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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force

Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force

Date: October 28, 2010
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: he increased presence of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs and in the scientific workforce has been and continues to be of concern to some in the scientific community. Enrollment of U.S. citizens in graduate science and engineering programs has not kept pace with that of foreign students in those programs. The scientific community has been divided over proposals to impose stricter immigration limits on people with scientific and technical skills. Attempts to settle upon the balance between the needs for a highly skilled scientific and technical workforce, and the need to protect and ensure job opportunities, salaries, and working conditions of U.S. scientific personnel, will continue to be debated. This report addresses these issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides

Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides

Date: March 27, 2002
Creator: Mages, Lisa
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides

Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides

Date: October 15, 2003
Creator: Mages, Lisa
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internships and Fellowships: Congressional, Federal, and Other Work Experience Opportunities

Internships and Fellowships: Congressional, Federal, and Other Work Experience Opportunities

Date: March 8, 2000
Creator: Watkins, Susan E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internships and Fellowships: Congressional, Federal, and Other Work Experience Opportunities

Internships and Fellowships: Congressional, Federal, and Other Work Experience Opportunities

Date: June 26, 2001
Creator: Greenfield, Susan Watkins
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internships and Fellowships: Congressional, Federal, and Other Work Experience Opportunities

Internships and Fellowships: Congressional, Federal, and Other Work Experience Opportunities

Date: December 18, 2001
Creator: Greenfield, Susan Watkins
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internships and Fellowships: Congressional, Federal, and Other Work Experience Opportunities

Internships and Fellowships: Congressional, Federal, and Other Work Experience Opportunities

Date: January 28, 2003
Creator: Greenfield, Susan Watkins
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Student Loan Forgiveness Programs

Student Loan Forgiveness Programs

Date: August 9, 2004
Creator: McCallion, Gail
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internships and Fellowships: Congressional, Federal, and Other Work Experience Opportunities

Internships and Fellowships: Congressional, Federal, and Other Work Experience Opportunities

Date: May 24, 2002
Creator: Greenfield, Susan Watkins
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education Issues in the 105th Congress, 2nd Session

Education Issues in the 105th Congress, 2nd Session

Date: January 26, 1998
Creator: Irwin, Paul M
Description: Several education issues are being considered by the 105th Congress. Some of the congressional action results from expiring legislation, such as the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA). Other action may occur because of debate over the appropriate federal role in education, including federal support for school reform or national testing. This report provides a brief summary of education issues anticipated for the 2nd Session, as well as a synopsis of education activity during the 1st Session.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internships and Fellowships: Congressional, Federal, and Other Work Experience Opportunities

Internships and Fellowships: Congressional, Federal, and Other Work Experience Opportunities

Date: June 2, 1997
Creator: Hillson, Barbara
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Standardized Educational Test Scores

Standardized Educational Test Scores

Date: March 1, 1984
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Alien Students, Higher Education, and In-State Tuition Rates: A Legal Analysis

Unauthorized Alien Students, Higher Education, and In-State Tuition Rates: A Legal Analysis

Date: September 21, 2010
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: Currently, federal law prohibits states from granting unauthorized aliens certain postsecondary educational benefits on the basis of state residence, unless equal benefits are made available to all U.S. citizens. This prohibition is commonly understood to apply to the granting of "in-state" residency status for tuition purposes. In the 110th Congress, several bills that would amend this federal law have been introduced. Meanwhile, some states have passed laws aimed at making unauthorized state residents eligible for in-state tuition without violating this provision. This report provides a legal overview of cases involving immigrant access to higher education, as well as an analysis of the legality of state laws that make in-state tuition rates available to illegal immigrants.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Alien Students, Higher Education, and In-State Tuition Rates: A Legal Analysis

Unauthorized Alien Students, Higher Education, and In-State Tuition Rates: A Legal Analysis

Date: October 7, 2008
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: Currently, federal law prohibits states from granting unauthorized aliens certain postsecondary educational benefits on the basis of state residence, unless equal benefits are made available to all U.S. citizens. This prohibition is commonly understood to apply to the granting of "in-state" residency status for tuition purposes. In the 110th Congress, several bills that would amend this federal law have been introduced. Meanwhile, some states have passed laws aimed at making unauthorized state residents eligible for in-state tuition without violating this provision. This report provides a legal overview of cases involving immigrant access to higher education, as well as an analysis of the legality of state laws that make in-state tuition rates available to illegal immigrants.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid and Graduate Medical Education

Medicaid and Graduate Medical Education

Date: February 17, 2009
Creator: Herz, Elicia J. & Tilson, Sibyl
Description: This report discusses Medicaid coverage of graduate medical education (GME) costs. GME costs are difficult to determine because teaching occurs in the context of patient care and research. There are direct GME (DGME) costs, which include residents' stipends, payments to supervising physicians, and direct program administration costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internships, Fellowships, and Other Work Experience Opportunities in the Federal Government

Internships, Fellowships, and Other Work Experience Opportunities in the Federal Government

Date: October 28, 2004
Creator: Gomez, Julissa
Description: This report describes Internet resources on internships, fellowships, and work experience programs within the federal government. It is intended as a selective guide for students of all levels: high school, undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Medical Graduates: A Brief Overview of the J-1 Visa Waiver Program

Foreign Medical Graduates: A Brief Overview of the J-1 Visa Waiver Program

Date: January 26, 2007
Creator: Ester, Karma
Description: This report focuses on those international medical graduates (IMGs) who are foreign nationals, hereafter referred to as foreign medical graduates (FMGs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides

Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides

Date: November 2, 2004
Creator: Mages, Lisa
Description: This report provides a list of books and Web addresses intended to help students locate financial aid. This list includes both general and comprehensive works, as well as ones targeted toward specific types of aid and circumstances (e.g., non-need-based scholarships, female and minority students, or students studying abroad).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sexual Violence at Institutions of Higher Education

Sexual Violence at Institutions of Higher Education

Date: April 15, 2016
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B. & Feder, Jody
Description: This report provides background information on sexual violence on campus and its prevalence, descriptions of the Clery Act and Title IX, and an analysis of prominent policy and legal issues related to these two statutes. It also includes a brief description of a related third statute focused on educational privacy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid and Graduate Medical Education

Medicaid and Graduate Medical Education

Date: May 28, 2008
Creator: Herz, Elicia J. & Tilson, Sibyl
Description: This report discusses Medicaid coverage of graduate medical education (GME) costs. GME costs are difficult to determine because teaching occurs in the context of patient care and research. There are direct GME (DGME) costs, which include residents' stipends, payments to supervising physicians, and direct program administration costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Interest Rates on Subsidized Stafford Loans to Undergraduate Students

Interest Rates on Subsidized Stafford Loans to Undergraduate Students

Date: May 4, 2012
Creator: Smole, David P.
Description: Beginning July 1, 2012, Subsidized Stafford Loans will be available exclusively to undergraduate students. The federal government "subsidizes" these loans by relieving the borrower of the requirement to pay the interest that accrues while the borrower is in school and during other authorized periods. In the 112th Congress, proposals have been made to reduce the interest rate applicable to Subsidized Stafford Loans that will be made to undergraduate students during AY2012-2013 from 6.8% to 3.4%. Proposals include the Interest Rate Reduction Act and the Stop the Student Loan Interest Rate Hike Act of 2012. It is estimated that a reduction in the interest rate would benefit approximately 7.4 million students who are likely to borrow Subsidized Stafford Loans during the upcoming award year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Student Loans and FY2006 Budget Reconciliation

Student Loans and FY2006 Budget Reconciliation

Date: October 24, 2005
Creator: Stoll, Adam
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education: Background and Funding

Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education: Background and Funding

Date: April 5, 2005
Creator: Mangan, Bonnie F.
Description: The Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (FIPSE) supports projects to encourage innovative reform and expand education opportunities to underrepresented groups. This report describes the historical context leading to the establishment of the Fund for Improvement of Postsecondary Education, provisions governing the program, and the variety of projects funded by FIPSE.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA): A Legal Overview

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA): A Legal Overview

Date: November 19, 2013
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report discusses the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) of 1974 that guarantees parental access to student education records, while limiting the disclosure of those records to third parties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department