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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Education for the Disadvantaged: ESEA Title I Reauthorization Issues
This issue brief covers only Parts A and E of ESEA Title I. Part A of Title I, grants to LEAs, constitutes over 90% of total Title I funding, while Part E authorizes program evaluation and demonstration projects of innovative practices, including the Comprehensive School Reform Program. Other Parts of Title I authorize the Even Start program of joint services to young disadvantaged children and their parents (Part B), plus aid for the education of migrant (Part C) and neglected or delinquent youth (Part D). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2161/
Elementary and Secondary Education: Accountability and Flexibility in Federal Aid Proposals
The 107th Congress is considering proposals to amend the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). Much of the debate over these proposals has been focused on issues related to state and local accountability for, and flexibility in the use of, federal aid funds. Current federal elementary and secondary education assistance programs have a broad range of accountability requirements, including: targeting of resources on specific “high need” pupil groups, localities, or schools; limitations on the authorized uses of funds; fiscal accountability requirements, such as maintenance of effort; procedural requirements, such as parental participation or equitable treatment of pupils attending non-public schools; staff qualifications; reporting; outcome; and evaluation requirements. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1647/
National Tests: Administration Initiative
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs636/
Student Loans: Proposals for Reauthorization
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs712/
Monitoring Foreign Students in the United States: The Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5866/
College Costs and Prices: Background and Issues for Reauthorization of the Higher Education Act
Based on available data, college tuition and fees have been rising more rapidly than household income over the past 2 decades. The divergence is particularly pronounced for low-income households and becomes less pronounced as household income increases. In analyzing price increases, researchers have considered whether a relationship exists between federal aid and price increases. There are several ways Congress could consider addressing the issue, such as imposing price controls, offering incentives for controlling prices or costs, ensuring the public is better educated about college cost and price issues, reducing regulatory burden, or changing federal financial aid programs. It is not clear which of these strategies would be most effective, or if Congress has appropriate tools at its disposal to address the issues of costs and prices. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7069/
Proposed Funding for Education in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009
This report provides a brief overview of the key provisions related to education programs that are or would be administered by the U.S. Department of Education (ED) that were included in the act under Title IX (Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education) and Title XII (State Fiscal Stabilization Fund). It also provides estimates of state grants for programs for which these estimates are relevant and for which data needed to produce the estimates are available. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462251/
Education-Related Hurricane Relief: Legislative Action
This report provides an overview of the waivers that have been granted by the Department of Education in response to the Gulf Coast hurricanes; three public laws that have been enacted, specifically to provide financial relief to postsecondary students and institutions of higher education; and education-related hurricane relief provisions included in FY2006 defense appropriations. For K-12 education, the latter provides several waivers of existing requirements and appropriates $1.4 billion, primarily to restart school operations in affected areas and to provide emergency impact aid grants to schools serving displaced students. For higher education, P.L. 109-148 provides waivers of existing requirements and makes available $200 million to provide assistance under various HEA programs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8350/
The Campus-Based Financial Aid Programs: A Review and Analysis of the Allocation of Funds to Institutions and the Distribution of Aid to Students
This report describes and analyzes (a) the process through which federal funds are allocated to institutions under the campus-based programs, (b) the potential for allocating all campus-based funding according to the existing need-based formulas, and (c) the current distribution of aid to students. It will be updated to track legislative proposals addressing the campus-based allocation procedures. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9262/
Campus-Based Student Financial Aid Programs Under the Higher Education Act
This report discusses the issues likely to be considered during reauthorization are whether the campus-based programs provide types of aid to students that are not or cannot be provided via other postsecondary aid programs, and whether the current formulas for allocating funds to institutions for the operation of these programs are optimal. Provisions specific to each program, such as requirements for community service under FWS and terms and conditions of Perkins Loans also may be considered. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9104/
An Examination of Student Loan Interest Rate Proposals in the 113th Congress
Report that describes and analyzes student loan interest rate proposals that have been made in the 113th Congress to establish new policies for setting the interest rates that borrowers will pay on loans made through the Direct Loan program. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227864/
Interest Rates on Subsidized Stafford Loans to Undergraduate Students
Beginning July 1, 2012, Subsidized Stafford Loans will be available exclusively to undergraduate students. The federal government "subsidizes" these loans by relieving the borrower of the requirement to pay the interest that accrues while the borrower is in school and during other authorized periods. In the 112th Congress, proposals have been made to reduce the interest rate applicable to Subsidized Stafford Loans that will be made to undergraduate students during AY2012-2013 from 6.8% to 3.4%. Proposals include the Interest Rate Reduction Act and the Stop the Student Loan Interest Rate Hike Act of 2012. It is estimated that a reduction in the interest rate would benefit approximately 7.4 million students who are likely to borrow Subsidized Stafford Loans during the upcoming award year. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc85421/
A Brief History of Veterans' Education Benefits and Their Value
This report reviews the evolution of veterans' education benefit programs and describes the types of education benefits that have been made available under these programs. It also examines how changes in the estimated value of these benefits compares with changes in average college prices, and provides a discussion of the interaction between veterans' education benefits and federal student aid benefits made available under Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA), as amended. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc462048/
The Higher Education Opportunity Act: Reauthorization of the Higher Education Act
This report begins with a brief overview of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA), its organization into various titles, and the major programs and program requirements specified under each title. It then identifies and describes selected amendments made to the HEA and other laws by the Higher Education Opportunity Act (HEOA). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc463214/
Education in America: Reports on Its Condition, Recommendations for Change
The quality of education in our schools, particularly our high schools, and appropriate Federal actions to improve educational quality have become a major political issue. A number of reports on education with recommendations for change have been issued, among them A Nation At Risk by the National Commission on Excellence in Education. These reports are critical of how our Schools are functioning and call for improvement in areas such as teaching, curriculum, and standards for student performance and behavior. Some issues raised by these reports are whether these changes are needed, how these changes might be implemented, and what might be the roles of different- levels of government in this process. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9059/
Federal Pell Grant Program of the Higher Education Act: Background and Reauthorization
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8432/
The Higher Education Act: Reauthorization Status and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5738/
The Higher Education Act: Reauthorization Status and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2165/
The Higher Education Act: Reauthorization Status and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2167/
The Higher Education Act: Reauthorization Status and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2164/
The Higher Education Act: Reauthorization Status and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2166/
The Higher Education Act: Reauthorization Status and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3795/
The Higher Education Act: Reauthorization Status and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3792/
The Higher Education Act: Reauthorization Status and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3791/
The Higher Education Act: Reauthorization Status and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3797/
The Higher Education Act: Reauthorization Status and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3790/
The Higher Education Act: Reauthorization Status and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3794/
The Higher Education Act: Reauthorization Status and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3796/
The Higher Education Act: Reauthorization Status and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3793/
The Higher Education Act: Reauthorization Status and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3789/
K-12 Teacher Quality: Issues and Legislative Action
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5863/
K-12 Teacher Quality: Issues and Legislative Action
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6557/
K-12 Teacher Quality: Issues and Legislative Action
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2612/
K-12 Teacher Quality: Issues and Legislative Action
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2611/
K-12 Teacher Quality: Issues and Legislative Action
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2610/
K-12 Teacher Quality: Issues and Legislative Action
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4415/
K-12 Teacher Quality: Issues and Legislative Action
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4416/
Goals 2000: Educate America Act Implementation Status and Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs630/
Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants (Title II, Part A of the Higher Education Act): Overview and Reauthorization Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4420/
America COMPETES Act and the FY2010 Budget
This report discusses in detail the America COMPETES Act, which is intended to increase the nation's investment in research and development (R&D), and in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. This report discusses the funding increases authorized by the act for various relevant institutions, e.g., the National Science Foundation (NSF); the act's education activities intended to enhance the skills of STEM educators; and if Congress will continue to similarly fund the America COMPETES Act in the FY2010 budget. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26144/
America COMPETES Act and the FY2010 Budget
This report discusses in detail the America COMPETES Act, which is intended to increase the nation's investment in research and development (R&D), and in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. This report discusses the funding increases authorized by the act for various relevant institutions, e.g., the National Science Foundation (NSF); the act's education activities intended to enhance the skills of STEM educators; and if Congress will continue to similarly fund the America COMPETES Act in the FY2010 budget. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26143/
Science and Technology Policymaking: A Primer
Science and technology policy is concerned with the allocation of resources for and encouragement of scientific and engineering research and development, the use of scientific and technical knowledge to enhance the nations' response to societal challenges, and the education of Americans in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. This report describes the science and engineering community, policymakers' interest in that community and its various endeavors, and the organizations that provide science and technology policy advice to agencies of the federal government and/or Members of Congress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26274/
Federal Student Loans: Terms and Conditions for Borrowers
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7724/
Student Loans and FY2006 Budget Reconciliation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7740/
Federal Student Aid Need Analysis: Background and Selected Simplification Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7373/
Foreign Students in the United States: Policies and Legislation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2614/
Foreign Students in the United States: Policies and Legislation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2613/
Foreign Students in the United States: Policies and Legislation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4417/
Internships and Fellowships: Congressional, Federal, and Other Work Experience Opportunities
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1246/
Unemployment Compensation (UC): Eligibility for Students Under State and Federal Laws
Report that describes the state variations student disqualification from Unemployment Compensation benefits while they attend school. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227804/
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