how question periods are conducted in Britain and other parliamentary democracies, examines previous proposals for question periods in the United States, considers potential advantages and disadvantages of a question period, and outlines some legislative considerations for policymakers considering a question period for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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