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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Self-Insured Health Insurance Coverage

Self-Insured Health Insurance Coverage

Date: June 25, 2010
Creator: Fernandez, Bernadette
Description: This report provides background information on private health insurance coverage, state and federal regulation of private coverage, and self-insured health plans. It includes data on the prevalence of self-insurance and discusses the employer decision to self-insure. Lastly, it describes selected private health insurance provisions under federal health reform, and application of such provisions on self-insured plans.
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Self-Insured Health Insurance Coverage

Self-Insured Health Insurance Coverage

Date: May 12, 2010
Creator: Fernandez, Bernadette
Description: This report provides background information on private health insurance coverage, state and federal regulation of private coverage, and self-insured health plans. It includes data on the prevalence of self-insurance and discusses the employer decision to self-insure. Lastly, it describes selected private health insurance provisions under federal health reform, and application of such provisions on self-insured plans.
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Health Savings Accounts: Overview of Rules for 2012

Health Savings Accounts: Overview of Rules for 2012

Date: December 20, 2011
Creator: Mulvey, Janemarie
Description: This report provides a summary of the principal rules governing Health Savings Accounts (HSAs), covering such matters as eligibility, qualifying health insurance, contributions, and withdrawals.
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Medicare Primer

Medicare Primer

Date: September 10, 2014
Creator: Davis, Patricia A.; Talaga, Scott R.; Binder, Cliff; Hahn, Jim; Morgan, Paulette C.; Mulvey, Janemarie et al.
Description: This report provides an overview of Medicare, the nation's federal insurance program, which pays for covered health care services of qualified beneficiaries.
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Medicare Physician Payment Updates and the Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR) System

Medicare Physician Payment Updates and the Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR) System

Date: August 2, 2012
Creator: Hahn, Jim & Mulvey, Janemarie
Description: This report discusses the Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR), which is the statutory method for determining the annual updates to the Medicare physician fee schedule. The SGR system was established because of the concern that the Medicare fee schedule itself would not adequately constrain overall increases in spending for physicians’ services.
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Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services: President’s FY2013 Budget

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services: President’s FY2013 Budget

Date: April 9, 2012
Creator: Mitchell, Alison & Paulette, Morgan C.
Description: This report summarizes the President's budget estimates for each section of the CMS budget. Then, for each legislative proposal included in the President's budget, this report provides a description of current law and the President's proposal. The explanations of the President's legislative proposals are grouped by the following program areas: Medicare, Medicaid, program integrity, and health insurance programs.
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The Affordable Care Act and Small Business: Economic Issues

The Affordable Care Act and Small Business: Economic Issues

Date: February 25, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean & Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report explains how employer-sponsored insurance can be used to address concerns about health insurance coverage and cost. Then, it summarizes the three ACA provisions most relevant to small businesses. Also, it analyzes these provisions for their potential effects on small businesses. Last, this report presents several approaches that could address some concerns associated with these provisions (particularly the employer penalty).
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Treating Ebola Patients in the United States: Health Care Delivery Implications

Treating Ebola Patients in the United States: Health Care Delivery Implications

Date: November 4, 2014
Creator: Sarata, Amanda K.
Description: This report discusses the recent response to Ebola patients in the United States. While the U.S. health care system has the resources to effectively identify and treat Ebola cases, a situation that is novel, emergent, and resource-intensive may test the system's ability to effectively mobilize those resources.
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Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis (XDR-TB): Emerging Public Health Threats and Quarantine and Isolation

Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis (XDR-TB): Emerging Public Health Threats and Quarantine and Isolation

Date: November 26, 2010
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S. & Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report the international saga of Andrew Speaker, a traveler thought to have XDR-TB, a drug-resistant form of tuberculosis, placed a spotlight on existing mechanisms to contain contagious disease threats and raised numerous legal and public health issues. It also discusses the application of various public health measures available to contain an emerging public health threat posed by an individual who ignores medical advice and attempts to board an airplane or take other forms of public transportation.
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Congress Faces Calls to Address Expiring ACA Appropriations

Congress Faces Calls to Address Expiring ACA Appropriations

Date: November 25, 2014
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen & Heisler, Elayne J.
Description: This report discusses the Affordable Care Act (ACA), enacted in March 2010, which appropriated billions of dollars of mandatory funds to support grant programs and other activities authorized by the law.
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Beverage Industry Pledges to Reduce Americans' Drink Calories

Beverage Industry Pledges to Reduce Americans' Drink Calories

Date: October 6, 2014
Creator: Dabrowska, Agata
Description: This report briefly covers recent initiatives by leading beverage companies to curb the obesity epidemic.
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Ebola: Selected Legal Issues

Ebola: Selected Legal Issues

Date: December 16, 2014
Creator: Cole, Jared P.; Perry, Rodney M.; Dolan, Alissa M.; Shimabukuro, Jon O.; Garcia, Michael J.; Smith, Jane M. et al.
Description: Several West African countries are currently grappling with an unprecedented outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD). Here in the United States, where Ebola is not endemic, a handful of EVD cases have been diagnosed, and domestic transmission of the virus has occurred in only two cases to date. This report provides a brief overview of selected legal issues regarding measures to prevent transmission of Ebola virus and the civil rights of individuals affected by the disease.
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The Affordable Care Act and Small Business: Economic Issues

The Affordable Care Act and Small Business: Economic Issues

Date: January 15, 2015
Creator: Lowry, Sean & Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report explains how employer-sponsored insurance can be used to address concerns about health insurance coverage and cost. Then, it summarizes the three Affordable Care Act (ACA) provisions most relevant to small businesses. Also, it analyzes these provisions for their potential effects on small businesses. Last, this report presents several approaches that could address some concerns associated with these provisions (particularly the employer penalty).
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Health Coverage Tax Credit

Health Coverage Tax Credit

Date: April 2, 2015
Creator: Fernandez, Bernadette
Description: The report describes the expired eligibility criteria, as well as the types of health insurance to which the tax credit may have been applied. It discusses past federal and state roles in administering the HCTC program, and it summarizes analyses on the credit's effectiveness in reaching targeted populations and related equity and efficiency issues. In addition, the report includes a short discussion of relevant current law and summarizes statutory history of the HCTC program.
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Health Insurance Premium Credits in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2015

Health Insurance Premium Credits in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2015

Date: March 18, 2015
Creator: Fernandez, Bernadette
Description: This report describes the eligibility criteria applicable to the premium tax credits and cost-sharing subsidies, and the calculation method for the credit and subsidy amounts. It also highlights selected issues addressed in the final regulation and guidance on premium credits and indicates the status of implementation, where relevant data is available.
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Medicaid Financing and Expenditures

Medicaid Financing and Expenditures

Date: July 30, 2012
Creator: Mitchell, Alison
Description: This report provides an overview of Medicaid’s financing structure, including both federal and state financing issues. The Medicaid expenditures section of the report discusses economic factors affecting Medicaid, state variability in spending, and projected program spending. Other issues that are examined include congressional proposals to turn Medicaid into a block grant program, federal deficit reduction proposals affecting Medicaid, and state fiscal conditions affecting Medicaid financing and services.
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The Affordable Care Act and Small Business: Economic Issues

The Affordable Care Act and Small Business: Economic Issues

Date: August 15, 2013
Creator: Lowry, Sean & Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report explains how employer-sponsored insurance can be used to address concerns about health insurance coverage and cost. Then, it summarizes the three ACA provisions most relevant to small businesses. Also, it analyzes these provisions for their potential effects on small businesses. Last, this report presents several approaches that could address some concerns associated with these provisions (particularly the employer penalty).
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TRICARE and VA Health Care: Impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA)

TRICARE and VA Health Care: Impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA)

Date: January 21, 2011
Creator: Panangala, Sidath Viranga & Jansen, Don J.
Description: This report addresses key questions concerning how the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) affects TRICARE and VA health care.
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U.S. Response to the Global Threat of Malaria: Basic Facts

U.S. Response to the Global Threat of Malaria: Basic Facts

Date: June 15, 2012
Creator: Kendall, Alexandra E.
Description: This report outlines basic facts related to global malaria, including characteristics of the epidemic and U.S. legislation, programs, funding, and partnerships related to the global response to malaria.
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U.S. Response to the Global Threat of Malaria: Basic Facts

U.S. Response to the Global Threat of Malaria: Basic Facts

Date: February 22, 2011
Creator: Kendall, Alexandra E.
Description: This report outlines basic facts related to global malaria, including characteristics of the epidemic and U.S. legislation, programs, funding, and partnerships related to the global response to malaria.
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Public Health and Emergency Preparedness: CRS Experts

Public Health and Emergency Preparedness: CRS Experts

Date: February 10, 2011
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Description: This table provides access to names and contact information for CRS experts on policy concerns relating to public health and emergency preparedness.
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Other Mental Health Problems in the Military: Oversight Issues for Congress

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Other Mental Health Problems in the Military: Oversight Issues for Congress

Date: August 8, 2013
Creator: Blakeley, Katherine & Jansen, Don J.
Description: This report discusses the prevalence of different psychological health concerns within the Armed Forces, current mental health screening and treatments, and DOD responses.
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The Affordable Care Act's (ACA) Employer Shared Responsibility Determination and the Potential ACA Employer Penalty

The Affordable Care Act's (ACA) Employer Shared Responsibility Determination and the Potential ACA Employer Penalty

Date: September 1, 2015
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M.
Description: This report describes the potential employer penalties related to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA; P.L. 111-148, as amended) as well as regulations to implement the ACA employer provisions. The regulations address insurance coverage requirements, methodologies for determining whether a worker is considered full time, provisions relating to seasonal workers and corporate franchises, and other reporting requirements.
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Provisions of the Senate Amendment to H.R. 3762

Provisions of the Senate Amendment to H.R. 3762

Date: February 1, 2016
Creator: Mach, Annie L.
Description: This report includes a table listing all provisions in H.R. 3762 and the Senate amendment to H.R. 3762 that would amend or repeal Affordable Care Act (ACA) provisions. It also provides a brief explanation of the provisions included in the Senate Amendment to H.R. 3762.
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