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 Decade: 1980-1989
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Congress and Foreign Policy: Selected References
This spreading list presents literature on the role of Congress in the conduct of foreign relations. Citations include such topics as the relationship between Congress and the executive, role of committees, and the impact of foreign policy decisions. The focus is on the current literature, but older materials are included to provide historical background on this topic. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9614/
United States/Soviet Military Balance
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Human Rights in U.S. Foreign Relations: Six Key Questions in the Continuing Policy Debate
This report provides background information and a general overview of the role of human rights in U.S. foreign policy. It includes a discussion of some traditional arguments about how international human rights concerns might be integrated with other foreign policy factors. It also includes a discussion of the definition of human rights, of U.S. international obligations to promote human rights, and the apparatus and procedures available to the U.S. Government for implementing human rights policy. Particular attention is paid to congressional actions, not only in debating and holding hearings on human rights issues, but especially in enacting laws to assure that U.S. foreign policy formulation and practice include consideration of the status of human rights in other countries. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8397/
Human Rights and U.S. Foreign Policy
Following a review of such broad policy issues, this report treats specific human rights issues of current interest. Discussions of controversy over the selection of an Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs and of human rights policy at the international financial institutions are followed by reviews of U.S. human rights policy toward Argentina, El Salvador, Nicaragua, South Africa, and the Soviet Union. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8859/
China-U.S. Trade
The improved political relationship between the United States and the People's Republic of China (P.R.C.), initiated by the Nixon Administration and furthered by the Carter Administration's decision to establish diplomatic relations, has spurred a rapid increase in Sino-U.S. trade. While still small relative to overall U.S. foreign trade, the volume of trade represents an abrupt shift from the no-trade policy that had been pursued since 1950. Despite the rapid expansion, outstanding issues remain as serious barriers to normalized trade. Resolution of those issues may require concession or accommodations by the Chinese leadership as well as action by both the U.S. Congress and the Executive Branch. However, the development of a new approach to foreign economic relations by the post-Mao Chinese leadership and the establishment of diplomatic relations have laid the ground work for a further expansion of commercial relations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8404/
U.S. Trade Policy Towards Japan: Where Do We Go From Here?
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Technology Transfer And National Security Issues
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South Africa: U.S. Policy After Sanctions
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South Africa: U.S. Policy After Sanctions
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The Strategic Defense Initiative: Issues for Phase 1 Deployment
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The Strategic Defense Initiative: Issues for Phase 1 Deployment
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El Salvador: Policy Issues for the 98th Congress
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Soviet Pipeline
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Soviet Policy Toward the Third World
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Soviet Policy Under Andropov
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Sanctions against South Africa: Activities of the 99th Congress
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Radio Marti
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Japan-U.S. Trade
This report provides background and current analysis of the Japan--U.S. trade situation, discusses the political and economic tensions which this imbalance has created, and outlines the problems involved in several current negotiations, such as the question of trade barriers to U.S. agricultural exports. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8711/
Japan-U.S. Trade Relations
This report discusses trade relations between the U.S. and Japan. Commercial aspects of the United States-Japan alliance, in recent years, have begun to dominate the dialogue between the two nations. In particular, friction points have developed over chronic U.S. bilateral trade deficits with Japan, allegations of Japanese protectionism, and rapid incursions into U.S. markets by Japanese export products. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8612/
Afghanistan: Soviet Invasion and U.S. Response
The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan has raised a number of serious issues and choices for the United States. The train of events seem likely to have an important influence on overall American foreign policy in the 1980s. Reassessment of Soviet motives and of U.S. roles in the world are already in progress. Emerging American attitudes, in turn, will shape more specific policy decisions on several issues, which this issue brief discusses. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8151/
The Strategic Defense Initiative: Program Facts
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9591/
The Strategic Defense Initiative: Program Facts
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9601/
Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI): Mission Objectives for Directing the Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9248/
Strategic Defense Initiative: Selected References, 1986-1988
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9249/