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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Association Health Plans: Legislation in the 109th Congress

Association Health Plans: Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: May 26, 2005
Creator: Hearne, Jean P
Description: An estimated 41.2 million people were without health insurance in 2001. Legislation under consideration by the 108th and earlier Congresses is intended to assist small employers in offering health insurance as a benefit to their workers. A new bill, H.R. 4281, introduced on May 5, 2004, The Small Business Health Fairness Act of 2003 (H.R. 6601s. 545), and a number of bills from the earlier Congresses include provisions creating new groups for small firms to join or encouraging the growth of existing groups so that small employers can band together to offer coverage to their employees. Opponents of the AHP approach raise concerns that unintended negative consequences would arise, negating the benefits that the new groups would create. While the proposed AHPs are not likely to immediately undermine the small group market, they are likely to require additional features to significantly expand insurance coverage among the uninsured.
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Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers

Date: May 5, 2005
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
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Medicare: Financing the Part A Hospital Insurance Program

Medicare: Financing the Part A Hospital Insurance Program

Date: April 11, 2005
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: None
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State Medicaid Program Administration: A Brief Overview

State Medicaid Program Administration: A Brief Overview

Date: March 30, 2005
Creator: Grady, April
Description: None
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Health Insurance Continuation Coverage Under COBRA

Health Insurance Continuation Coverage Under COBRA

Date: March 29, 2005
Creator: Yacker, Heidi G
Description: None
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Beneficiary Information and Decision Supports for the Medicare-Endorsed Prescription Drug Discount Card

Beneficiary Information and Decision Supports for the Medicare-Endorsed Prescription Drug Discount Card

Date: March 24, 2005
Creator: Justice, Diane
Description: On December 8, 2003 the President signed into law the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA, P.L. 108-173). This legislation establishes a Medicare prescription drug benefit, effective January 1, 2006. In the interim, the legislation requires the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to establish a temporary program of Medicare-endorsed prescription drug discount cards. This report discusses the objectives and benefits of this legislation.
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The Title X Family Planning Program

The Title X Family Planning Program

Date: March 22, 2005
Creator: Coleman, Sharon K.
Description: This report discusses Title X of the Public Health Service Act. The program, enacted in 1970, is the only federal program devoted solely to family planning and related preventive health services. Although the authorization for Title X ended with FY1985, funding for the program has been provided through bills that provide appropriations for the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies.
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An Overview of the U.S. Public Health System in the Context of Emergency Preparedness

An Overview of the U.S. Public Health System in the Context of Emergency Preparedness

Date: March 17, 2005
Creator: Lister, Sarah A
Description: None
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How Medicaid Works - Program Basics

How Medicaid Works - Program Basics

Date: March 16, 2005
Creator: Herz, Elicia J; Hearne, Jean P; Stone-Axelrad, Julie; Tritz, Karen; Baumrucker, Evelyne P; Scott, Christine et al.
Description: None
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Medicare Payment Policies

Medicare Payment Policies

Date: February 23, 2005
Creator: Tilson, Sibyl L; Chaikind, Hinda Ripps; O'Sullivan, Jennifer; Morgan, Paulette C; Justice, Diane; Stone-Axelrad, Julie et al.
Description: None
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The Pros and Cons of Allowing the Federal Government to Negotiate Prescription Drug Prices

The Pros and Cons of Allowing the Federal Government to Negotiate Prescription Drug Prices

Date: February 18, 2005
Creator: Hahn, Jim
Description: None
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Medicaid and SCHIP: The President’s FY2006 Budget Proposals

Medicaid and SCHIP: The President’s FY2006 Budget Proposals

Date: February 15, 2005
Creator: Grady, April; Hearne, Jean P; Herz, Elicia J; Scott, Christine; Stone-Axelrad, Julie & Tritz, Karen
Description: This report describes the proposal and provides an estimate of the cost or savings based on publicly available information. The report provides a brief background for the proposal and provides a listing of current Congressional Research Service (CRS) reports related to the proposal.
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Medicaid Expenditures, FY2002 and FY2003

Medicaid Expenditures, FY2002 and FY2003

Date: February 15, 2005
Creator: Tritz, Karen
Description: None
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Health Insurance:  A Primer

Health Insurance: A Primer

Date: February 3, 2005
Creator: Fernandez, Bernadette
Description: None
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Social Security and Medicare: The Economic Implications of Current Policy

Social Security and Medicare: The Economic Implications of Current Policy

Date: January 28, 2005
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: None
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Coverage of the TANF Population Under Medicaid and SCHIP

Coverage of the TANF Population Under Medicaid and SCHIP

Date: January 27, 2005
Creator: Herz, Elicia J
Description: Health insurance is an important support for individuals receiving, leaving or diverted from the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) welfare or cash assistance program for low-income families. Medicaid and SCHIP (State Children’s Health Insurance Program) are key vehicles for providing such coverage. While there is no formal link between TANF and either Medicaid or SCHIP, some TANF-eligibles, especially children, are likely to qualify for one of these programs. But state eligibility rules can be complex and often differ for parents versus children, leaving some parents, in particular, without coverage.
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Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers

Date: January 26, 2005
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report attempts to answer basic questions about the Military Health Services System (MHSS), its beneficiary population, the medical services it provides, its costs, and major changes that are underway or have been proposed. Citations are made to more detailed CRS studies where appropriate.
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Medicaid and the Current State Fiscal Crisis

Medicaid and the Current State Fiscal Crisis

Date: January 21, 2005
Creator: Scott, Christine
Description: None
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Medicaid Disproportionate Share Payments

Medicaid Disproportionate Share Payments

Date: January 10, 2005
Creator: Hearne, Jean P
Description: None
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Overview of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003

Overview of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003

Date: December 6, 2004
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer; Chaikind, Hinda; Tilson, Sibyl; Boulanger, Jennifer & Morgan, Paulette
Description: This report examines the the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003, which creates a prescription drug benefit for Medicare beneficiaries and establishes a new Medicare Advantage program to replace the current Medicare+Choice program.
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Medicaid Reimbursement Policy

Medicaid Reimbursement Policy

Date: November 2, 2004
Creator: Merlis, Mark
Description: This report begins with a summary of basic federal requirements applicable to payments for all services and an overview of major developments in federal Medicaid reimbursement policy over the last 20 years. This overview provides a historical context for current policies and highlights some issues that have been perennial concerns for federal and state policymakers. The next four sections of the report provide a detailed discussion of Medicaid reimbursement for four basic categories of services or providers.
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Health Care Flexible Spending Accounts

Health Care Flexible Spending Accounts

Date: November 1, 2004
Creator: Peterson, Chris L & Lyke, Bob
Description: None
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Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers

Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers

Date: October 22, 2004
Creator: Best Jr., Richard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Health Savings Accounts

Health Savings Accounts

Date: September 24, 2004
Creator: Lyke, Bob; Peterson, Chris L & Ranade, Neela K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department