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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Hazardous Materials Transportation: Vulnerability to Terrorists, Federal Activities, and Options to Reduce Risks

Hazardous Materials Transportation: Vulnerability to Terrorists, Federal Activities, and Options to Reduce Risks

Date: October 15, 2001
Creator: Rothberg, Paul F
Description: This report discusses the scope and nature of the vulnerability of hazardous materials (hazmats) transportation and its potential relations to terrorists attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chemical Facility Security: Issues and Options for the 113th Congress

Chemical Facility Security: Issues and Options for the 113th Congress

Date: November 15, 2013
Creator: Shea, Dana A.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the existing statutory authority and implementing regulation. It describes several policy issues raised in previous debates regarding chemical facility security and identifies policy options for congressional consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
S. 1961 and H.R. 4024: Legislative Responses to a Chemical Storage Facility Spill

S. 1961 and H.R. 4024: Legislative Responses to a Chemical Storage Facility Spill

Date: March 26, 2014
Creator: Copeland, Claudia & Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report describes and analyzes the Chemical Safety and Preparedness Act and H.R. 4024, the Ensuring Access to Clean Water Act of 2014.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA): Compensation Related to Exposure to Radiation from Atomic Weapons Testing and Uranium Mining

The Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA): Compensation Related to Exposure to Radiation from Atomic Weapons Testing and Uranium Mining

Date: March 24, 2015
Creator: Szymendera, Scott D.
Description: This report discusses the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA), which provides one-time benefit payments to persons who may have developed cancer or other specified diseases after being exposed to radiation from atomic weapons testing or uranium mining, milling, or transporting.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Programs Related to Indoor Pollution by Chemicals

Federal Programs Related to Indoor Pollution by Chemicals

Date: July 23, 2012
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo & Bearden, David M.
Description: This report describes common indoor pollutants, discusses federal statutes that have been used to address indoor pollution, and analyzes key issues surrounding some general policy options for federal policy makers. The focus is on indoor chemical contaminants, rather than on temperature, humidity, or pollution from animals, fungal or bacterial organisms, or plant pests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Animal Waste and Hazardous Substances: Current Laws and Legislative Issues

Animal Waste and Hazardous Substances: Current Laws and Legislative Issues

Date: September 10, 2013
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report describes the provisions of the Superfund law and Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA), and enforcement actions under these laws that have increasingly been receiving attention. Congressional scrutiny in the form of legislative proposals and a House hearing in the 109th Congress are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Regulation of Fertilizers: Ammonium Nitrate and Anhydrous Ammonia

Regulation of Fertilizers: Ammonium Nitrate and Anhydrous Ammonia

Date: May 9, 2013
Creator: Shea, Dana A.; Schierow, Linda-Jo & Szymendera, Scott D.
Description: This report focuses on some of the federal regulatory programs overseeing storage of ammonium nitrate and anhydrous ammonia by retailers. It discusses federal occupational safety, environmental, and security statutes and regulations applicable to each chemical. Select policy issues regarding these federal regulatory programs will be highlighted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Regulation of Fertilizers: Ammonium Nitrate and Anhydrous Ammonia

Regulation of Fertilizers: Ammonium Nitrate and Anhydrous Ammonia

Date: May 14, 2013
Creator: Shea, Dana A.; Schierow, Linda-Jo & Szymendera, Scott D.
Description: This report focuses on some of the federal regulatory programs overseeing storage of ammonium nitrate and anhydrous ammonia by retailers. It discusses federal occupational safety, environmental, and security statutes and regulations applicable to each chemical. Select policy issues regarding these federal regulatory programs will be highlighted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hydraulic Fracturing: Chemical Disclosure Requirements

Hydraulic Fracturing: Chemical Disclosure Requirements

Date: April 4, 2012
Creator: Murrill, Brandon J. & Vann, Adam
Description: This report provides an overview of current and proposed laws at the state and federal levels that require the disclosure of the chemicals added to the fluid used in hydraulic fracturing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hydraulic Fracturing: Chemical Disclosure Requirements

Hydraulic Fracturing: Chemical Disclosure Requirements

Date: June 19, 2012
Creator: Murrill, Brandon J. & Vann, Adam
Description: This report provides an overview of current and proposed laws at the state and federal levels that require the disclosure of the chemicals added to the fluid used in hydraulic fracturing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lead-Based Paint Poisoning Prevention: Summary of Federal Mandates and Financial Assistance for Reducing Hazards in Housing

Lead-Based Paint Poisoning Prevention: Summary of Federal Mandates and Financial Assistance for Reducing Hazards in Housing

Date: June 12, 2008
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: This report discusses the federal strategy to reduce childhood exposure to lead-based paint (LBP). The federal Lead-Based Paint Poisoning Prevention Act (LBPPPA), as amended, establishes requirements and authorizes funding for the detection and control of LBP hazards in federally assisted housing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Animal Waste and Hazardous Substances: Current Laws and Legislative Issues

Animal Waste and Hazardous Substances: Current Laws and Legislative Issues

Date: January 25, 2008
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report describes the provisions of Superfund and Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA), and enforcement actions under these laws that have increasingly been receiving attention. Congressional scrutiny in the form of legislative proposals and a House hearing in the 109th Congress are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed Reform of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) in the 113th Congress: S. 1009 Compared with S. 696 and Current Law

Proposed Reform of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) in the 113th Congress: S. 1009 Compared with S. 696 and Current Law

Date: October 23, 2013
Creator: Yen, Jerry H.
Description: This report compares key provisions of S. 696 and S. 1009 with provisions of TSCA Title I (15 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.) that would be affected if either bill became law. These provisions are summarized in Tables 1 through 6 of this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fairness in Asbestos Injury Resolution Act of 2004 (S. 2290, 108th Congress)

Fairness in Asbestos Injury Resolution Act of 2004 (S. 2290, 108th Congress)

Date: April 14, 2004
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: This report provides an overview of S. 2290, 108th Congress, the Fairness in Asbestos Injury Resolution Act of 2004 (or FAIR Act of 2004). The bill is a revised version of S. 1125, 108th Congress, and would create the Office of Asbestos Disease Compensation to award damages to asbestos claimants on a no-fault basis. Asbestos claims could no longer be filed or pursued under state law, except for the enforcement of judgments no longer subject to any appeal or judicial review before the date of enactment of the bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Japanese Nuclear Incident: Technical Aspects

The Japanese Nuclear Incident: Technical Aspects

Date: March 31, 2011
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: The Japanese earthquake and tsunami of March 2011 caused extensive damage to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP). This damage has released some radioactive materials, and there are widespread fears about the health effects of current and possible future releases. These fears, and public concern about radiation in general, have attracted the world’s attention. This report presents scientific and technical aspects of these issues in order to provide a basis for understanding the risks associated with this event.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Japanese Nuclear Incident: Technical Aspects

The Japanese Nuclear Incident: Technical Aspects

Date: March 29, 2011
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: Japan’s nuclear incident has engendered much public and congressional concern about the possible impact of radiation on the Japanese public, as well as possible fallout on U.S. citizens. This report provides information on technical aspects of the nuclear incident, with reference to human health.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Approaches to Chemical Facility Security

Legislative Approaches to Chemical Facility Security

Date: August 16, 2005
Creator: Shea, Dana A
Description: This report discusses current chemical facility security efforts, issues in defining chemical facilities, policy challenges in developing chemical facility security legislation, and the various policy approaches.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal and State Authority to Regulate Radioactive Waste Disposal and Transportation

Federal and State Authority to Regulate Radioactive Waste Disposal and Transportation

Date: May 11, 1982
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V
Description: There appears to be a growing controversy concerning whether a state has the authority to prevent the federal government from disposing of nuclear wastes within it and transporting nuclear wastes through it. Several states have statutes purporting to veto the federal government's action in these areas. This report investigates whether these state statutes may be unconstitutional and preempted by federal statutes and regulations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bisphenol A (BPA) in Plastics and Possible Human Health Effects

Bisphenol A (BPA) in Plastics and Possible Human Health Effects

Date: August 13, 2010
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo & Lister, Sarah A.
Description: This report discusses Bisphenol A (BPA). BPA is used to produce certain types of plastic that are used in thousands of formulations for myriad products. Containers made with these plastics may expose people to small amounts of BPA in food and water. Medical devices and other more ubiquitous products, such as thermal paper coatings, also may contribute significantly to human exposure. Some animal experiments have found that fetal and infant development may be harmed by small amounts of BPA, but scientists disagree about the value of the animal studies for predicting harmful effects in people.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed Amendments to the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA): Senate and House Bills Compared with Current Law

Proposed Amendments to the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA): Senate and House Bills Compared with Current Law

Date: August 12, 2010
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: On April 15, 2010, Senator Lautenberg introduced legislation (S. 3209) to amend the core provisions of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Title I. Representatives Waxman and Rush introduced comprehensive legislation to amend TSCA (H.R. 5820) on July 22, 2010. This report compares key provisions of S. 3209, as introduced, H.R. 5820, as introduced, and current law (15 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans Exposed to Agent Orange: Legislative History, Litigation, and Current Issues

Veterans Exposed to Agent Orange: Legislative History, Litigation, and Current Issues

Date: November 18, 2014
Creator: Panangala, Sidath Viranga & Shedd, Daniel T.
Description: This report provides an overview of how Congress and the judiciary have addressed the concerns of Vietnam-era veterans and briefly describes some of the current issues raised by Vietnam-era veterans.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA): A Summary of the Act and Its Major Requirements

The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA): A Summary of the Act and Its Major Requirements

Date: November 18, 2008
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: This report defines key terms, provides a brief history of toxic substances control law, and describes key provisions of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). In addition, this report lists several references for more detailed information about the act and provides a table that cross references sections of the U.S. Code with corresponding sections of the act. The report is descriptive rather than analytic, highlights key provisions rather than providing a comprehensive inventory of the act's numerous sections, and addresses authorities and limitations imposed by statute, rather than the status of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) implementation or other policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA): Implementation and New Challenges

The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA): Implementation and New Challenges

Date: July 18, 2008
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: This report provides an overview of basic Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) provisions, briefly examines the history of TSCA implementation by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and describes the legal, scientific, and technological developments that are being used to provide support to calls for TSCA reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA): A Summary

The Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA): A Summary

Date: February 2, 2010
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: This report summarizes the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) and the major regulatory programs that mandate reporting by industrial facilities of releases of hazardous chemicals to the environment, as well as local planning to respond in the event of significant, accidental releases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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