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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Negotiations and Issues for Congress

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Negotiations and Issues for Congress

Date: March 20, 2015
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.; McMinimy, Mark A. & Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report examines the issues related to the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), the state and substance of the negotiations (to the degree that the information is publicly available), the specific areas under negotiation, the policy and economic contexts in which the TPP would fit, and the issues for Congress that the TPP presents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gangs in Central America

Gangs in Central America

Date: January 11, 2010
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando
Description: This report describes the gang problem in Central America, discusses country and regional approaches to deal with the gangs, and analyzes U.S. policy with respect to gangs in Central America.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Attack Against the U.S. Ambassador to South Korea

The Attack Against the U.S. Ambassador to South Korea

Date: March 10, 2015
Creator: Manyin, Mark E. & Tiersky, Alex
Description: This report briefly discusses the March 5 knife attack on U.S. Ambassador to South Korea Mark Lippert.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Public Diplomacy: Background and Current Issues

U.S. Public Diplomacy: Background and Current Issues

Date: December 18, 2009
Creator: Nakamura, Kennon H. & Weed, Matthew C.
Description: This report discusses background information on U.S. public diplomacy, the current structure of public diplomacy within the Department of State as well as its budget and personnel levels, overview of some of the major related policy issues, and proposed legislation intended to reform and improve U.S. public diplomacy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America COMPETES 2010 and the FY2013 Budget

America COMPETES 2010 and the FY2013 Budget

Date: March 20, 2012
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.
Description: The 112th Congress faces several budget and appropriations decisions that may affect implementation of the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010. Signed on January 4, 2011, this law seeks to improve U.S. competitiveness and innovation by authorizing, among other things, increased federal support for research in the physical sciences and engineering; and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. The specific debate about FY2013 funding for America COMPETES 2010 provisions will occur within the broader context of the national conversation about U.S. competitiveness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America COMPETES 2010 and the FY2013 Budget

America COMPETES 2010 and the FY2013 Budget

Date: October 9, 2012
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.
Description: This report discusses the 112th Congress' possible changes to the implementation of the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010. Signed on January 4, 2011, this law seeks to improve U.S. competitiveness and innovation by authorizing, among other things, increased federal support for research in the physical sciences and engineering; and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. The specific debate about FY2013 funding for America COMPETES 2010 provisions will occur within the broader context of the national conversation about U.S. competitiveness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America COMPETES Acts: FY2008-FY2013 Funding Tables

America COMPETES Acts: FY2008-FY2013 Funding Tables

Date: October 16, 2012
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.
Description: This report tracks historical federal funding associated with the America Creating Opportunities to Meaningfully Promote Excellence in Technology, Education, and Science (COMEPETES) Reauthorization Act of 2010, which are set to expire in 2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Building Civilian Interagency Capacity for Missions Abroad: Key Proposals and Issues for Congress

Building Civilian Interagency Capacity for Missions Abroad: Key Proposals and Issues for Congress

Date: January 23, 2012
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.; Dale, Catherine & Towell, Pat
Description: This report draws on over three dozen studies with recommendations to improve the current national security system. The studies surveyed include three prepared by the Project on National Security Reform, with comprehensive recommendations, four prepared or co-sponsored by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), and two by RAND in conjunction with the American Academy of Diplomats, as well as reports by the Council on Foreign Relations, the Defense Science Board, the National Defense University, and others. This report draws from these studies, as well as a few articles, for recommendations to improve strategy-making, planning, and budgeting; to improve institutional authorities, structures and arrangements; and, to create interagency personnel policies and mechanisms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
In Brief: Clarifying the Concept of "Partnership" in National Security

In Brief: Clarifying the Concept of "Partnership" in National Security

Date: May 4, 2012
Creator: Dale, Catherine
Description: Over the last few years, the term "partnership" has spread like wildfire through official U.S. national security guidance documents and rhetoric. At the Department of Defense (DOD), which spearheaded the proliferation of the term, "partnership" has been used to refer to a broad array of civilian as well as military activities in support of national security.1 At other U.S. government agencies, and at the White House, the use of the term "partnership" has been echoed and applied even more broadly-not only in the national security arena, but also to all facets of U.S. relationships with foreign partners. "Partnership" is not new in either theory or practice. A lack of sufficient strategic direction regarding the use of the term could raise a series of potential concerns for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Direct Investment in the United States: An Economic Analysis

Foreign Direct Investment in the United States: An Economic Analysis

Date: October 26, 2012
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: Report containing information regarding foreign direct investments, including the foreign acquisition of American firms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2014 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2014 Budget and Appropriations

Date: August 22, 2013
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Tiersky, Alex & Lawson, Marian L.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the FY2014 State Department, Foreign Operations and Related Programs funding request, as well as top-line analysis of pending House and Senate State-Foreign Operations appropriations proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America Competes 2010: FY2012 Funding and FY2008-FY2011 Funding Summary

America Competes 2010: FY2012 Funding and FY2008-FY2011 Funding Summary

Date: July 8, 2011
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.
Description: This report discusses how funding affects the America COMPETES program, and subsequently U.S. interests in R&D in STEM disciplines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Aid Reform: Agency Coordination

Foreign Aid Reform: Agency Coordination

Date: August 7, 2009
Creator: Lawson, Marian L. & Epstein, Susan B.
Description: This report discusses the many agencies involved with U.S. foreign assistance, the mechanisms currently in place to coordinate foreign aid programs, particularly those related to development assistance, and agency coordination issues that Congress may consider as part of foreign assistance reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2012 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2012 Budget and Appropriations

Date: July 22, 2011
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian Leonardo & Resler, Tamara J.
Description: This report focuses on the $59.65 billion requested for programs and activities funded through the State-Foreign Operations appropriations bill, which excludes some portions of the International Affairs request such as certain commissions and foreign food aid requested as part of other budget functions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2012 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2012 Budget and Appropriations

Date: October 6, 2011
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: This report focuses on the $59.65 billion requested for programs and activities funded through the State-Foreign Operations appropriations bill, which excludes some portions of the International Affairs request such as certain commissions and foreign food aid requested as part of other budget functions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2012 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2012 Budget and Appropriations

Date: August 4, 2011
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: This report focuses on the $59.65 billion requested for programs and activities funded through the State-Foreign Operations appropriations bill, which excludes some portions of the International Affairs request such as certain commissions and foreign food aid requested as part of other budget functions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2012 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2012 Budget and Appropriations

Date: July 7, 2011
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian Leonardo & Resler, Tamara J.
Description: This report focuses on the $59.65 billion requested for programs and activities funded through the State-Foreign Operations appropriations bill, which excludes some portions of the International Affairs request such as certain commissions and foreign food aid requested as part of other budget functions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Policy Budget Trends: A Thirty-Year Review

Foreign Policy Budget Trends: A Thirty-Year Review

Date: January 31, 2006
Creator: Nowels, Larry
Description: This report serves as a resource for the annual congressional debate on foreign policy spending, providing context and a trend analysis of the past 30 years. It considers the full scope of the International Affairs Budget, or Budget Function 150, as foreign policy spending is designated within the context of the Congressional Budget Resolution. It also illustrates spending trends of the major components that make up Budget Function 150. Other relevant “snapshots” of international spending are also examined, including how foreign aid resources have been allocated across several sub-categories and trends that are especially applicable to current funding priorities such as confronting global health problems and increasing aid to Africa.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Negotiations and Issues for Congress

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Negotiations and Issues for Congress

Date: March 20, 2015
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.; McMinimy, Mark A. & Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report examines the issues related to the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), the state and substance of the negotiations (to the degree that the information is publically available), the specific areas under negotiation, the policy and economic contexts in which the TPP would fit, and the issues for Congress that the TPP presents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): In Brief

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): In Brief

Date: February 9, 2016
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.; McMinimy, Mark A. & Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report briefly summarizes some of the key controversial issues of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), including select market access issues (such as on dairy and other agricultural products, autos, and textiles and apparel) as well as the level of intellectual property protection, the scope and enforcement of environment and worker rights provisions, investor-state dispute settlement, access to government procurement, and the potential inclusion of provisions on currency valuation and exchange rates. The TPP is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) among 12 Asia-Pacific countries, which the Obama Administration casts as comprehensive, with economic and strategic significance for the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trans-Pacific Partnership: Strategic Implications

The Trans-Pacific Partnership: Strategic Implications

Date: February 3, 2016
Creator: Williams, Brock R.; Dolven, Ben; Fergusson, Ian F.; Manyin, Mark E.; Martin, Michael F. & Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report discusses selected strategic arguments related to the proposed 12-nation Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) free trade agreement (FTA) negotiations. The potential impacts of the agreement may be an active area of debate during the second session of the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): In Brief

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): In Brief

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.; McMinimy, Mark A. & Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report briefly summarizes some of the key provisions listed in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) that are seen as controversial. The TPP is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) among 12 Asia-Pacific countries, which the Obama Administration casts as comprehensive, with economic and strategic significance for the United States. These controversial issues include select market access (such as on dairy and other agricultural products, autos, and textiles and apparel) as well as the level of intellectual property protection, the scope and enforcement of environment and worker rights provisions, the treatment of state-owned enterprises (SOEs), investor-state dispute settlement, access to government procurement, and the potential inclusion of provisions on currency valuation and exchange rates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
American Agriculture and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement

American Agriculture and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: McMinimy, Mark A.
Description: This report identifies four considerations about the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement that are particularly relevant for U.S. food and agriculture. It includes a partial snapshot of some of the higher-profile improvements in market access for agricultural products in the agreement, a summary of selected provisions beyond market access that are of interest to food and agriculture, a brief overview of industry reactions to the agreement, and a review of what would need to occur for the agreement to enter into force for the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Continuity of Operations (COOP): An Overview of Concepts and Challenges

Congressional Continuity of Operations (COOP): An Overview of Concepts and Challenges

Date: March 25, 2005
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric & Seifert, Jeffrey W
Description: This report discusses the circumstances surrounding COOP planning, including provisions for alternative meeting sites and methods for conducting House and Senate meetings and floor sessions when Capitol facilities are not available.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department