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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Higher Education Act: Reauthorization Status and Issues

The Higher Education Act: Reauthorization Status and Issues

Date: October 20, 2004
Creator: Stedman, James B.
Description: This report provides an overview of postsecondary education (institutions and students), an overview of the Higher Education Act (HEA) with a focus on its most significant programs and provisions, and a discussion of major issues that have been, or may be, of interest to the Congress during the HEA reauthorization process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monitoring Foreign Students in the United States: The Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS)

Monitoring Foreign Students in the United States: The Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS)

Date: October 20, 2004
Creator: Siskin, Alison
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internships, Fellowships, and Other Work Experience Opportunities in the Federal Government

Internships, Fellowships, and Other Work Experience Opportunities in the Federal Government

Date: October 28, 2004
Creator: Gomez, Julissa
Description: This report describes Internet resources on internships, fellowships, and work experience programs within the federal government. It is intended as a selective guide for students of all levels: high school, undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides

Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides

Date: November 2, 2004
Creator: Mages, Lisa
Description: This report provides a list of books and Web addresses intended to help students locate financial aid. This list includes both general and comprehensive works, as well as ones targeted toward specific types of aid and circumstances (e.g., non-need-based scholarships, female and minority students, or students studying abroad).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Student Loans: Terms and Conditions for Borrowers

Federal Student Loans: Terms and Conditions for Borrowers

Date: November 16, 2004
Creator: Stoll, Adam
Description: This report discusses major provisions of the law pertaining to federal student loan borrowers who receive loans through the Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) and William D. Ford Direct Loan (DL) programs. The primary emphasis is placed on discussing provisions related to borrower eligibility, loan terms and conditions, borrower repayment relief, and loan default and its consequences for borrowers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Concurrent Enrollment Programs

Concurrent Enrollment Programs

Date: December 14, 2004
Creator: Mercer, Charmaine
Description: Initiated in part as a proposal to reform U.S. high schools, concurrent enrollment programs enable high school aged students to take college level course work and receive college credit while enrolled in high school. Concurrent enrollment programs can be best described as a secondary/postsecondary school hybrid. This report provides a brief history of these programs and a description of the different types of programs, including participation data.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of Tax Benefits for Higher Education Expenses

An Overview of Tax Benefits for Higher Education Expenses

Date: January 3, 2005
Creator: Jackson, Pamela J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Security Education Program: Background and Issues

National Security Education Program: Background and Issues

Date: January 21, 2005
Creator: Kuenzi, Jeffrey J & Riddle, Wayne C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Campus-Based Financial Aid Programs: A Review and Analysis of the Allocation of Funds to Institutions and the Distribution of Aid to Students

The Campus-Based Financial Aid Programs: A Review and Analysis of the Allocation of Funds to Institutions and the Distribution of Aid to Students

Date: February 18, 2005
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: This report describes and analyzes (a) the process through which federal funds are allocated to institutions under the campus-based programs, (b) the potential for allocating all campus-based funding according to the existing need-based formulas, and (c) the current distribution of aid to students. It will be updated to track legislative proposals addressing the campus-based allocation procedures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education: Background and Funding

Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education: Background and Funding

Date: April 5, 2005
Creator: Mangan, Bonnie F.
Description: The Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (FIPSE) supports projects to encourage innovative reform and expand education opportunities to underrepresented groups. This report describes the historical context leading to the establishment of the Fund for Improvement of Postsecondary Education, provisions governing the program, and the variety of projects funded by FIPSE.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campus-Based Student Financial Aid Programs Under the Higher Education Act

Campus-Based Student Financial Aid Programs Under the Higher Education Act

Date: April 21, 2005
Creator: Smole, David P.
Description: This report discusses the issues likely to be considered during reauthorization are whether the campus-based programs provide types of aid to students that are not or cannot be provided via other postsecondary aid programs, and whether the current formulas for allocating funds to institutions for the operation of these programs are optimal. Provisions specific to each program, such as requirements for community service under FWS and terms and conditions of Perkins Loans also may be considered.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Palestinian Education and Debate Over Textbooks

Palestinian Education and Debate Over Textbooks

Date: April 27, 2005
Creator: Pina, Aaron D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Pell Grants: Implications of Increasing the Maximum Award

Federal Pell Grants: Implications of Increasing the Maximum Award

Date: May 17, 2005
Creator: Mercer, Charmaine
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adult Education and Literacy: Overview and Reauthorization Proposals of the 109th Congress

Adult Education and Literacy: Overview and Reauthorization Proposals of the 109th Congress

Date: May 19, 2005
Creator: Irwin, Paul M.
Description: The 109th Congress is considering the reauthorization of federal adult education and literacy programs. The Adult Education and Family Literacy Act (AEFLA) authorized these programs through FY2003. The primary AEFLA activity is a state grant program that supports education and literacy services for educationally disadvantaged adults. The AEFLA also authorizes national leadership activities in adult education and literacy, and the National Institute for Literacy. The FY2005 AEFLA appropriation is $585 million; the FY2006 budget request would reduce funding to $216 million. The AEFLA was enacted as Title II of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA), P.L. 105-220, on August 7, 1998.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trio and GEAR UP Programs: Status and Issues

Trio and GEAR UP Programs: Status and Issues

Date: June 6, 2005
Creator: Kuenzi, Jeffrey J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Language and International Studies: Federal Aid Under Title VI of the Higher Education Act

Foreign Language and International Studies: Federal Aid Under Title VI of the Higher Education Act

Date: June 21, 2005
Creator: Kuenzi, Jeffrey J & Riddle, Wayne C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Colleges and Universities Attended by Senators of the 109th Congress

Colleges and Universities Attended by Senators of the 109th Congress

Date: September 13, 2005
Creator: Amer, Mildred L
Description: This report identifies the colleges and universities attended by Senators serving in the 109th Congress. Where available in published sources, the degrees earned are also listed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Issues Raised by Hurricane Katrina: A Focus On Education and  Training

Issues Raised by Hurricane Katrina: A Focus On Education and Training

Date: September 16, 2005
Creator: Mercer, Charmaine; Apling, Richard N; Irwin, Paul M; Lordeman, Ann; Skinner, Rebecca R & Smole, David P
Description: This report provides a general overview of the federally funded programs administered by the Department of Education (ED) that can be used to help those affected by this disaster, and the existing statutory and regulatory authorities available to assist individuals who have been affected by a major disaster, where applicable.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Facilities Infrastructure: Background and Legislative Proposals

School Facilities Infrastructure: Background and Legislative Proposals

Date: October 24, 2005
Creator: Boren, Susan
Description: The federal government's role in financing school construction and renovation continues to be an issue in the 109th Congress, although school construction has generally been considered a state and local responsibility. According to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), the unmet need for school construction and renovation is estimated to be $127 billion. NCES indicates that three-quarters of the nation's schools report needing funds to bring their buildings into a "good overall condition." Indirect federal support for school construction is currently provided by exempting the interest on state and local governmental bonds from federal income taxes, as well as other tax code provisions. In the wake of Hurricane Katrina, an estimated 400 schools need to be rebuilt in Louisiana and Mississippi.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Student Loans and FY2006 Budget Reconciliation

Student Loans and FY2006 Budget Reconciliation

Date: October 24, 2005
Creator: Stoll, Adam
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rumsfeld v. FAIR:

Rumsfeld v. FAIR:

Date: November 15, 2005
Creator: Muhlfeld, Alison
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act: A Legal Overview

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act: A Legal Overview

Date: November 30, 2005
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force

Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force

Date: January 3, 2006
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: The increased presence of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs and in the scientific workforce has been and continues to be of concern to some in the scientific community. Enrollment of U.S. citizens in graduate science and engineering programs has not kept pace with that of foreign students in those programs. In addition to the number of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs, a significant number of university faculty in the scientific disciplines are foreign, and foreign doctorates are employed in large numbers by industry. This report examines these issues and discusses their policy implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education-Related Hurricane Relief: Legislative Action

Education-Related Hurricane Relief: Legislative Action

Date: January 12, 2006
Creator: Skinner, Rebecca R; Apling, Richard N; Irwin, Paul M; Smole, David P; Mercer, Charmaine & Kuenzi, Jeffrey J
Description: This report provides an overview of the waivers that have been granted by the Department of Education in response to the Gulf Coast hurricanes; three public laws that have been enacted, specifically to provide financial relief to postsecondary students and institutions of higher education; and education-related hurricane relief provisions included in FY2006 defense appropriations. For K-12 education, the latter provides several waivers of existing requirements and appropriates $1.4 billion, primarily to restart school operations in affected areas and to provide emergency impact aid grants to schools serving displaced students. For higher education, P.L. 109-148 provides waivers of existing requirements and makes available $200 million to provide assistance under various HEA programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department