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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Access to Government Information In the United States

Access to Government Information In the United States

Date: April 23, 2007
Creator: Relyea, Harold C. & Kolakowski, Michael W.
Description: The Constitution of the United States makes no specific allowance for any one of the co-equal branches to have access to information held by the others and contains no provision expressly establishing a procedure for, or a right of, public access to government information. Nonetheless, Congress has legislated various public access laws. These include two records access statutes — the Freedom of Information Act and the Privacy Act — and two meetings access statutes — the Federal Advisory Committee Act and the Government in the Sunshine Act. This report provides background on the issue of government transparency and examines relevant litigation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Access to Government Information In the United States

Access to Government Information In the United States

Date: March 13, 2008
Creator: Relyea, Harold C. & Ginsberg, Wendy
Description: The Constitution of the United States makes no specific allowance for any one of the co-equal branches to have access to information held by the others and contains no provision expressly establishing a procedure for, or a right of, public access to government information. Nonetheless, Congress has legislated various public access laws. These include two records access statutes — the Freedom of Information Act and the Privacy Act — and two meetings access statutes — the Federal Advisory Committee Act and the Government in the Sunshine Act. This report provides background on the issue of government transparency and examines relevant litigation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Access to Government Information In the United States

Access to Government Information In the United States

Date: January 23, 2003
Creator: Relyea, Harold C.
Description: The Constitution of the United States makes no specific allowance for any one of the co-equal branches to have access to information held by the others and contains no provision expressly establishing a procedure for, or a right of, public access to government information. Nonetheless, Congress has legislated various public access laws. These include two records access statutes — the Freedom of Information Act and the Privacy Act — and two meetings access statutes — the Federal Advisory Committee Act and the Government in the Sunshine Act. This report provides background on the issue of government transparency and examines relevant litigation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Access to Government Information In the United States

Access to Government Information In the United States

Date: December 5, 2007
Creator: Relyea, Harold C. & Kolakowski, Michael W.
Description: The Constitution of the United States makes no specific allowance for any one of the co-equal branches to have access to information held by the others and contains no provision expressly establishing a procedure for, or a right of, public access to government information. Nonetheless, Congress has legislated various public access laws. These include two records access statutes — the Freedom of Information Act and the Privacy Act — and two meetings access statutes — the Federal Advisory Committee Act and the Government in the Sunshine Act. This report provides background on the issue of government transparency and examines relevant litigation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Claims of Executive Privilege: History, Law, Practice and Recent Developments

Presidential Claims of Executive Privilege: History, Law, Practice and Recent Developments

Date: August 21, 2008
Creator: Rosenberg, Morton
Description: This report discusses the background of claims of executive privilege, a right to preserve the confidentiality of information and documents in the face of legislative demands, ending with a look into how President George W. Bush has used them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Map Sources

Iraq: Map Sources

Date: November 20, 2007
Creator: Fischer, Hannah
Description: This report identifies online sources for maps of Iraq, including government, library, and organizational websites. These sources have been selected on the basis of their authoritativeness and the range, quality, and uniqueness of the maps they provide. Some sources provide up-to-the-minute maps; others have been selected for their collection of historical maps. Maps of the Iraq, the Middle East, the state of Al Qaeda in Iraq, and the movement of refugees in Iraq are provided.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lobbyists and Interest Groups: Sources of Information

Lobbyists and Interest Groups: Sources of Information

Date: June 11, 2007
Creator: Watkins, Zina L.
Description: Lobbyists and interest groups play an active role in the American legislative process. Information on lobbyist registrations and on interest groups in general is available from a variety of online and printed sources, including files available for public inspection. This report is a guide for locating governmental sources that maintain files on lobby groups, their registrations, and finances. Also included in this report are nongovernmental sources that offer background information on the lobbyists and interest groups who focus on legislation in Washington.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Interest Groups and Lobbyists: Sources of Information

Interest Groups and Lobbyists: Sources of Information

Date: July 18, 2002
Creator: Greenfield, Susan Watkins
Description: Interest groups, including those who actively lobby, continue to play a role in the American legislative process. After years of congressional efforts to improve disclosure of interest groups, the Lobbying Disclosure Act (LDA) of 1995 (P.L. 104-65) and the Lobbying Disclosure Technical Amendments Act of 1997 (P.L. 105-166) were signed into law on December 19, 1995, and April 6, 1998, respectively. Both laws seek greater disclosure of interest groups’ activities and more accuracy in reporting their spending. Information on lobbyist registrations and on interest groups in general is available from a variety of online and printed sources, including files available for public inspection. This report provides a list of directories and online services that offer background on the interest groups and lobbyists who focus on legislation in Washington.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lobbyists and Interest Groups: Sources of Information

Lobbyists and Interest Groups: Sources of Information

Date: May 9, 2008
Creator: Watkins, Zina L.
Description: Lobbyists and interest groups play an active role in the American legislative process. Information on lobbyist registrations and on interest groups in general is available from a variety of online and printed sources, including files available for public inspection. This report is a guide for locating governmental sources that maintain files on lobby groups, their registrations, and finances. Also included in this report are nongovernmental sources that offer background information on the lobbyists and interest groups who focus on legislation in Washington.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lobbyists and Interest Groups: Sources of Information

Lobbyists and Interest Groups: Sources of Information

Date: January 10, 2006
Creator: Oboroceanu, Mari-Jana
Description: Lobbyists and interest groups play an active role in the American legislative process. Information on lobbyist registrations and on interest groups in general is available from a variety of online and printed sources, including files available for public inspection. This report is a guide for locating governmental sources that maintain files on lobby groups, their registrations, and finances. Also included in this report are nongovernmental sources that offer background information on the lobbyists and interest groups who focus on legislation in Washington.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lobbyists and Interest Groups: Sources of Information

Lobbyists and Interest Groups: Sources of Information

Date: February 5, 2007
Creator: Watkins, Zina L.
Description: Lobbyists and interest groups play an active role in the American legislative process. Information on lobbyist registrations and on interest groups in general is available from a variety of online and printed sources, including files available for public inspection. This report is a guide for locating governmental sources that maintain files on lobby groups, their registrations, and finances. Also included in this report are nongovernmental sources that offer background information on the lobbyists and interest groups who focus on legislation in Washington.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Printing: Background and Issues for Congress

Congressional Printing: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 5, 2009
Creator: Petersen, R. E.
Description: This report provides an overview and analysis of issues related to the processing and distribution of congressional information by the Government Printing Office. Subsequent sections address several issues, including funding congressional printing, printing authorizations, current printing practices, and options for Congress. Finally, the report provides congressional printing appropriations, production, and distribution data in a number of tables.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Rulemaking: The Role of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs

Federal Rulemaking: The Role of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs

Date: June 9, 2009
Creator: Copeland, Curtis W.
Description: This report discusses the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980, which created the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) within the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). This report addresses OIRA's responsibilities, controversies related to OIRA, and possible legislative issues involving OIRA, including increasing or decreasing the office's funding and staffing, and improvements in the transparency of OIRA's review process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Critical Infrastructure Information Disclosure and Homeland Security

Critical Infrastructure Information Disclosure and Homeland Security

Date: August 31, 2002
Creator: Moteff, John D & Stevens, Gina Marie
Description: This report discusses the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) that was passed to ensure by statute citizen access to government information. Nine categories of information may be exempted from disclosure. Three of the nine exemptions provide possible protection against the release of critical infrastructure information: exemption 1 (national security information); exemption 3 (information exempted by statute); and exemption 4 (confidential business information). Congress has considered several proposals to exempt critical infrastructure information from the FOIA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Critical Infrastructure Information Disclosure and Homeland Security

Critical Infrastructure Information Disclosure and Homeland Security

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Moteff, John D & Stevens, Gina Marie
Description: This report discusses the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) that was passed to ensure by statute citizen access to government information. Nine categories of information may be exempted from disclosure. Three of the nine exemptions provide possible protection against the release of critical infrastructure information: exemption 1 (national security information); exemption 3 (information exempted by statute); and exemption 4 (confidential business information). Congress has considered several proposals to exempt critical infrastructure information from the FOIA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Merchandise Trade Data: 1948-2002

U.S. Merchandise Trade Data: 1948-2002

Date: September 20, 2002
Creator: Donnelly, J. Michael
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Merchandise Trade Data: 1948-2002

U.S. Merchandise Trade Data: 1948-2002

Date: April 3, 2003
Creator: Donnelly, J. Michael
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Merchandise Trade Statistics: 1948-2000

U.S. Merchandise Trade Statistics: 1948-2000

Date: March 15, 2001
Creator: Donnelly, J. Michael
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Merchandise Trade Statistics: 1948-2001

U.S. Merchandise Trade Statistics: 1948-2001

Date: March 13, 2002
Creator: Donnelly, J. Michael
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Printing Reform: Issues and Actions

Public Printing Reform: Issues and Actions

Date: May 10, 2002
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Printing Reform: Issues and Actions

Public Printing Reform: Issues and Actions

Date: January 13, 2003
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Printing Reform: Issues and Actions

Public Printing Reform: Issues and Actions

Date: December 26, 2002
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Printing Reform: Issues and Actions

Public Printing Reform: Issues and Actions

Date: June 17, 2003
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Printing Reform: Issues and Actions

Public Printing Reform: Issues and Actions

Date: April 5, 2001
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department