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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
K-12 Teacher Quality: Issues and Legislative Action

K-12 Teacher Quality: Issues and Legislative Action

Date: May 14, 2004
Creator: Stedman, James B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Saving for College Through Qualified Tuition (Section 529) Programs

Saving for College Through Qualified Tuition (Section 529) Programs

Date: October 19, 2004
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Saving for College Through Qualified Tuition (Section 529) Programs

Saving for College Through Qualified Tuition (Section 529) Programs

Date: December 17, 2001
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Palestinian Education and Debate Over Textbooks

Palestinian Education and Debate Over Textbooks

Date: April 27, 2005
Creator: Pina, Aaron D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trio and GEAR UP Programs: Status and Issues

Trio and GEAR UP Programs: Status and Issues

Date: June 6, 2005
Creator: Kuenzi, Jeffrey J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
College Costs and Prices: Background and Issues for Reauthorization of the Higher Education Act

College Costs and Prices: Background and Issues for Reauthorization of the Higher Education Act

Date: October 3, 2003
Creator: Skinner, Rebecca R
Description: Based on available data, college tuition and fees have been rising more rapidly than household income over the past 2 decades. The divergence is particularly pronounced for low-income households and becomes less pronounced as household income increases. In analyzing price increases, researchers have considered whether a relationship exists between federal aid and price increases. There are several ways Congress could consider addressing the issue, such as imposing price controls, offering incentives for controlling prices or costs, ensuring the public is better educated about college cost and price issues, reducing regulatory burden, or changing federal financial aid programs. It is not clear which of these strategies would be most effective, or if Congress has appropriate tools at its disposal to address the issues of costs and prices.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adult Education and Literacy: Overview and Reauthorization Proposals of the 109th Congress

Adult Education and Literacy: Overview and Reauthorization Proposals of the 109th Congress

Date: May 19, 2005
Creator: Irwin, Paul M.
Description: The 109th Congress is considering the reauthorization of federal adult education and literacy programs. The Adult Education and Family Literacy Act (AEFLA) authorized these programs through FY2003. The primary AEFLA activity is a state grant program that supports education and literacy services for educationally disadvantaged adults. The AEFLA also authorizes national leadership activities in adult education and literacy, and the National Institute for Literacy. The FY2005 AEFLA appropriation is $585 million; the FY2006 budget request would reduce funding to $216 million. The AEFLA was enacted as Title II of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA), P.L. 105-220, on August 7, 1998.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Student Aid Need Analysis: Background and Selected Simplification Issues

Federal Student Aid Need Analysis: Background and Selected Simplification Issues

Date: October 4, 2004
Creator: Stoll, Adam & Stedman, James B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Student Loans and FY2006 Budget Reconciliation

Student Loans and FY2006 Budget Reconciliation

Date: October 24, 2005
Creator: Stoll, Adam
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Pell Grants: Implications of Increasing the Maximum Award

Federal Pell Grants: Implications of Increasing the Maximum Award

Date: May 17, 2005
Creator: Mercer, Charmaine
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Student Loans: Terms and Conditions for Borrowers

Federal Student Loans: Terms and Conditions for Borrowers

Date: June 1, 2004
Creator: Stoll, Adam
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Language and International Studies: Federal Aid Under Title VI of the Higher Education Act

Foreign Language and International Studies: Federal Aid Under Title VI of the Higher Education Act

Date: June 21, 2005
Creator: Kuenzi, Jeffrey J & Riddle, Wayne C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Colleges and Universities Attended by Senators of the 109th Congress

Colleges and Universities Attended by Senators of the 109th Congress

Date: September 13, 2005
Creator: Amer, Mildred L
Description: This report identifies the colleges and universities attended by Senators serving in the 109th Congress. Where available in published sources, the degrees earned are also listed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Issues Raised by Hurricane Katrina: A Focus On Education and  Training

Issues Raised by Hurricane Katrina: A Focus On Education and Training

Date: September 16, 2005
Creator: Mercer, Charmaine; Apling, Richard N; Irwin, Paul M; Lordeman, Ann; Skinner, Rebecca R & Smole, David P
Description: This report provides a general overview of the federally funded programs administered by the Department of Education (ED) that can be used to help those affected by this disaster, and the existing statutory and regulatory authorities available to assist individuals who have been affected by a major disaster, where applicable.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rumsfeld v. FAIR:

Rumsfeld v. FAIR:

Date: November 15, 2005
Creator: Muhlfeld, Alison
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act: A Legal Overview

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act: A Legal Overview

Date: November 30, 2005
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Student Aid Need Analysis System: Background, Description, and Legislative Action

Federal Student Aid Need Analysis System: Background, Description, and Legislative Action

Date: February 3, 2006
Creator: Mercer, Charmaine
Description: A federal need analysis system underlies the annual allocation of billions of dollars (more than $73 billion in FY2005) in student financial aid supported by Title IV of the Higher Education Act (HEA) (P.L. 89-329, as amended). The system has regularly been characterized by many as too complex, creating a barrier for students seeking financial assistance, especially low-income students. This report provides an overview of the federal need analysis system, including a discussion of recent legislative changes and proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education-Related Hurricane Relief: Legislative Action

Education-Related Hurricane Relief: Legislative Action

Date: January 12, 2006
Creator: Skinner, Rebecca R; Apling, Richard N; Irwin, Paul M; Smole, David P; Mercer, Charmaine & Kuenzi, Jeffrey J
Description: This report provides an overview of the waivers that have been granted by the Department of Education in response to the Gulf Coast hurricanes; three public laws that have been enacted, specifically to provide financial relief to postsecondary students and institutions of higher education; and education-related hurricane relief provisions included in FY2006 defense appropriations. For K-12 education, the latter provides several waivers of existing requirements and appropriates $1.4 billion, primarily to restart school operations in affected areas and to provide emergency impact aid grants to schools serving displaced students. For higher education, P.L. 109-148 provides waivers of existing requirements and makes available $200 million to provide assistance under various HEA programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force

Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force

Date: January 3, 2006
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: The increased presence of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs and in the scientific workforce has been and continues to be of concern to some in the scientific community. Enrollment of U.S. citizens in graduate science and engineering programs has not kept pace with that of foreign students in those programs. In addition to the number of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs, a significant number of university faculty in the scientific disciplines are foreign, and foreign doctorates are employed in large numbers by industry. This report examines these issues and discusses their policy implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Higher Education Tax Credits: An Economic Analysis

Higher Education Tax Credits: An Economic Analysis

Date: January 17, 2006
Creator: Jackson, Pamela J
Description: This report provides analysis of the education tax credit program in the context of issues facing Congress in regard to higher education. This report begins with a review of the economic rationale for subsidizing education, then describes federal subsidies for education in general and the education tax credits in particular. An analysis of the education credits follows and the report concludes with a discussion of education tax credit policy options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sex Discrimination in Education: Title IX

Sex Discrimination in Education: Title IX

Date: May 10, 1983
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Pell Grant Program of the Higher Education Act: Background and Reauthorization

Federal Pell Grant Program of the Higher Education Act: Background and Reauthorization

Date: March 18, 2003
Creator: Stedman, James B.
Description: The Federal Pell Grant program is the single largest source of grant aid for postsecondary education attendance funded by the federal government, providing grants to undergraduate students estimated to have totaled more than $11.6 billion in FY2002. This report reviews how the program works and provides analysis of program funding, recipients (numbers and characteristics), and the role being played by the program in the distribution of federal student aid. It concludes with an examination of several Pell-related issues that may be considered by the 108th Congress in the HEA reauthorization process. This report will be updated to reflect major legislative action to reauthorize the Pell Grant program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of Tax Benefits for Higher Education Expenses

An Overview of Tax Benefits for Higher Education Expenses

Date: January 3, 2005
Creator: Jackson, Pamela J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Student Benefits

Social Security Student Benefits

Date: October 18, 1983
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department