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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Health Insurance Coverage for Retirees

Health Insurance Coverage for Retirees

Date: June 9, 2005
Creator: Ripps Chaikind, Hinda & Larkins, Fran
Description: This report provides an introduction to demographics of the retiree population. The report discusses health insurance coverage for retirees and reasons for eroding coverage and issues, as well as legislative proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid Issues for the 109th Congress

Medicaid Issues for the 109th Congress

Date: October 20, 2005
Creator: Hearne, Jean P
Description: This report provides background information for medicaid reforms and discuses proposals for reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A CRS Review of 10 States: Home and Community-Based Services — States Seek to Change the Face of Long-Term Care: Indiana

A CRS Review of 10 States: Home and Community-Based Services — States Seek to Change the Face of Long-Term Care: Indiana

Date: December 15, 2003
Creator: Tilly, Jane; O'Shaughnessy, Carol & Weissert, Rob
Description: Many states have devoted significant efforts to respond to the desire for home and community-based care for persons with disabilities and their families. Nevertheless, financing of nursing home care, chiefly by Medicaid, still dominates most states’ spending for long-term care today. To assist Congress in understanding issues that states face in providing long-term care services, the Congressional Research Service (CRS) undertook a study of 10 states in 2002. This report, one in a series of 10 state reports, presents background and analysis about long-term care in Indiana.
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The Global Fund and PEPFAR in U.S. International AIDS Policy

The Global Fund and PEPFAR in U.S. International AIDS Policy

Date: November 3, 2005
Creator: Copson, Raymond W.
Description: The international HIV/AIDS pandemic continues to deepen. According to UNAIDS, the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS, an estimated 39.4 million people were living with HIV in 2004, including 4.9 million who were newly infected during the year. This report discusses the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), which includes bilateral programs and contributions to the multilateral Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria.
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Influenza Antiviral Drugs and Patent Law Issues

Influenza Antiviral Drugs and Patent Law Issues

Date: November 18, 2005
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report identifies and analyzes the patent law aspects of the current avian influenza drug situation. First, the report explains the role that patent rights have played in affecting the availability of Tamiflu. Second, the report examines options for increasing the drug’s production, including the possibility of governments abrogating Roche’s patent rights by issuing compulsory licenses to other drug companies to manufacture generic versions of Tamiflu without Roche’s consent.
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Medicaid: A Primer

Medicaid: A Primer

Date: December 19, 2005
Creator: Herz, Elicia J
Description: This report describes the basic elements of Medicaid, focusing on federal rules governing who is eligible, what services are covered, how the program is financed and how beneficiaries share in the cost, how providers are paid, and the role of special waivers in expanding eligibility and modifying benefits.
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Medicaid: Recent Trends in Beneficiaries and Spending

Medicaid: Recent Trends in Beneficiaries and Spending

Date: March 27, 1992
Creator: King, Kathleen; Rimkunas, Richard & Nuschler, Dawn
Description: This report discusses medicaid and recent trend is beneficiaries and spending.
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Health Insurance: Federal Data Sources for Analyses of the Uninsured

Health Insurance: Federal Data Sources for Analyses of the Uninsured

Date: February 7, 2002
Creator: Peterson, Chris L. & Devere, Christine
Description: Given the various reasons individuals lack health insurance coverage, analysis of the effectiveness of a proposal to reduce the number of uninsured (such as those discussed above) requires examining characteristics of individuals with and without health insurance coverage. Numerous sources of data have emerged over time that support estimates of the uninsured. However, each data source differs in how it collects information from individuals, as well as the amount of information it collects related to health insurance status. This report outlines the major advantages and limitations of four federally administered surveys — in providing estimates of the uninsured population.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medical Marijuana: Review and Analysis of Federal and State Policies

Medical Marijuana: Review and Analysis of Federal and State Policies

Date: December 29, 2005
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Description: This report discusses the issue facing Congress on whether to continue to support the executive branch’s prosecution of medical marijuana patients and their providers, in accordance with marijuana’s status as a Schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act, or whether to relax federal marijuana prohibition enough to permit the medical use of botanical cannabis products by seriously ill persons, especially in states that have created medical marijuana programs under state law.
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Health Insurance: The Pro-Competition Proposals

Health Insurance: The Pro-Competition Proposals

Date: December 6, 1982
Creator: Lundy, Janet P. & Markus, Glenn
Description: For more than a decade, Congress and the Executive Branch have tried to stem spiraling health care costs through various regulatory actions at the Federal and State levels. Planning laws, for example, focus regulatory attention on the capacity of the health care industry to provide health services. Other laws have created programs to monitor and control the use of services provided to individual patients. Direct wage and price controls were applied to the health industry in the early 1970's and in recent years Congress has debated whether to impose controls over hospital spending in the United States. This report discusses the debate surrounding various approaches to lower health care costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Health Maintenance Organizations

Health Maintenance Organizations

Date: January 22, 1982
Creator: Price, Richard J
Description: This report discusses the "health maintenance organization", which is an entity that provides specific health services to its members for a prepaid, fixed payment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare/Medicaid Reimbursement: Selected References

Medicare/Medicaid Reimbursement: Selected References

Date: August 1, 1984
Creator: Shirley-Reynolds, Saundra
Description: This report is a compilation of selected articles, books, and executive agency and congressional publications on Medicare and Medicaid reimbursement, primarily to health facilities and physicians.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid and SCHIP: FY2007 Budget Issues

Medicaid and SCHIP: FY2007 Budget Issues

Date: February 13, 2006
Creator: Grady, April; Hearne, Jean P; Herz, Elicia J & Tritz, Karen
Description: This report provides information on Medicaid and State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare: Physician Payments

Medicare: Physician Payments

Date: June 24, 1987
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: This report discusses payments for physicians services under Medicare that are made on the basis of a fee schedule.
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Health Savings Accounts: Some Current Policy Issues

Health Savings Accounts: Some Current Policy Issues

Date: May 5, 2006
Creator: Lyke, Bob
Description: This report discusses the Health Savings Accounts (HSAs), which are one way that people can pay for their unreimbursed medical expenses (deductibles, copayments, and services not covered by insurance) on a tax-advantaged basis
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Family Planning: Title X of the Public Health Service Act

Family Planning: Title X of the Public Health Service Act

Date: March 24, 1988
Creator: Cislowski, Joseph A
Description: This report discusses Title X of the Public Health Service Act provides support for family planning clinics, research related to family planning and population, training of family planning personnel, and development and dissemination of family planning information.
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Handicapped Infants: The Final Section 504 Regulation and Legislative Proposals

Handicapped Infants: The Final Section 504 Regulation and Legislative Proposals

Date: February 8, 1984
Creator: Smith, Mary F.
Description: This report discusses the final rule regarding handicapped infants published in the Federal register by HHS on January 12, 1984. Legislative action in response to the Infant Doe issue is also discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit: An Overview of Implementation for Dual Eligibles

Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit: An Overview of Implementation for Dual Eligibles

Date: February 6, 2006
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer & Tritz, Karen
Description: This report provides background information on the early stages of the implementation of the Medicare Part D outpatient prescription drug program. This report describes certain policies and implementation issues related to those who are not dually eligible.
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Side-by-Side Comparison of Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Provisions in the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005

Side-by-Side Comparison of Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Provisions in the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005

Date: January 30, 2006
Creator: Tritz, Karen; Tilson, Sybil; Stone, Julie; Peterson, Chris L.; O'Sullivan, Jennifer; Morgan, Paulette C. et al.
Description: From the summary: "This report provides a comparison of Medicare, Medicaid and State Child Health Insurance Program provisions contained in the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (S. 1932) as amended and passed by the Senate. The report compares the bill's provisions with current law."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal and State Quarantine and Isolation Authority

Federal and State Quarantine and Isolation Authority

Date: August 16, 2006
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S. & Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report provides an overview of federal and state public health laws as they relate to the quarantine and isolation of individuals, a discussion of constitutional issues that may be raised should individual liberties be restricted in a quarantine situation, and federalism questions that may arise where federal and state authorities overlap. In addition, the possible role of the armed forces in enforcing public health measures is discussed, specifically whether the Posse Comitatus Act would constrain any military role, and other statutory authorities that may be used for the military enforcement of health measures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Implications of the Contagious Disease or Infections Amendment to the Civil Rights Restoration Act, S.557

Legal Implications of the Contagious Disease or Infections Amendment to the Civil Rights Restoration Act, S.557

Date: March 14, 1988
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report discusses the civil rights restoration act, S. 557, as it passed the House and Senate. This provision would most likely be interpreted as codifying the existing standards relating to section 504 interpretation concerning discrimination against individuals with handicaps.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America: An Overview and Selected Issues

Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America: An Overview and Selected Issues

Date: May 27, 2009
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles & Lake, Jennifer E.
Description: The Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America (SPP) is a trilateral initiative that was launched in March 2005 for the purpose of increasing and enhancing security and prosperity in the United States, Canada, and Mexico. This initiative promoted communication and cooperation across several key policy areas of mutual interest, such as improving certain sectors of the economy, developing higher health and safety standards, and addressing environmental concerns. This report describes this initiative in brief detail, including summaries of several SPP-related meetings between the three countries' leaders.
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Brief Facts and Statistics

Brief Facts and Statistics

Date: January 26, 2006
Creator: Sidor, Gary
Description: This report provides facts and statistics about Social Security that are frequently requested by Members of Congress and their staffs. It includes information about Social Security taxes and benefits, the program's impact on its recipients' incomes, federal tax receipts, federal spending and the economy, administrative information, and selected facts about Medicare.
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Food Safety in the 111th Congress: H.R. 2749 and S. 510

Food Safety in the 111th Congress: H.R. 2749 and S. 510

Date: October 15, 2010
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses whether the current food safety system has the resources, authority, and structural organization to safeguard the health of American consumers, who spend more than $1 trillion on food each year. Also at issue is whether federal food safety laws, first enacted in the early 1900s, have kept pace with the significant changes that have occurred in the food production, processing, and marketing sectors since then.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department