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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Health and Safety Concerns Over U.S. Imports of Chinese Products: An Overview

Health and Safety Concerns Over U.S. Imports of Chinese Products: An Overview

Date: November 13, 2008
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: China is a major source of U.S. imports of consumer products (such as toys) and an increasingly important supplier of various food products. Reports of unsafe seafood, pet food, toys, tires, and other products imported from China over the past year or so have raised concern in the United States over the health, safety, and quality of imported Chinese products. This report provides an overview of this issue and implications for U.S.-China trade relations.
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Factors Affecting the Demand for Long-Term Care Insurance: Issues for Congress

Factors Affecting the Demand for Long-Term Care Insurance: Issues for Congress

Date: May 27, 2009
Creator: Mulvey, Janemarie
Description: This report will discuss the role of long-term care insurance (LTCI) in financing long term care (LTC) costs and current trends in the LTCI industry; factors affecting the demand for LTCI, including cost and complexity of the product and adequacy of consumer protections; and key features of legislative proposals in the 111th Congress to address these issues.
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Health Care Flexible Spending Accounts

Health Care Flexible Spending Accounts

Date: June 13, 2012
Creator: Mulvey, Janemarie
Description: Health care Flexible Spending Accounts (FSAs) are benefit plans established by employers to reimburse employees for health care expenses such as deductibles and copayments. The contributions to and withdrawals from FSAs are tax-exempt. On June 7, 2012, the House passed H.R. 436, the Health Care Cost Reduction Act of 2012, which would allow up to $500 of unused balances in health FSAs to be distributed back to the account holder after the plan year ends and to allow over-the-counter prescriptions to be a qualified medical expense. The bill has been sent to the Senate for its consideration. Similar bills in the Senate have been referred to the Senate Finance Committee (S. 1368 and S. 1404). This report discusses these bills in greater detail.
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Health Care Flexible Spending Accounts

Health Care Flexible Spending Accounts

Date: June 5, 2012
Creator: Mulvey, Janemarie
Description: Health care Flexible Spending Accounts (FSAs) are benefit plans established by employers to reimburse employees for health care expenses such as deductibles and copayments. FSAs are usually funded by employees through salary reduction agreements, although employers are permitted to contribute as well. The contributions to and withdrawals from FSAs are tax-exempt. This report discusses two recent bills, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) and the Health Care Cost Reduction Act of 2012, both of which limits contributions to FSAs and redefines over the counter (OTC) drugs,
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Health Savings Accounts: Overview of Rules for 2012

Health Savings Accounts: Overview of Rules for 2012

Date: December 20, 2011
Creator: Mulvey, Janemarie
Description: This report provides a summary of the principal rules governing Health Savings Accounts (HSAs), covering such matters as eligibility, qualifying health insurance, contributions, and withdrawals.
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Community Living Assistance Services and Supports (CLASS) Provisions in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA)

Community Living Assistance Services and Supports (CLASS) Provisions in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA)

Date: January 5, 2011
Creator: Mulvey, Janemarie & Colello, Kirsten J.
Description: This report first discusses the cost and financing for long-term care (LTC) services as well as the current market for private LTC insurance. It then details those CLASS program requirements for enrollment, premiums, eligibility, benefits, administration, and oversight. The report also discusses federal budget implications, as estimated by the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). Finally, the report provides a timeline of the CLASS program provisions enacted under PPACA.
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Health Insurance Premium Assistance for the Unemployed: The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Health Insurance Premium Assistance for the Unemployed: The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Date: March 6, 2009
Creator: Mulvey, Janemarie; Chaikind, Hinda & Fernandez, Bernadette
Description: This report discusses employer-sponsored health insurance coverage and barriers to accessing health insurance for the unemployed; provisions of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) with respect to unemployment and health insurance; and potential impact of ARRA provisions on the unemployed.
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Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA): Resources for Frequently Asked Questions

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA): Resources for Frequently Asked Questions

Date: March 7, 2014
Creator: Napili, Angela
Description: The report provides basic consumer sources, including broad overviews of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) law, and resources related to specific provisions. It also has links to contacts for specific questions (including websites, hotlines, and online chat assistance).
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Title X (Public Health Service Act) Family Planning Program

Title X (Public Health Service Act) Family Planning Program

Date: August 28, 2012
Creator: Napili, Angela
Description: This report looks at several bills addressing the Family Planning Program (Title X of the Public Health Service Act) which have been introduced in the 112th Congress, including: funding for abortion-providing entities, elimination of the program, and prohibitions on government spending for the program.
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Title X (Public Health Service Act) Family Planning Program

Title X (Public Health Service Act) Family Planning Program

Date: August 4, 2008
Creator: Napili, Angela
Description: This report looks at several bills addressing the Family Planning Program (Title X of the Public Health Service Act) which have been introduced in the 112th Congress, including: funding for abortion-providing entities, elimination of the program, and prohibitions on government spending for the program.
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The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

Date: March 29, 2004
Creator: Nuschler, Dawn
Description: None
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Social Security and Medicare Taxes and Premiums: Fact Sheet

Social Security and Medicare Taxes and Premiums: Fact Sheet

Date: January 13, 2004
Creator: Nuschler, Dawn
Description: Financing for social security -- Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance -- and the Hospital Insurance part of Medicare is provided primarily by taxes levied on wages and net self-employment income. Financing for the Supplementary Medical Insurance portion of Medicare is provided by premiums from enrollees and payments from the government. This report describes these taxes and premiums.
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Long-Term Care Chart Book: Persons Served, Payors and Spending

Long-Term Care Chart Book: Persons Served, Payors and Spending

Date: May 14, 2003
Creator: O'Shaughnessy, Carol
Description: None
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Older Americans Act Nutrition Program

Older Americans Act Nutrition Program

Date: April 29, 2004
Creator: O'Shaughnessy, Carol
Description: None
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Long-Term Care: The President's FY2001 Budget Proposals and Related Legislation

Long-Term Care: The President's FY2001 Budget Proposals and Related Legislation

Date: August 21, 2000
Creator: O'Shaughnessy, Carol; Lyke, Bob & Merck, Carolyn L
Description: None
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Long-Term Care: What Direction for Public Policy?

Long-Term Care: What Direction for Public Policy?

Date: December 18, 2002
Creator: O'Shaughnessy, Carol; Lyke, Bob & Storey, James R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Long-Term Care: What Direction for Public Policy?

Long-Term Care: What Direction for Public Policy?

Date: January 16, 2001
Creator: O'Shaughnessy, Carol; Lyke, Bob & Storey, James R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Catastrophic Health Insurance: Comparison of the Major Provisions of the "Medicare Catastrophic Protection Act of 1987" (H.R. 2470, as passed by the House July 22, 1987) and the "Medicare Catastrophic Loss Prevention Act of 1987" (S. 1127, as passed by the Senate Finance Committee, July 27, 1987)

Catastrophic Health Insurance: Comparison of the Major Provisions of the "Medicare Catastrophic Protection Act of 1987" (H.R. 2470, as passed by the House July 22, 1987) and the "Medicare Catastrophic Loss Prevention Act of 1987" (S. 1127, as passed by the Senate Finance Committee, July 27, 1987)

Date: August 5, 1987
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: Catastrophic Health Insurance: Comparison of the Major Provisions of the “Medicare Catastrophic Protection Act of 1987” (H.R. 2470, as passed by t h e House July 22, 1987) and the "MEDICARE CATASTROPHIC LOSS PREVENTION ACT OF 1987" (S. 1127, as reported by the S e n a t e Finance Committee, July 27, 1987)
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Catastrophic Health Insurance: Medicare

Catastrophic Health Insurance: Medicare

Date: September 1, 1987
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: Catastrophic medical costs are broadly defined as large unpredictable health care expenses; these are usually associated with a major illness or serious injury. The absence of catastrophic health insurance protection for the elderly is the subject of concern in this report.
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Medicare Endorsed Prescription Drug Discount Card Program

Medicare Endorsed Prescription Drug Discount Card Program

Date: August 19, 2004
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare: Enrollment in Medicare Drug Plans

Medicare: Enrollment in Medicare Drug Plans

Date: October 20, 2006
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: This report discusses the enrollment process for private prescription drug plans (PDPs) or Medicare Advantage prescription drug (MA-PD) plans. At a minimum, these plans offer "standard coverage" or alternative coverage with actuarially equivalent benefits. Beneficiaries are required to enroll in one of these private plans in order to obtain coverage.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare: Financing the Part A Hospital Insurance Program

Medicare: Financing the Part A Hospital Insurance Program

Date: April 11, 2005
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: None
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Medicare: Financing the Part A Hospital Insurance Program

Medicare: Financing the Part A Hospital Insurance Program

Date: May 5, 1998
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: This report discusses Medicare, which consists of two distinct parts — Part A (Hospital Insurance (HI)) and Part B (Supplementary Medical Insurance (SMI)). Part A is financed primarily through payroll taxes levied on current workers and their employers. Income from these taxes is credited to the HI trust fund. Part B is financed through a combination of monthly premiums paid by current enrollees and general revenues. Income from these sources is credited to the SMI trust fund.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare: Major Prescription Drug Provisions of Selected Bills

Medicare: Major Prescription Drug Provisions of Selected Bills

Date: July 10, 2002
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department