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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Congress Faces Calls to Address Expiring ACA Appropriations

Congress Faces Calls to Address Expiring ACA Appropriations

Date: November 25, 2014
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen & Heisler, Elayne J.
Description: This report discusses the Affordable Care Act (ACA), enacted in March 2010, which appropriated billions of dollars of mandatory funds to support grant programs and other activities authorized by the law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Federal Pause in Potentially Risky Influenza Research

A Federal Pause in Potentially Risky Influenza Research

Date: November 24, 2014
Creator: Shea, Dana A.
Description: This report briefly discusses a recently implemented federal research moratorium that has highlighted concerns about the general appropriateness of research on biological pathogens and the sufficiency of certain biosecurity efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Treating Ebola Patients in the United States: Health Care Delivery Implications

Treating Ebola Patients in the United States: Health Care Delivery Implications

Date: November 4, 2014
Creator: Sarata, Amanda K.
Description: This report discusses the recent response to Ebola patients in the United States. While the U.S. health care system has the resources to effectively identify and treat Ebola cases, a situation that is novel, emergent, and resource-intensive may test the system's ability to effectively mobilize those resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. and International Health Responses to the Ebola Outbreak in West Africa

U.S. and International Health Responses to the Ebola Outbreak in West Africa

Date: October 29, 2014
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: In March 2014, an Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak was reported in Guinea, West Africa. The outbreak is the first in West Africa and has caused an unprecedented number of cases and deaths. The outbreak is continuing to spread in Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia (the "affected countries"); it has been contained in Nigeria and Senegal, and has been detected in Mali. As of October 22, 2014, more than 10,000 people have contracted EVD, more than half of whom have died. This report focuses on the health impacts of the outbreak and discusses U.S. and international responses to those health challenges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Discretionary Spending Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA)

Discretionary Spending Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA)

Date: October 28, 2014
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen; Colello, Kirsten J.; Heisler, Elayne J.; Lister, Sarah A. & Sarata, Amanda K.
Description: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Affordable Care Act, or ACA) reauthorized funding for numerous existing discretionary grant programs administered by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The ACA also created many new discretionary grant programs and provided for each an authorization of appropriations. Generally, the law authorized (or reauthorized) appropriations through FY2014 or FY2015. This report summarizes all the discretionary spending provisions in the ACA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Beverage Industry Pledges to Reduce Americans' Drink Calories

Beverage Industry Pledges to Reduce Americans' Drink Calories

Date: October 6, 2014
Creator: Dabrowska, Agata
Description: This report briefly covers recent initiatives by leading beverage companies to curb the obesity epidemic.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare: Insolvency Projections

Medicare: Insolvency Projections

Date: September 19, 2014
Creator: Davis, Patricia A.
Description: This report focuses on the two separate trust funds that fund Medicare, the Hospital Insurance (HI) trust fund and Supplementary Medical Insurance (SMI) trust fund. Almost from its inception, the HI trust fund has faced a projected shortfall and eventual insolvency. Because of the way it is financed, the SMI trust fund cannot become insolvent; however, the Medicare Trustees continue to express concerns about the rapid growth in SMI costs.
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Medical Loss Ratio Requirements Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA): Issues for Congress

Medical Loss Ratio Requirements Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA): Issues for Congress

Date: August 26, 2014
Creator: Kirchhoff, Suzanne M.
Description: This report provides a detailed description of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, P.L. 111-148) requirements for Medical Loss Ratio (MLR) reporting and rebates as specified in regulations, including components of the MLR formula, state flexibility and waivers, and the nature of rebates to policyholders. The report also addresses issues that have been raised about the MLR provisions since the ACA was enacted, namely the treatment of insurance commissions paid to brokers and agents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Summary Cost Data for Federally-Facilitated Exchanges, 2014

Summary Cost Data for Federally-Facilitated Exchanges, 2014

Date: August 8, 2014
Creator: Fernandez, Bernadette & Mach, Annie L.
Description: This report provides fact sheets for Federally-Facilitated exchanges offering individual plans.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations and Fund Transfers in the Affordable Care Act (ACA)

Appropriations and Fund Transfers in the Affordable Care Act (ACA)

Date: August 1, 2014
Creator: Redhead, C. S.
Description: This report summarizes all the mandatory appropriations and Medicare trust fund transfers in the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and provides details on the status of obligation of these funds. The information is presented in two tables. The report also includes a brief discussion of the impact that sequestration is having on ACA mandatory spending.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department