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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Health Care Fact Sheet: International Health Spending
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Cigarette Taxes to Fund Health Care Reform: An Economic Analysis
A cigarette excise tax increase of 75 cents per pack has been proposed to finance part of the President's universal health care program. The tax enjoys considerable public support, would raise about $11 billion per year, and would be relatively simple to administer because it would increase an existing manufacturer's excise tax. This report discusses these rationales, as well as other effects of and concerns about the tax, organized into topics of market failure as a justification for the tax (i.e., economic efficiency); potential for revenue; equity; and the job loss the tax might cause in tobacco growing regions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26039/
World Health Organization: A Fact Sheet
The World Health organization (WHO), established in 1948, is the United Nations system's authority on international public health issues. It assists governments in improving national health services and in establishing worldwide standards for foods, chemicals, and biological and pharmaceutical products. WHO concentrates on preventive rather than curative programs, including efforts to eradicate endemic and other widespread diseases, stabilize population growth, improve nutrition, sanitation, and maternal and child care. WHO is not an operational agency. It works through contracts with other agencies and private voluntary organizations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26072/
Medicare: Payments to HMOs and Other Private Plans Under the Medicare+Choice Program
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Managed Health Care: A Primer
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Federal Employees Health Benefits Program
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Managed Health Care: Federal and State Regulation
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Medicare: Private Contracts
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Medicare: Payments to Physicians
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Medicaid: 105th Congress
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Medical Savings Accounts: Legislation in the 105th Congress
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The State Children's Health Insurance Program: Guidance on Frequently Asked Questions
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Medicare Expansion: President Clinton's Proposals to Allow Coverage Before Age 65
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Medicare: Financing the Part A Hospital Insurance Program
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The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare
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The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996: Guidance on Frequently Asked Questions
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Medicare: Changes to Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (BBA 97, P.L. 105-33) Provisions
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Medicare Beneficiary Access to Care: The Effects of New Prospective Payment Systems on Outpatient Hospital Care, Home Health Care, and Skilled Nursing Facility Care
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Trends in Medicare Spending: Fact Sheet
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Medicare: Prescription Drug Proposals
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The State Children's Health Insurance Program: Eligibility, Enrollment, and Program Funding
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Long-Term Care: The President's FY2001 Budget Proposals and Related Legislation
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Medicare: Selected Prescription Drug Proposals
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Medicare: Side-by-Side Comparison of Selected Prescription Drug Bills
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Pharmacy Benefit Managers
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Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers
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Medicaid, SCHIP, and Other Health Provisions in H.R. 5661: Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Benefits Improvement and Protection Act of 2000
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Reaching Low-Income, Uninsured Children: Are Medicaid and SCHIP Doing the Job?
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Tax Benefits for Health Insurance: Current Legislation
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Patient Protection and Managed Care: Legislation in the 106th Congress
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The Cost of Prescription Drugs for the Uninsured Elderly and Legislative Approaches
The purpose of this report is to explain why many of those who are least able to afford high drug costs are those who are most frequently charged the most. This report describes the basic economic theory underlying price differentiation and, in the context of the pharmaceutical market, analyzes the role and behavior of pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs), pharmaceutical manufacturers, and retail pharmacies, respectively. It also looks at a number of the criticisms that have been made of the practice of differential pricing. Finally, this report discusses various policy approaches aimed at assisting the elderly to purchase prescription drugs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1520/
Long-Term Care: What Direction for Public Policy?
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Tax Subsidies for Health Insurance for the Uninsured: An Economic Analysis of Selected Policy Issues for Congress
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Patient Protection and Mandatory External Review: Amending ERISA's Claims Procedure
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The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare
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Social Security and Medicare "Lock Boxes"
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The State Children's Health Insurance Program: Eligibility, Enrollment, and Program Funding
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Medicare's Skilled Nursing Facility Benefit
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Tax Benefits for Health Insurance: Current Legislation
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Medicare Provisions in the Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Benefits Improvement and Protection Act of 2000 (BIPA, P.L. 106-554)
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Health Information Standards, Privacy, and Security: HIPAA's Administrative Simplification Regulations
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Federal and State Causes of Action Against Health Plans Under S. 1052 and S. 889
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Military Health Care: The Issue of "Promised" Benefits
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Medicare Structure Reform: Background and Options
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ERISA Regulation of Health Plans: Fact Sheet
The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA, P.L. 93-406) places the regulation of employee benefit plans (including health plans) primarily under federal jurisdiction for about 124 million people. ERISA’s treatment of health plans is both complicated and confusing. ERISA has been interpreted as dividing health plans into two groups regulated differently under the law: about 54 million people are covered by self-insured plans for which the employer, rather than an insurer, assumes the risk for paying for covered services and about 70 million people are covered by purchased insurance (according to 2000 information from the Census Bureau and the Department of Labor). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1814/
Social Security and Medicare "Lock Boxes"
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Military Medical Care Services: Questions and Answers
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Summary of the Medicare Regulatory and Contracting Reform Act of 2001 (H.R. 3391)
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Bioterrorism: Summary of a CRS/National Health Policy Forum Seminar on Federal, State, and Local Public Health Preparedness
The September 11th attack and subsequent intentional release of anthrax spores via the U.S. postal system have focused policymakers’ attention on the preparedness and response capability of the nation’s public health system. The anthrax attacks put a tremendous strain on the U. S. public health infrastructure, an infrastructure that many experts argue has been weakened by years of neglect and under-funding. To better understand the preparedness gaps that exist, as well as the disparate functions and agencies that define public health in this country, the Congressional Research Service (CRS), in conjunction with George Washington University’s National Health Policy Forum (NHPF), convened a seminar on October 26, 2001, entitled, The U.S. Health Care System: Are State and Local Officials Prepared for Bioterrorism? How Should the Federal Government Assist? digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1592/
Health Insurance Continuation Coverage under COBRA
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