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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Medicaid Coverage of Long-Term Services and Supports

Medicaid Coverage of Long-Term Services and Supports

Date: December 5, 2013
Creator: Colello, Kirsten J.
Description: This report provides a description of the various statutory authorities that either require or otherwise allow states to cover LTSS under Medicaid. The Appendix provides a brief legislative history of Medicaid LTSS from Medicaid’s enactment and initial coverage requirements for institutional care through the evolution of HCBS options available to states.
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Long-Term Services and Supports: Overview and Financing

Long-Term Services and Supports: Overview and Financing

Date: April 4, 2013
Creator: Colello, Kirsten J.; Mulvey, Janemarie & Talaga, Scott R.
Description: This report provides an overview of Long-term services and supports (LTSS), including who needs LTSS, how need for LTSS is determined, and how much LTSS costs. The report also provides information on who the primary LTSS payers are, how much they spend, and what types of services are purchased.
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End-of-Life Care: Services, Costs, Ethics, and Quality of Care

End-of-Life Care: Services, Costs, Ethics, and Quality of Care

Date: February 23, 2009
Creator: Colello, Kirsten J.; Mulvey, Janemarie; Sarata, Amanda K.; Williams, Erin D. & Thomas, Kenneth R.
Description: This report provides information on various aspects of end-of-life care: (1) demographic and historical changes affecting death and dying in the United States (2) the definitions of end-of-life, palliative, and hospice care (3) costs associated with end-of-life care (4) end-of-life care laws and ethics (5) quality of care at the end of life and (6) policy issues that would modify or expand the federal government's role in addressing end-of-life care.
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The Title X Family Planning Program

The Title X Family Planning Program

Date: March 22, 2005
Creator: Coleman, Sharon K.
Description: This report discusses Title X of the Public Health Service Act. The program, enacted in 1970, is the only federal program devoted solely to family planning and related preventive health services. Although the authorization for Title X ended with FY1985, funding for the program has been provided through bills that provide appropriations for the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies.
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The Global Fund and PEPFAR in U.S. International AIDS Policy

The Global Fund and PEPFAR in U.S. International AIDS Policy

Date: November 3, 2005
Creator: Copson, Raymond W.
Description: The international HIV/AIDS pandemic continues to deepen. According to UNAIDS, the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS, an estimated 39.4 million people were living with HIV in 2004, including 4.9 million who were newly infected during the year. This report discusses the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), which includes bilateral programs and contributions to the multilateral Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria.
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Public Health Service Agencies: Overview and Funding

Public Health Service Agencies: Overview and Funding

Date: November 12, 2013
Creator: Corby-Edwards, Amalia K. & Redhead, C. S.
Description: Within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), eight agencies are designated components of the U.S. Public Health Service (PHS): (1) the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), (2) the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), (3) the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), (4) the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), (5) the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), (6) the Indian Health Service (IHS), (7) the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and (8) the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). This report gives a brief overview of each agency and summarizes its funding for FY2010 through FY2013, as well as its FY2014 budget request.
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Beverage Industry Pledges to Reduce Americans' Drink Calories

Beverage Industry Pledges to Reduce Americans' Drink Calories

Date: October 6, 2014
Creator: Dabrowska, Agata
Description: This report briefly covers recent initiatives by leading beverage companies to curb the obesity epidemic.
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Final Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Rules on Retiree Health Plans and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act

Final Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Rules on Retiree Health Plans and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act

Date: May 20, 2004
Creator: Dale, Charles V
Description: None
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Medicare Financial Status: In Brief

Medicare Financial Status: In Brief

Date: August 10, 2015
Creator: Davis, Patricia A.
Description: This report provides an overview on Medicare, discussing its various components and sources of funding. The report also examines projections for spending within the program.
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Medicare Financial Status: In Brief

Medicare Financial Status: In Brief

Date: June 30, 2016
Creator: Davis, Patricia A.
Description: This report provides an overview on Medicare, discussing its various components and sources of funding. It also examines projections for spending within the program.
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Medicare Financing

Medicare Financing

Date: September 19, 2013
Creator: Davis, Patricia A.
Description: This report provides an overview of how the Medicare program is financed, including a description of the Medicare trust funds and a summary of key findings and estimates from the 2013 Report of the Medicare Board of Trustees regarding 2012 program operations and future financial soundness.
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Medicare: Insolvency Projections

Medicare: Insolvency Projections

Date: September 19, 2014
Creator: Davis, Patricia A.
Description: This report focuses on the two separate trust funds that fund Medicare, the Hospital Insurance (HI) trust fund and Supplementary Medical Insurance (SMI) trust fund. Almost from its inception, the HI trust fund has faced a projected shortfall and eventual insolvency. Because of the way it is financed, the SMI trust fund cannot become insolvent; however, the Medicare Trustees continue to express concerns about the rapid growth in SMI costs.
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Medicare Program Changes in H.R. 3962, Affordable Health Care for America Act

Medicare Program Changes in H.R. 3962, Affordable Health Care for America Act

Date: November 9, 2009
Creator: Davis, Patricia A.
Description: This report describes changes to the Medicare program made in H.R. 3962, the Affordable Health Care for America Act, as passed by the House on November 7, 2009. H.R. 3962 contains numerous provisions affecting Medicare payments, payment rules, and covered benefits, and treats the Medicare program as both a funding source for health reform and a tool to shape future changes in the way that health services are delivered.
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Potential Impact of No Social Security COLA on Medicare Part B Premiums in 2016

Potential Impact of No Social Security COLA on Medicare Part B Premiums in 2016

Date: October 20, 2015
Creator: Davis, Patricia A.
Description: This report provides an overview of Medicare Part B premiums, the relationship between the Social Security cost-of-living increase (COLA) and Part B premiums, and the potential impact of a projected 0% Social Security COLA in 2016 on Medicare premiums, based on recent projections by the Medicare Trustees.
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Medicare Primer

Medicare Primer

Date: April 24, 2012
Creator: Davis, Patricia A.; Binder, Cliff; Hahn, Jim; Morgan, Paulette C.; Mulvey, Janemarie; Talaga, Scott R. et al.
Description: This report provides an overview of Medicare, the nation's federal insurance program, which pays for covered health care services of qualified beneficiaries.
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Medicare Provisions in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA)

Medicare Provisions in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA)

Date: May 27, 2010
Creator: Davis, Patricia A.; Hahn, Jim; Morgan, Paulette C.; Stone, Julie & Tilson, Sibyl
Description: This report, one of a series of CRS products on PPACA and the Reconciliation Act, examines the Medicare related provisions in these Acts. Estimates from CBO on PPACA and the Reconciliation Act indicate that net reductions in Medicare direct spending will reach approximately $390 billion from FY2010 to FY2019.
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Overview of Health Care Changes in the FY2015 House Budget

Overview of Health Care Changes in the FY2015 House Budget

Date: April 16, 2014
Creator: Davis, Patricia A.; Mitchell, Alison & Fernandez, Bernadette
Description: This report summarizes the proposed changes to Medicare, Medicaid, and private health insurance as described in H.Con.Res. 96 and accompanying documents, including the committee report and Chairman Ryan's Path to Prosperity report.
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Medicare Primer

Medicare Primer

Date: March 31, 2016
Creator: Davis, Patricia A.; Talaga, Scott R.; Binder, Cliff; Hahn, Jim; Kirchhoff, Suzanne M. & Morgan, Paulette C.
Description: This report provides a general overview of the Medicare program including descriptions of the program's history, eligibility criteria, covered services, provider payment systems, and program administration and financing.
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Medicare Primer

Medicare Primer

Date: September 10, 2014
Creator: Davis, Patricia A.; Talaga, Scott R.; Binder, Cliff; Hahn, Jim; Morgan, Paulette C.; Mulvey, Janemarie et al.
Description: This report provides an overview of Medicare, the nation's federal insurance program, which pays for covered health care services of qualified beneficiaries.
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Medical Marijuana: Review and Analysis of Federal and State Policies

Medical Marijuana: Review and Analysis of Federal and State Policies

Date: March 31, 2009
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Description: This report discusses the issue before Congress of whether to continue the federal prosecution of medical marijuana patients and their providers, in accordance with the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA), or whether to relax federal marijuana prohibition enough to permit the medicinal use of botanical cannabis products when recommended by a physician, especially where permitted under state law.
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Medical Marijuana: Review and Analysis of Federal and State Policies

Medical Marijuana: Review and Analysis of Federal and State Policies

Date: December 29, 2005
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Description: This report discusses the issue facing Congress on whether to continue to support the executive branch’s prosecution of medical marijuana patients and their providers, in accordance with marijuana’s status as a Schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act, or whether to relax federal marijuana prohibition enough to permit the medical use of botanical cannabis products by seriously ill persons, especially in states that have created medical marijuana programs under state law.
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Summary Cost Data for Health Plans Available in Maine's Exchange, 2014: Fact Sheet

Summary Cost Data for Health Plans Available in Maine's Exchange, 2014: Fact Sheet

Date: May 1, 2014
Creator: Elan, Nicholas; Fernandez, Bernadette & Mach, Annie L.
Description: This report discusses the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, P.L. 111-148, as amended) that contains a number of provisions that may affect the individual health insurance market.
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Zika Response Funding: Request and Congressional Action

Zika Response Funding: Request and Congressional Action

Date: May 20, 2016
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Lister, Sarah A.
Description: This report presents the Administration's request for supplemental appropriations for the Zika response. It includes sections outlining Congressional actions, the emergency supplemental appropriations request for Zika response efforts -- by both U.S. health and human services agencies and international assistance programs -- and information about unobligated Ebola response funds.
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Self-Insured Health Insurance Coverage

Self-Insured Health Insurance Coverage

Date: June 25, 2010
Creator: Fernandez, Bernadette
Description: This report provides background information on private health insurance coverage, state and federal regulation of private coverage, and self-insured health plans. It includes data on the prevalence of self-insurance and discusses the employer decision to self-insure. Lastly, it describes selected private health insurance provisions under federal health reform, and application of such provisions on self-insured plans.
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