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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Colleges and Universities Attended by Senators of the 107th Congress

Colleges and Universities Attended by Senators of the 107th Congress

Date: January 2, 2002
Creator: Amer, Mildred L
Description: This report identifies the colleges and universities attended by Senators serving in the 107th Congress. Where available in published sources, the degrees earned are also listed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Colleges and Universities Attended by Senators of the 109th Congress

Colleges and Universities Attended by Senators of the 109th Congress

Date: September 13, 2005
Creator: Amer, Mildred L
Description: This report identifies the colleges and universities attended by Senators serving in the 109th Congress. Where available in published sources, the degrees earned are also listed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internships, Fellowships, and Other Work Experience Opportunities in the Federal Government

Internships, Fellowships, and Other Work Experience Opportunities in the Federal Government

Date: November 18, 2014
Creator: Bailey, Christina M. & Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report describes Internet resources on major internship, fellowship, and work experience programs within the federal government. It is intended as a selective guide for students of all levels: high school, undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Facilities Infrastructure: Background and Legislative Proposals

School Facilities Infrastructure: Background and Legislative Proposals

Date: June 28, 2002
Creator: Boren, Susan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Facilities Infrastructure: Background and Legislative Proposals

School Facilities Infrastructure: Background and Legislative Proposals

Date: October 24, 2005
Creator: Boren, Susan
Description: The federal government's role in financing school construction and renovation continues to be an issue in the 109th Congress, although school construction has generally been considered a state and local responsibility. According to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), the unmet need for school construction and renovation is estimated to be $127 billion. NCES indicates that three-quarters of the nation's schools report needing funds to bring their buildings into a "good overall condition." Indirect federal support for school construction is currently provided by exempting the interest on state and local governmental bonds from federal income taxes, as well as other tax code provisions. In the wake of Hurricane Katrina, an estimated 400 schools need to be rebuilt in Louisiana and Mississippi.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Facilities Infrastructure: Background and Legislative Proposals

School Facilities Infrastructure: Background and Legislative Proposals

Date: January 14, 2003
Creator: Boren, Susan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Facilities Infrastructure: Background and Legislative Proposals

School Facilities Infrastructure: Background and Legislative Proposals

Date: August 28, 2003
Creator: Boren, Susan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
School Facilities Infrastructure: Background and Legislative Proposals in the 106th Congress

School Facilities Infrastructure: Background and Legislative Proposals in the 106th Congress

Date: September 22, 2000
Creator: Boren, Susan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congress and Program Evaluation: An Overview of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) and Related Issues

Congress and Program Evaluation: An Overview of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) and Related Issues

Date: March 7, 2006
Creator: Brass, Clinton T; Nuñez-Neto, Blas & Williams, Erin D
Description: This report discusses what RCTs are and identifies a number of issues regarding RCTs that might arise when Congress considers making program evaluation policy. For example, in the 109th Congress, Section 3 of S. 1934 (as introduced) would establish a priority for RCTs when evaluating offender reentry demonstration projects; Section 114 of S. 667 (Senate Finance Committee-reported bill) would require RCTs for demonstration projects for low-income families; and Section 5 of S. 1129 (as introduced) would call for RCTs for projects and policies of multilateral development banks. Issues regarding RCTs could also arise when actors in the policy process present specific program evaluations to Congress (e.g., in the President’s budget proposals) to influence Congress’s views and decision making. For many reasons, evaluations often merit scrutiny and care in interpretation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Issues Related to Funding for Religious Schools in P.L. 111-5, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Legal Issues Related to Funding for Religious Schools in P.L. 111-5, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Date: March 5, 2009
Creator: Brougher, Cynthia
Description: This report will provide a brief overview of the prohibition on the use of funds by institutions of higher education, including proposals considered by the House and Senate before the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA, P.L. 111-5) was enacted. It will also analyze the constitutionality of the distribution of federal money to religious schools in the context of common questions raised by these provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and "DREAM Act" Legislation

Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and "DREAM Act" Legislation

Date: December 14, 2010
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: In recent years, multiple bills have been introduced in Congress to provide relief to unauthorized alien students. In most cases, these bills have proposed to repeal the 1996 provision and enable certain unauthorized alien students to adjust to legal permanent resident (LPR) status in the United States. These bills have often been entitled the Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors Act, or the DREAM Act. This report discusses the background and debate surrounding "Dream Act" legislation in the 110th and 111th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and "DREAM Act" Legislation

Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and "DREAM Act" Legislation

Date: October 27, 2010
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: Supporters of comprehensive immigration reform have urged the President and Congress to pursue reform legislation. While legislative action on comprehensive reform does not appear likely during the remainder of the 111th Congress, there may be an effort to enact a measure, commonly referred to as the "DREAM Act," to enable certain unauthorized alien students to legalize their status. This report discusses the DREAM act and related issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and "DREAM Act" Legislation

Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and "DREAM Act" Legislation

Date: September 22, 2010
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: Supporters of comprehensive immigration reform have urged the President and Congress to pursue reform legislation. While legislative action on comprehensive reform does not appear likely during the remainder of the 111th Congress, there may be an effort to enact a measure, commonly referred to as the "DREAM Act," to enable certain unauthorized alien students to legalize their status. Multiple bills have been introduced in recent Congresses to address the unauthorized student population. This report discusses the DREAM Act, the topic of unauthorized alien students in general, and other related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and "DREAM Act" Legislation

Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and "DREAM Act" Legislation

Date: December 1, 2010
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: Supporters of comprehensive immigration reform have urged the President and Congress to pursue reform legislation. While legislative action on comprehensive reform does not appear likely during the remainder of the 111th Congress, there may be an effort to enact a measure, commonly referred to as the "DREAM Act," to enable certain unauthorized alien students to legalize their status. This report discusses the DREAM act and related issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and “DREAM Act” Legislation

Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and “DREAM Act” Legislation

Date: March 22, 2011
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses the "DREAM Act", a measure to enable certain unauthorized alien students to legalize their status, as well as related issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and "DREAM Act" Legislation

Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and "DREAM Act" Legislation

Date: March 21, 2012
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: The 109th and 110th Congresses considered, but did not enact, comprehensive immigration reform legislation that included large-scale legalization programs for unauthorized aliens. In the aftermath of these unsuccessful efforts, some interested parties have urged the President and Congress to pursue more limited legislation to address the status of unauthorized alien students. Such legislation is commonly referred to as the "DREAM Act."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and “DREAM Act” Legislation

Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and “DREAM Act” Legislation

Date: June 19, 2012
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report looks at the background and history of recent "DREAM Act"s, which address the status of unauthorized alien students. It pays special attention to the June 15, 2012 announcement that come individuals who were brought into the U.S. as children and meet other requirements would be eligible for deferred action for two years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and "DREAM Act" Legislation

Unauthorized Alien Students: Issues and "DREAM Act" Legislation

Date: January 8, 2008
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: Multiple bills have been introduced in recent Congresses to address the unauthorized student population. While there are other options for dealing with this population, this report deals exclusively with the DREAM Act approach of proposing relief for unauthorized students in light of the widespread congressional interest in it.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sex Discrimination in Education: Title IX

Sex Discrimination in Education: Title IX

Date: May 10, 1983
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Standardized Educational Test Scores

Standardized Educational Test Scores

Date: March 1, 1984
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

Date: July 10, 2014
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report provides both an in-depth description of the American Opportunity Tax Credit, an analysis of its economic impact, and an overview of various policy options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

Date: July 10, 2014
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report provides both an in-depth description of this tax credit and an analysis of its economic impact. This report is organized to first provide an overview of the American Opportunity Tax Credit (AOTC), followed by a legislative history that highlights the evolution of education tax credits from proposals in the 1960s through the recent extension of the AOTC at the end of 2012. This report then analyzes the credit by looking at who claims the credit, the effect education tax credits have on increasing college attendance, and administrative issues with the AOTC. Finally, this report concludes with a brief overview of various policy options, including tax law changes proposed in Chairman Camp's tax reform bill3 and in the President's FY2015 budget request.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

Date: June 11, 2012
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report gives an overview of the American Opportunity Tax Credit (AOTC)—enacted on a temporary basis by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act and extended through the end of 2012 by the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010— which is a partially-refundable tax credit that provides financial assistance to taxpayers who are attending college, or whose children are attending college. There are a variety of policy options mentioned in the report regarding the AOTC, including extending the credit, extending a modified AOTC, or repealing the Hope and Lifetime Credits and extending a modified AOTC that includes provisions included in these credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Higher Education Tax Benefits: Brief Overview and Budgetary Effects

Higher Education Tax Benefits: Brief Overview and Budgetary Effects

Date: July 10, 2012
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the higher education tax benefits that are currently available to students and their families. The report contrasts higher education tax benefits with traditional student aid, presents a brief history of higher education tax policy over the past 60 years, summarizes key features of the available tax benefits, and provides JCT estimates of revenue losses resulting from individual tax provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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