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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Increases in Tricare Costs: Background and Options for Congress
In its FY2007 budget submission, the Department of Defense (DOD) proposed increases in Tricare enrollment fees, deductibles, and pharmacy co-payments for retired beneficiaries not yet eligible for Medicare. The raises were justified by DOD as necessary to constrain the growth of health care spending as a proportion of the overall defense budget in the next decade. Many beneficiaries argued that the proposed hikes were unfair and unnecessary. The FY2007 Defense Authorization Act prohibited increases in premiums, deductibles, and co-payments prior to September 30, 2007. The FY2008 National Defense Authoriztion Act extended the prohibition of increases in co-payments and enrollment fees until October 2008 and Congress may move to extend them further. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10666/
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Other Mental Health Problems in the Military: Oversight Issues for Congress
This report discusses the prevalence of different psychological health concerns within the Armed Forces, current mental health screening and treatments, and DOD responses. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227900/
Cash and Non-Cash Benefits for Persons with Limited Income: Eligibility Rules, Recipient and Expenditure Data, FY1981-83
This report summarizes basic eligibility rules, as of May 1984, for more than 70 cash and non-cash programs that benefit primarily persons of limited income. It also gives funding formulas, benefit levels, and, for fiscal years 1981-1983, recipient numbers and expenditure data for each program. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9041/
Military Health Care: The Issue of "Promised" Benefits
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Military Health Care: The Issue of "Promised" Benefits
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Military Health Care: The Issue of "Promised" Benefits
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Military Health Care: The Issue of "Promised" Benefits
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2040/
Federal Employees Health Benefits Program: Available Health Insurance Options
Report that discusses the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHBP), which provides health insurance coverage to about 8 million government workers. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc228131/
ERISA Regulation of Health Plans: Fact Sheet
The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA, P.L. 93-406) places the regulation of employee benefit plans (including health plans) primarily under federal jurisdiction for about 124 million people. ERISA’s treatment of health plans is both complicated and confusing. ERISA has been interpreted as dividing health plans into two groups regulated differently under the law: about 54 million people are covered by self-insured plans for which the employer, rather than an insurer, assumes the risk for paying for covered services and about 70 million people are covered by purchased insurance (according to 2000 information from the Census Bureau and the Department of Labor). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5014/
ERISA Regulation of Health Plans: Fact Sheet
The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA, P.L. 93-406) places the regulation of employee benefit plans (including health plans) primarily under federal jurisdiction for about 124 million people. ERISA’s treatment of health plans is both complicated and confusing. ERISA has been interpreted as dividing health plans into two groups regulated differently under the law: about 54 million people are covered by self-insured plans for which the employer, rather than an insurer, assumes the risk for paying for covered services and about 70 million people are covered by purchased insurance (according to 2000 information from the Census Bureau and the Department of Labor). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1814/
Trends in Medicare Spending: Fact Sheet
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Health Insurance Coverage for Retirees
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Medicare+Choice Payments
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Medicare+Choice Payments
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Medicare Provisions in the Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Benefits Improvement and Protection Act of 2000 (BIPA, P.L. 106-554)
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International Efforts to Control the Spread of Avian Influenza (H5N1) Virus: Affected Countries' Responses
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Family Planning: Title X of the Public Health Service Act
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Pandemic Flu and Medical Biodefense Countermeasure Liability Legislation: P.L. 109-148, Division C (2005)
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Pandemic Flu Liability Limitation Legislation
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The Global Fund and PEPFAR in U.S. International AIDS Policy
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Final Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Rules on Retiree Health Plans and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act
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Medicare Financing
This report provides an overview of how the Medicare program is financed, including a description of the Medicare trust funds and a summary of key findings and estimates from the 2013 Report of the Medicare Board of Trustees regarding 2012 program operations and future financial soundness. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227685/
Overview of Health Care Changes in the FY2015 House Budget
This report summarizes the proposed changes to Medicare, Medicaid, and private health insurance as described in H.Con.Res. 96 and accompanying documents, including the committee report and Chairman Ryan's Path to Prosperity report. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc287964/
Medical Marijuana: Review and Analysis of Federal and State Policies
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Summary Cost Data for Health Plans Available in Maine's Exchange, 2014: Fact Sheet
This report discusses the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA, P.L. 111-148, as amended) that contains a number of provisions that may affect the individual health insurance market. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306457/
Health Insurance: A Primer
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Cancellation of Nongroup Health Insurance Policies
This report provides background information about health insurance cancellations, non-renewals and rescissions, including applicable federal rules under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) and ACA. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc267868/
Health Insurance Exchanges Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA)
This report outlines the required minimum functions of state health insurance exchanges and explains how exchanges are expected to be established and administered under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). The coverage offered through exchanges is discussed, and the report concludes with a discussion of how exchanges will interact with selected other ACA provisions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc122235/
Private Health Plans Under the ACA: In Brief
This report provides short descriptions of health plans that may be offered inside and outside of exchanges, and includes information about interaction with other selected ACA provisions. The descriptions are displayed in a side-by-side format to facilitate comparison of exchange and nonexchange plans. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227936/
Medicaid: 105th Congress
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Managed Health Care: Federal and State Regulation
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Mandated Employer Provided Health Insurance
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Private Health Insurance Continuation Coverage
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The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996: Guidance on Frequently Asked Questions
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs709/
Parental Leave: Legislation in the 100th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9195/
Budget Reconciliation FY2006: Provisions Affecting the Medicaid Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP)
The federal medical assistance percentage (FMAP) is the rate at which states are reimbursed for most Medicaid service expenditures. The FY2006 budget reconciliation bills passed by the House (H.R. 4241) and Senate (S. 1932) include provisions that would affect state FMAPs for Medicaid in a number of ways. This report describes these provisions and estimates their impact on FY2006 FMAPs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7978/
State Medicaid Program Administration: A Brief Overview
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Transitional Medical Assistance (TMA) Under Medicaid
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Implications of the Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit for State Budgets
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7380/
Medicaid and SCHIP: FY2007 Budget Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8941/
Medicaid and SCHIP: The President's FY2006 Budget Proposals
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7591/
Federal Employees Health Benefits Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs452/
Cigarette Taxes to Fund Health Care Reform: An Economic Analysis
A cigarette excise tax increase of 75 cents per pack has been proposed to finance part of the President's universal health care program. The tax enjoys considerable public support, would raise about $11 billion per year, and would be relatively simple to administer because it would increase an existing manufacturer's excise tax. This report discusses these rationales, as well as other effects of and concerns about the tax, organized into topics of market failure as a justification for the tax (i.e., economic efficiency); potential for revenue; equity; and the job loss the tax might cause in tobacco growing regions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26039/
Tax Subsidies for Expanding Health Insurance Coverage: Selected Policy Issues for the 108th Congress
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Tax Subsidies for Expanding Health Insurance Coverage: Selected Policy Issues for the 108th Congress
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Tax Subsidies for Health Insurance for the Uninsured: An Economic Analysis of Selected Policy Issues for Congress
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The Independent Payment Advisory Board
In response, in part, to overall growth in Medicare program expenditures and growth in expenditures per Medicare beneficiary, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act created the Independent Payment Advisory Board (IPAB, or the Board) and charged the Board with developing proposals to "reduce the per capita rate of growth in Medicare spending." This report discusses the responsibilities and duties. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc86569/
The Pros and Cons of Allowing the Federal Government to Negotiate Prescription Drug Prices
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7743/
Standardized Choices: Medigap Lessons for Medicare Part D
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An Overview of the U.S. Public Health System in the Context of Bioterrorism
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4286/