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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Education Proposals in Trade Competitiveness Legislation

Education Proposals in Trade Competitiveness Legislation

Date: May 4, 1988
Creator: Irwin, Paul M & Riddle, Wayne C
Description: Improvement on America's competitive position in international trade is one of the major issues confronting the 100th Congress. Most legislative proposals have included provisions for increasing the funding levels for Federal education programs, expanding current programs, or authorizing new programs. The primary goal is to improve the productivity of the Nation's workers by raising the skill level of the workforce. Discussions about education's role i n addressing the competitiveness issue have included the contribution of education to productivity growth, comparisons of the educational achievement of American school children with that of their peers in other nations , the educational needs of illiterate adults , and the role of technology in education.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education-Related Hurricane Relief: Legislative Action

Education-Related Hurricane Relief: Legislative Action

Date: January 12, 2006
Creator: Skinner, Rebecca R; Apling, Richard N; Irwin, Paul M; Smole, David P; Mercer, Charmaine & Kuenzi, Jeffrey J
Description: This report provides an overview of the waivers that have been granted by the Department of Education in response to the Gulf Coast hurricanes; three public laws that have been enacted, specifically to provide financial relief to postsecondary students and institutions of higher education; and education-related hurricane relief provisions included in FY2006 defense appropriations. For K-12 education, the latter provides several waivers of existing requirements and appropriates $1.4 billion, primarily to restart school operations in affected areas and to provide emergency impact aid grants to schools serving displaced students. For higher education, P.L. 109-148 provides waivers of existing requirements and makes available $200 million to provide assistance under various HEA programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education Savings Accounts for Elementary and Secondary Education

Education Savings Accounts for Elementary and Secondary Education

Date: January 5, 2001
Creator: Lyke, Bob & Stedman, James B
Description: The Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 (P.L. 107-16) that President Bush signed on June 7, 2001, includes these changes, effective after 2001. The most prominent issue they raise is whether the federal government should assist families whose children are educated in private schools. Policy questions include what effect such assistance might have on public schools and student performance and whether it would be constitutional. Concerns have also been expressed that the legislation would create compliance problems and is most likely to benefit better-off families. P.L. 107-22 renamed the accounts Coverdell education savings accounts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education Savings Accounts for Elementary and Secondary Education

Education Savings Accounts for Elementary and Secondary Education

Date: August 23, 2001
Creator: Lyke, Bob & Stedman, James B
Description: The Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 (P.L. 107-16) that President Bush signed on June 7, 2001, includes these changes, effective after 2001. The most prominent issue they raise is whether the federal government should assist families whose children are educated in private schools. Policy questions include what effect such assistance might have on public schools and student performance and whether it would be constitutional. Concerns have also been expressed that the legislation would create compliance problems and is most likely to benefit better-off families. P.L. 107-22 renamed the accounts Coverdell education savings accounts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Elementary and Secondary Education: Accountability and Flexibility in Federal Aid Proposals

Elementary and Secondary Education: Accountability and Flexibility in Federal Aid Proposals

Date: September 6, 2001
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C
Description: The 107th Congress is considering proposals to amend the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). Much of the debate over these proposals has been focused on issues related to state and local accountability for, and flexibility in the use of, federal aid funds. Current federal elementary and secondary education assistance programs have a broad range of accountability requirements, including: targeting of resources on specific “high need” pupil groups, localities, or schools; limitations on the authorized uses of funds; fiscal accountability requirements, such as maintenance of effort; procedural requirements, such as parental participation or equitable treatment of pupils attending non-public schools; staff qualifications; reporting; outcome; and evaluation requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Examination of Student Loan Interest Rate Proposals in the 113th Congress

An Examination of Student Loan Interest Rate Proposals in the 113th Congress

Date: July 26, 2013
Creator: Smole, David P.
Description: Report that describes and analyzes student loan interest rate proposals that have been made in the 113th Congress to establish new policies for setting the interest rates that borrowers will pay on loans made through the Direct Loan program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act: A Legal Overview

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act: A Legal Overview

Date: November 30, 2005
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA): A Legal Overview

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA): A Legal Overview

Date: November 19, 2013
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report discusses the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) of 1974 that guarantees parental access to student education records, while limiting the disclosure of those records to third parties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA): A Legal Overview

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA): A Legal Overview

Date: May 1, 2013
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report gives a legal overview of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) of 1974, which guarantees parental access to student education records, while limiting the disclosure of those records to third parties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal and Non-Federal Support of University Based Research

Federal and Non-Federal Support of University Based Research

Date: June 4, 2004
Creator: Davey, Michael E
Description: While the federal government continues to be the primary supporter of university based research and development (R&D), the financial composition of support for university-based research has changed considerably over the past 31 years. This report discusses national R&D expenditures for university based research, which reached $36.333 billion in 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Pell Grant Program of the Higher Education Act: Background and Reauthorization

Federal Pell Grant Program of the Higher Education Act: Background and Reauthorization

Date: March 18, 2003
Creator: Stedman, James B.
Description: The Federal Pell Grant program is the single largest source of grant aid for postsecondary education attendance funded by the federal government, providing grants to undergraduate students estimated to have totaled more than $11.6 billion in FY2002. This report reviews how the program works and provides analysis of program funding, recipients (numbers and characteristics), and the role being played by the program in the distribution of federal student aid. It concludes with an examination of several Pell-related issues that may be considered by the 108th Congress in the HEA reauthorization process. This report will be updated to reflect major legislative action to reauthorize the Pell Grant program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Pell Grant Program of the Higher Education Act: Background and Reauthorization

Federal Pell Grant Program of the Higher Education Act: Background and Reauthorization

Date: December 16, 2002
Creator: Stedman, James B.
Description: This report reviews how the program works and provides analysis of program funding, recipients (numbers and characteristics), and the role being played by the program in the distribution of federal student aid. It concludes with an examination of several Pell-related issues that may be considered by the 108th Congress in the HEA reauthorization process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Pell Grants: Implications of Increasing the Maximum Award

Federal Pell Grants: Implications of Increasing the Maximum Award

Date: May 17, 2005
Creator: Mercer, Charmaine
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding at Historically Black Colleges and Universities

Federal Research and Development Funding at Historically Black Colleges and Universities

Date: September 26, 2008
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: This report discusses funding for the historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs). HBCUs comprise approximately 2.3% of all institutions of higher education, and enroll approximately 11.6% of all black students attending post-secondary institutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Student Aid Need Analysis: Background and Selected Simplification Issues

Federal Student Aid Need Analysis: Background and Selected Simplification Issues

Date: October 4, 2004
Creator: Stoll, Adam & Stedman, James B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Student Aid Need Analysis System: Background, Description, and Legislative Action

Federal Student Aid Need Analysis System: Background, Description, and Legislative Action

Date: February 3, 2006
Creator: Mercer, Charmaine
Description: A federal need analysis system underlies the annual allocation of billions of dollars (more than $73 billion in FY2005) in student financial aid supported by Title IV of the Higher Education Act (HEA) (P.L. 89-329, as amended). The system has regularly been characterized by many as too complex, creating a barrier for students seeking financial assistance, especially low-income students. This report provides an overview of the federal need analysis system, including a discussion of recent legislative changes and proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Student Loans Made Under the Federal Family Education Loan Program and the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program: Terms and Conditions for Borrowers

Federal Student Loans Made Under the Federal Family Education Loan Program and the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program: Terms and Conditions for Borrowers

Date: June 7, 2013
Creator: Smole, David P.
Description: This report discusses major provisions of federal student loans made available through the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (DL) program and previously made through the FFEL program. It focuses on provisions related to borrower eligibility, loan terms and conditions, borrower repayment relief, and loan default and its consequences for borrowers. These topics are principally discussed with regard to loans currently being made through the DL program, or made in the recent past through either program. The report also provides detailed historical information on annual and aggregate borrowing limits, loan fees, and student loan interest rates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Student Loans: Terms and Conditions for Borrowers

Federal Student Loans: Terms and Conditions for Borrowers

Date: June 1, 2004
Creator: Stoll, Adam
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Student Loans: Terms and Conditions for Borrowers

Federal Student Loans: Terms and Conditions for Borrowers

Date: November 16, 2004
Creator: Stoll, Adam
Description: This report discusses major provisions of the law pertaining to federal student loan borrowers who receive loans through the Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) and William D. Ford Direct Loan (DL) programs. The primary emphasis is placed on discussing provisions related to borrower eligibility, loan terms and conditions, borrower repayment relief, and loan default and its consequences for borrowers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Taxation of Student Aid: An Overview

Federal Taxation of Student Aid: An Overview

Date: February 4, 2002
Creator: Levine, Linda & Lyke, Bob
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Aid for Students: Online Resources

Financial Aid for Students: Online Resources

Date: June 17, 2013
Creator: Monagle, Laura L.
Description: Report that identifies various online sources for planning and acquiring funds for postsecondary education. This list includes both general and comprehensive sources, as well as those targeted toward specific types of aid and circumstances.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides

Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides

Date: March 27, 2002
Creator: Mages, Lisa
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides

Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides

Date: October 15, 2003
Creator: Mages, Lisa
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides

Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides

Date: November 2, 2004
Creator: Mages, Lisa
Description: This report provides a list of books and Web addresses intended to help students locate financial aid. This list includes both general and comprehensive works, as well as ones targeted toward specific types of aid and circumstances (e.g., non-need-based scholarships, female and minority students, or students studying abroad).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department