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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Iran Sanctions

Iran Sanctions

Date: January 12, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report analyzes U.S. and international sanctions against Iran and provides some examples, based on open sources, of companies and countries that conduct business with Iran.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
American Agriculture and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement

American Agriculture and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: McMinimy, Mark A.
Description: This report identifies four considerations about the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement that are particularly relevant for U.S. food and agriculture. It includes a partial snapshot of some of the higher-profile improvements in market access for agricultural products in the agreement, a summary of selected provisions beyond market access that are of interest to food and agriculture, a brief overview of industry reactions to the agreement, and a review of what would need to occur for the agreement to enter into force for the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): In Brief

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): In Brief

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.; McMinimy, Mark A. & Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report briefly summarizes some of the key provisions listed in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) that are seen as controversial. The TPP is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) among 12 Asia-Pacific countries, which the Obama Administration casts as comprehensive, with economic and strategic significance for the United States. These controversial issues include select market access (such as on dairy and other agricultural products, autos, and textiles and apparel) as well as the level of intellectual property protection, the scope and enforcement of environment and worker rights provisions, the treatment of state-owned enterprises (SOEs), investor-state dispute settlement, access to government procurement, and the potential inclusion of provisions on currency valuation and exchange rates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations Appropriations: A Guide to Component Accounts

State, Foreign Operations Appropriations: A Guide to Component Accounts

Date: January 5, 2016
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt & Tiersky, Alex
Description: This report briefly discusses the foreign operations appropriations legislation generally and then provides a short description of the various funding accounts as they appear in Division K, "Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2016," of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016 (P.L. 114-113). The State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs appropriations legislation provides annual funding for almost all of the international affairs programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran-U.S. Air Service Not Imminent

Iran-U.S. Air Service Not Imminent

Date: November 18, 2015
Creator: Tang, Rachel Y.
Description: This report discusses the prospect of bilateral air service between Iran and the United States to resume, after the July 2015 agreement in which Iran accepted strict limits on its nuclear program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Sanctions

Iran Sanctions

Date: November 3, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report analyzes U.S. and international sanctions against Iran and provides some examples, based on open sources, of companies and countries that conduct business with Iran.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The New START Treaty: Central Limits and Key Provisions

The New START Treaty: Central Limits and Key Provisions

Date: November 3, 2015
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report provides an overview of the New Strategic Arms Reductions Treaty (START). The Obama Administration and outside analysts argue that New START strengthens strategic stability and enhances U.S. national security. Critics, however, question whether the treaty serves U.S. national security interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Iran Hostages: Efforts to Obtain Compensation

The Iran Hostages: Efforts to Obtain Compensation

Date: November 2, 2015
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report outlines the history of various efforts relating to benefits for victims of the 1979-1981 Iran Hostage Crisis, and describes several bills currently before Congress: the Justice for Former American Hostages in Iran Act of 2015, S. 868, a companion bill, H.R. 3338, and Section 122 of the Department of State Operations Authorization and Embassy Security Act, Fiscal Year 2016, S. 1635.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Nuclear Agreement

Iran Nuclear Agreement

Date: October 27, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth & Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report discusses the recently finalized Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) that attempts to ensure that Iran's nuclear program can be used for purely peaceful purposes, in exchange for a broad suspension of U.S., European Union (EU), and United Nations sanctions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Crises and Disasters: U.S. Humanitarian Assistance Response Mechanisms

International Crises and Disasters: U.S. Humanitarian Assistance Response Mechanisms

Date: October 16, 2015
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda
Description: This report examines U.S. humanitarian assistance in international crises and disaster situations. It considers the sources and types of U.S. government aid, the response mechanisms of key U.S. agencies and departments, and possible issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S. Trade Issues

China-U.S. Trade Issues

Date: October 14, 2015
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S.-China commercial relations, including major trade disputes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Poland and Its Relations with the United States: In Brief

Poland and Its Relations with the United States: In Brief

Date: September 30, 2015
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report provides an overview and assessment of some of the main dimensions of the topic of developments in Poland and its relations with the United States, which are of continuing interest to the U.S. Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Zivotofsky v. Kerry: The Jerusalem Passport Case and Its Potential Implications for Congress's Foreign Affairs Powers

Zivotofsky v. Kerry: The Jerusalem Passport Case and Its Potential Implications for Congress's Foreign Affairs Powers

Date: September 28, 2015
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report briefly describes legislative efforts to modify U.S. policy with respect to Jerusalem, in particular multiple enactments of the passport provision. The report then summarizes the Supreme Court decision, including concurrences and dissents. Finally, the report concludes by suggesting possible implications of the decision with respect to Congress's authority to influence foreign affairs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Foreign Policy

Iran's Foreign Policy

Date: September 25, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report provides an overview of Iran's foreign policy, which has been a subject of numerous congressional hearings and of sanctions and other legislation for many years. The report contains some specific information on Iran's relations with these countries, but refers to other CRS reports for more detail, particularly on the views of individual countries towards Iran. The report also makes reference to Iran's efforts to utilize its ties to various countries to try to mitigate the effects of U.S. sanctions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Maritime Territorial and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Disputes Involving China: Issues for Congress

Maritime Territorial and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Disputes Involving China: Issues for Congress

Date: September 18, 2015
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on maritime territorial and exclusive economic zone (EEZ) disputes in the East China (ECS) and South China Sea (SCS) involving China, with a focus on how these disputes may affect U.S. strategic and policy interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Saudi Arabia: Background and U.S. Relations

Saudi Arabia: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses the current state of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, its relationship with the United States, and future initiatives to further develop U.S.-Saudi relations. The kingdom of Saudi Arabia, ruled by the Al Saud family since its founding in 1932, wields significant global political and economic influence. Close U.S.-Saudi official relations have survived a series of challenges since the 1940s, and, in recent years, shared concerns over Sunni Islamist extremist terrorism and Iranian regional ambitions have provided a renewed logic for continued strategic cooperation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union: Questions and Answers

The European Union: Questions and Answers

Date: September 4, 2015
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report serves as a primer on the European Union and provides a brief description of U.S.-EU relations that may be of interest in the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brazil: Background and U.S. Relations

Brazil: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: August 20, 2015
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report discusses the current political and economic situation in Brazil, and examines the U.S.'s commercial relationship with the country. The United States traditionally has enjoyed robust economic and political relations with Brazil, which is the seventh-largest economy in the world and is recognized by the Obama Administration as a "major global player" and an "indispensable partner" on issues ranging from international development to climate change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-China Nuclear Cooperation Agreement

U.S.-China Nuclear Cooperation Agreement

Date: August 18, 2015
Creator: Holt, Mark; Nikitin, Mary Beth D. & Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report discusses renewal of the peaceful nuclear cooperation agreement between the United States and the People's Republic of China (PRC). It focuses on congressional roles in crafting and carrying out the agreement. Such agreements are subject to Section 123 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 as amended (AEA, P.L. 95-242, 42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) and commonly are called "123 agreements."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran, Gulf Security, and U.S. Policy

Iran, Gulf Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: August 14, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses issues regarding Iran's political history and structure. It also takes a look at economic and defense policy responses for Congress, specifically focusing on Iran's nuclear capabilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Nuclear Agreement: Selected Issues for Congress

Iran Nuclear Agreement: Selected Issues for Congress

Date: August 6, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth & Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report addresses some of the many issues raised by the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), including: those related to monitoring and enforcing the Iran Nuclear Agreement itself, how the sanctions relief provided by the agreement would affect Iran's regional and domestic policies, the implications for regional security, and the potential for the agreement to change the course of U.S.-Iran relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Procedures for Congressional Action in Relation to a Nuclear Agreement with Iran: In Brief

Procedures for Congressional Action in Relation to a Nuclear Agreement with Iran: In Brief

Date: August 5, 2015
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report provides, in brief, analysis of the congressional procedural provisions laid out in the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015 (P.L. 114-17). The act establishes a period for Congress to review any comprehensive agreement, during which certain presidential actions to provide relief from sanctions on Iran are barred.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Sanctions

Iran Sanctions

Date: August 4, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report analyzes U.S. and international sanctions against Iran and provides some examples, based on open sources, of companies and countries that conduct business with Iran. U.S. sanctions have been a major feature of U.S.-Iran policy since Iran's 1979 Islamic revolution, but the imposition of U.N. and worldwide bilateral sanctions on Iran that began in 2006 and increased dramatically as of 2010 is recent by comparison.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Nuclear Agreement

Iran Nuclear Agreement

Date: July 30, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth & Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report discusses the recently finalized Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) that attempts to ensure that Iran's nuclear program can be used for purely peaceful purposes, in exchange for a broad suspension of U.S., European Union (EU), and United Nations sanctions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department