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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

Date: July 10, 2014
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report provides both an in-depth description of the American Opportunity Tax Credit, an analysis of its economic impact, and an overview of various policy options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

Date: July 10, 2014
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report provides both an in-depth description of this tax credit and an analysis of its economic impact. This report is organized to first provide an overview of the American Opportunity Tax Credit (AOTC), followed by a legislative history that highlights the evolution of education tax credits from proposals in the 1960s through the recent extension of the AOTC at the end of 2012. This report then analyzes the credit by looking at who claims the credit, the effect education tax credits have on increasing college attendance, and administrative issues with the AOTC. Finally, this report concludes with a brief overview of various policy options, including tax law changes proposed in Chairman Camp's tax reform bill3 and in the President's FY2015 budget request.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

Date: June 11, 2012
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report gives an overview of the American Opportunity Tax Credit (AOTC)—enacted on a temporary basis by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act and extended through the end of 2012 by the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010— which is a partially-refundable tax credit that provides financial assistance to taxpayers who are attending college, or whose children are attending college. There are a variety of policy options mentioned in the report regarding the AOTC, including extending the credit, extending a modified AOTC, or repealing the Hope and Lifetime Credits and extending a modified AOTC that includes provisions included in these credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Higher Education Tax Benefits: Brief Overview and Budgetary Effects

Higher Education Tax Benefits: Brief Overview and Budgetary Effects

Date: July 10, 2012
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the higher education tax benefits that are currently available to students and their families. The report contrasts higher education tax benefits with traditional student aid, presents a brief history of higher education tax policy over the past 60 years, summarizes key features of the available tax benefits, and provides JCT estimates of revenue losses resulting from individual tax provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Higher Education Tax Benefits: Brief Overview and Budgetary Effects

Higher Education Tax Benefits: Brief Overview and Budgetary Effects

Date: September 25, 2012
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the higher education tax benefits that are currently available to students and their families. The report contrasts higher education tax benefits with traditional student aid, presents a brief history of higher education tax policy over the past 60 years, summarizes key features of the available tax benefits, and provides JCT estimates of revenue losses resulting from individual tax provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax-Preferred College Savings Plans: An Introduction to 529 Plans

Tax-Preferred College Savings Plans: An Introduction to 529 Plans

Date: February 23, 2015
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report provides an overview of the mechanics of 529 plans and examines the specific tax advantages of these plans for those families saving for college.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Student Drug Testing: Constitutional Issues

Student Drug Testing: Constitutional Issues

Date: July 15, 2002
Creator: Dale, Charles V
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal and Non-Federal Support of University Based Research

Federal and Non-Federal Support of University Based Research

Date: June 4, 2004
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: While the federal government continues to be the primary supporter of university based research and development (R&D), the financial composition of support for university-based research has changed considerably over the past 31 years. This report discusses national R&D expenditures for university based research, which reached $36.333 billion in 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Post-9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance Improvements Act of 2010

The Post-9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance Improvements Act of 2010

Date: August 13, 2010
Creator: Dortch, Cassandria
Description: Since enactment of the Post-9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance Act of 2008 (Post-9/11 GI Bill; P.L. 110-252; Title 38 U.S.C., Chapter 33), there has been discussion of problems and possible enhancements to improve the program's implementation, administration, and benefits. This report summarizes provisions in the Post-9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance Improvements Act of 2010 (S. 3447), as reported by the Senate Committee on Veterans' Affairs on August 5, 2010, for full Senate consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Post-9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance Improvements Act of 2010

The Post-9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance Improvements Act of 2010

Date: August 2, 2010
Creator: Dortch, Cassandria
Description: This report identifies and examines selected changes that the Post-9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance Act of 2008 makes to the Post-9/11 GI Bill and other GI Bills, including expanded eligibility.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Post-9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance Improvements Act of 2010, As Enacted

The Post-9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance Improvements Act of 2010, As Enacted

Date: January 31, 2011
Creator: Dortch, Cassandria
Description: This report identifies and examines selected changes that the Post-9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance Act of 2008 makes to the Post-9/11 GI Bill and other GI Bills, including expanded eligibility.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The TRIO Programs: A Primer

The TRIO Programs: A Primer

Date: January 11, 2016
Creator: Dortch, Cassandria
Description: This report is an introduction to the TRIO programs: the primary federal programs providing support services to disadvantaged students to promote achievement in postsecondary education. The TRIO programs were so named by the 1968 Higher Education Act (HEA) amendments, which consolidated a trio of programs under one title. The report provides an overview the programs, summarizes recent evaluations and performance reports, and reviews the Department of Education's progress in implementing HEOA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internships in Congressional Offices: Frequently Asked Questions

Internships in Congressional Offices: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: May 6, 2016
Creator: Eckman, Sarah J.
Description: This report addresses frequently asked questions (FAQs) about congressional interns and internships. It is intended to provide information to congressional offices about the role of interns and to provide a summary of some of the policies and guidance provided by the House and the Senate related to internships. It addresses the House and Senate rules that apply to congressional internships, factors that may affect an office's selection process and an individual's eligibility to serve in an internship, and some of the congressional resources and training opportunities available for interns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Medical Graduates: A Brief Overview of the J-1 Visa Waiver Program

Foreign Medical Graduates: A Brief Overview of the J-1 Visa Waiver Program

Date: June 5, 2008
Creator: Ester, Karma
Description: The Educational and Cultural Exchange Visitor program has become a gateway for foreign medical graduates (FMGs) to gain admission to the United States as nonimmigrants for the purpose of graduate medical education and training. These FMGs either enter under the J-1 nonimmigrant visa or receive waivers that require them to work in a designated healthcare professional shortage area for a minimum of three years. The ability of states to request such waivers is known as the "Conrad State Program," and was added temporarily to the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) in 1994. It has been extended by the last several Congresses. Legislation has been introduced in the 110th Congress to address the program's expiration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Medical Graduates: A Brief Overview of the J-1 Visa Waiver Program

Foreign Medical Graduates: A Brief Overview of the J-1 Visa Waiver Program

Date: January 26, 2007
Creator: Ester, Karma
Description: This report focuses on those international medical graduates (IMGs) who are foreign nationals, hereafter referred to as foreign medical graduates (FMGs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education: Federal Concerns

Education: Federal Concerns

Date: April 12, 1988
Creator: Evans, Angela
Description: This issue brief analyzes six areas in which Federal policies to address the educational system's current needs are being fashioned (1) services for disadvantaged youth, (2) the financing of post-secondary education, ( 3 ) the level of Federal appropriations for education, ( 4 ) responses to adult illiteracy, (5) international economic competitiveness, and (6) the role of vocational education.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education Funding Issues for FY89

Education Funding Issues for FY89

Date: April 15, 1988
Creator: Evans, Angela
Description: Congress considers annually the funding level for all programs administered by U.S. Department of Education (ED). The debate in this process has focused on how much the Federal Government should spend on education , and what, if any, program changes might be necessary to achieve these levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act: A Legal Overview

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act: A Legal Overview

Date: November 30, 2005
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA): A Legal Overview

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA): A Legal Overview

Date: November 19, 2013
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report discusses the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) of 1974 that guarantees parental access to student education records, while limiting the disclosure of those records to third parties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA): A Legal Overview

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA): A Legal Overview

Date: May 1, 2013
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report gives a legal overview of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) of 1974, which guarantees parental access to student education records, while limiting the disclosure of those records to third parties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Title IX, Sex Discrimination, and Intercollegiate Athletics: A Legal Overview

Title IX, Sex Discrimination, and Intercollegiate Athletics: A Legal Overview

Date: May 24, 2004
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report provides an overview of Title IX in general and of the intercollegiate athletics regulations in particular. It includes a summary of the report issued by the Commission on Opportunity in Athletics and the Department of Education's (ED's) response with a discussion of recent legal challenges to the regulations and to the three-part test.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Alien Students, Higher Education, and In-State Tuition Rates: A Legal Analysis

Unauthorized Alien Students, Higher Education, and In-State Tuition Rates: A Legal Analysis

Date: December 21, 2010
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report provides a legal overview of cases involving immigrant access to higher education, as well as an analysis of the legality of state laws that make in-state tuition rates available to illegal aliens.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Alien Students, Higher Education, and In-State Tuition Rates: A Legal Analysis

Unauthorized Alien Students, Higher Education, and In-State Tuition Rates: A Legal Analysis

Date: January 13, 2010
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report provides a legal overview of cases involving immigrant access to higher education, as well as an analysis of the legality of state laws that make in-state tuition rates available to illegal aliens.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Alien Students, Higher Education, and In-State Tuition Rates: A Legal Analysis

Unauthorized Alien Students, Higher Education, and In-State Tuition Rates: A Legal Analysis

Date: September 21, 2010
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: Currently, federal law prohibits states from granting unauthorized aliens certain postsecondary educational benefits on the basis of state residence, unless equal benefits are made available to all U.S. citizens. This prohibition is commonly understood to apply to the granting of "in-state" residency status for tuition purposes. In the 110th Congress, several bills that would amend this federal law have been introduced. Meanwhile, some states have passed laws aimed at making unauthorized state residents eligible for in-state tuition without violating this provision. This report provides a legal overview of cases involving immigrant access to higher education, as well as an analysis of the legality of state laws that make in-state tuition rates available to illegal immigrants.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department